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  • Data for Figure 3.2 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.2 shows changes in surface temperature for different paleoclimates. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has three subpanels, the data provided for all panels in subdirectories named panel_a, panel_b, panel_c --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- For panel (a): - PMIP3 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - PMIP4 CMIP6 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - PMIP4 non-CMIP6 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - Tierney 2020 reconstructions of marine temperature - Cleator 2020 reconstructions of continental temperature For panel (b): - CMIP5 temperature data for paleoclimate periods - CMIP6 temperature data for paleoclimate periods - non-CMIP temperature data for paleoclimate periods - Instrumental observational and observations from reconstructions For panel (c): - Volcanic forcing from TS17, CU12, GRA08 - CMIP6 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with TS17 volcanic forcing - CMIP5 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with CU12 volcanic forcing - CMIP5 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with GRA08 volcanic forcing --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- - panel_a/temperature_anomalies_scatter_points.csv relates to the scatter points and their standard deviation for panel (a) - For panel (b) the datasets are stored as following panel_b/temperature_{color}_{marker}_{period}_{model_group}_{additional_info}.csv and relates to the scatter points for panel (b). - For panel (c) the data is stored in panel_c/gmst_changes_paleo_volcanic_forcings.csv and relates to red, green, blue and black lines on the panel as well as grey shadings. Additional information about data provided in relation to figure in files headers. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. PMIP4 is the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 4 PMIP3 is the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 3 --------------------------------------------------- Temporal Range of Paleoclimate Data --------------------------------------------------- This dataset covers a paleoclimate timespan from 3.3Ma to 6ka (3.3 million years ago to 6 thousand years ago). --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data. --------------------------------------------------- For panel (a) the error bar should be plotted as anomalies from columns 2/4 +/- standard deviation. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.

  • Quaternary QUEST was led by Dr Tim Lenton at UEA, with a team of 10 co-investigators at the Universities of Cambridge, Oxford, Reading, Leeds, Bristol, Southampton and at UEA. This dataset contains FAMOUS (FAst Met Office/UK Universities Simulator) glacial cycle model data from 150,000 years ago to present. The project team aimed to compile a synthesis of palaeodata from sediments and ice cores, improve the synchronization of these records with each other, and use this greater understanding of the Earth’s ancient atmosphere to improve Earth system models simulating climate over very long timescales. A combined long-term data synthesis and modelling approach has helped to constrain some key mechanisms responsible for glacial-interglacial CO2 change, and Quaternary QUEST have narrowed the field of ocean processes that could have caused glacial CO2 drawdown.

  • This dataset contains nitrate and nitric acid simulation data to explore the sensitivity of atmospheric nitrate concentrations to nitric acid uptake rate using the Met Office’s Unified Model. The files are seperated into directories by simulation name - 1. A control simulation with no nitrate aerosol (CNTL); 2. A simulation with NH4·NO3 reaching equilibrium instantaneously (INSTANT); 3. A simulation with the HNO3 uptake rate set to 0.193 (FAST); and 4. A simulation with the HNO3 uptake rate 0.001 (SLOW). All simulations are performed with the Met Office Unified Model (UM or MetUM) in an N96L85 resolution.

  • Airborne atmospheric measurements from core and non-core instrument suites data on board the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft during flight 16 for Co-ordinated Airborne Studies in the Tropics (CAST) project.

  • Airborne atmospheric measurements from core and non-core instrument suites data on board the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft collected for SUMEX-14: Met Office Summer Campaign, 2014 project.

  • Integrated water vapour (IWV) data from the Met Office's GPS instrument located at the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) Radar Facility, Capel Dewi, near Aberystwyth in West Wales. These data are restricted (please use the apply for access link) and made available under the NERC-Met Office agreement.

  • Single-polar products from the Met Office's Predannack C-band rain radar, Cornwall, England. Data include reflectivity and augmented refractivity products from March 2010 and March 2011 respectively. The radar is a C-band (5.3 cm wavelength) radar and data are received by the Nimrod system at 5 minute intervals.

  • The European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment is a European Commission (EC) measurement campaign undertaken in the Northern Hemisphere winter of 1991-92 to study ozone chemistry and dynamics. This dataset contains vertical column measurements of NO2, O4, H2O and O3.

  • Airborne atmospheric measurements from core instrument suite data on board the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft collected for FAAM Aircraft Project project.

  • The ESA Ocean Colour CCI project has produced global level 3 binned multi-sensor time-series of satellite ocean-colour data with a particular focus for use in climate studies. This dataset contains their Version 3.1 inherent optical properties (IOP) product (in mg/m3) on a sinusoidal projection at approximately 4 km spatial resolution and at a number of time resolutions (daily, 5-day, 8-day and monthly composites). Note, the IOP data are also included in the 'All Products' dataset. The inherent optical properties (IOP) dataset consists of the total absorption and particle backscattering coefficients, and, additionally, the fraction of detrital & dissolved organic matter absorption and phytoplankton absorption. The total absorption (units m-1), the total backscattering (m-1), the absorption by detrital and coloured dissolved organic matter, the backscattering by particulate matter, and the absorption by phytoplankton share the same spatial resolution of ~4 km. The values of IOP are reported for the standard SeaWiFS wavelengths (412, 443, 490, 510, 555, 670nm). This data product is on a sinusoidal equal-area grid projection, matching the NASA standard level 3 binned projection. The default number of latitude rows is 4320, which results in a vertical bin cell size of approximately 4 km. The number of longitude columns varies according to the latitude, which permits the equal area property. Unlike the NASA format, where the bin cells that do not contain any data are omitted, the CCI format retains all cells and simply marks empty cells with a NetCDF fill value. (A separate dataset is also available for data on a geographic projection.)