Creation year

1996

29 record(s)
 
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From 1 - 10 / 29
  • An index to the manuscript notebook collection was set up in the 1990's. The notebooks themselves contain detailed information gathered by BGS geologists (or other recognised geologists) from various sources as part of the mapping of Great Britain since the 1840s. Examples include observations linked directly to field slips, borehole logs, sections and drawings. All the notebooks held by National Geological Records Centre (NGRC) are indexed but other notebooks held in the Library may not be included. The index is to the notebooks and is not a detailed index of the information in the notebook. Detailed information from coalfield areas is held in the Happs Hall Index. For the basic field mapping work notebooks have now been replaced by field record sheets.

  • Index data from field note record sheets. These records are produced by BGS geologists as part of the geological mapping process and are written descriptions of localities, or sections, or records of measurements taken in the field. Most are linked to a specific field map. The index was setup in 1999 and covers the whole of Great Britain.

  • Data from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), which used backscattered ultraviolet radiance to infer total column ozone measurements (gridded daily for the entire globe). This 2 CD-ROM set contains the latest version (version 7) of reflectivity data from the TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) instrument onboard the Nimbus 7 spacecraft. Data covering the entire Nimbus 7 TOMS lifetime, November 1, 1978 through May 6, 1993, are given as daily files of gridded data, as zonal means, and as monthly averages. A similar CD-ROM set (OPT_004A and OPT_004B) containing TOMS total ozone values is also currently available. A CD-ROM of version 7 data from the Meteor 3 TOMS instrument (August 1991 - December 1994) will be produced soon.

  • Data from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), which used backscattered ultraviolet radiance to infer total column ozone measurements (gridded daily for the entire globe). This 2 CD-ROM set contains the latest version (version 7) of ozone data from the TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) instrument onboard the Nimbus 7 spacecraft. Data covering the entire Nimbus 7 TOMS lifetime, November 1, 1978 through May 6, 1993, are given as daily files of gridded data, as zonal means, and as monthly averages. Software is included to image the data. For scientific investigators, a similar CD-ROM containing TOMS surface reflectivity values is planned. A CD-ROM of version 7 data from the Meteor 3 TOMS instrument (August 1991 - December 1994) will be produced this summer.

  • The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) is an instrument built and operated by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The instrument uses backscattered ultraviolet radiance to infer total column ozone measurements. The data consists of daily gridded averages of total ozone covering the entire globe. The original Nimbus-7 TOMS operated from November 1978 until May 1993. Meteor-3 TOMS was launched in August 1991 and operated until December 1994. After a gap of one and a half years, two new TOMS instruments began operation in 1996: Earth-Probe TOMS was launched on 2nd July 1996 and started to produce data on 25th July. ADEOS TOMS was launched on 17th August 1996 and started producing data on 11th September. The satellites were originally placed in different orbits, giving complete global coverage with the ADEOS data, while Earth-Probe had complete coverage at the poles with an increased ability to measure UV-absorbing aerosols in the troposphere. ADEOS failed in June 1997 and Earth-Probe was subsequently placed in a higher orbit to give global coverage. On Saturday, december 2, 2006, contact with Earth Probe was lost. There has been no communication with the spacecraft since. The spacecraft is intact and Earth-oriented which mean that it is still operational and maintaining attitude. On Wednesday December 6, the spacecraft was commanded to go to SAFE mode, in which it points at the sun, which will maintain power indefinitely. The spacecraft is now sun-pointing, indicating that the receiver and processor are working. Earth Probe has been operating on its backup transmitter since 1998 when the primary failed. The operations team tried to switching to the zenith antenna in hopes that the problem was the nadir antenna, but still no signal was received. This likely means that the transmitter has failed. At this point the probability of recovering looks poor but the Earth Probe team is still trying. Before contact was lost with Earth Probe, there were calibration problems with EP TOMS and so in the view of the good performance of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on the AURA spacecraft, OMI data of ozone are now available for the entire OMI mission beginning with August 17, 2004 through the most recent data. In addition to ozone data, OMI data for aerosol and reflectivity are available from August 17, 2004; images are available from here.

  • The International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project was established in 1983 under the United Nation's Environmental Programme to promote the use of satellite data for the global land surface data sets needed for climate studies. This CD-ROM set contains the Initiative I data collection. The collection four areas : land cover, hydro-meteorology, radiation, and soils, spanning the 24 month period 1987-1988. All but one are mapped to a common spatial resolution and grid (1 degree x 1 degree). Temporal resolution for most datasets is monthly; however, a few are at a finer resolution (e.g., 6-hourly). The data within the four areas are organized into five groups within this collection: vegetation, Hydrology and Soils, Snow, Ice and Oceans, Radiation and Clouds, and Near-Surface Meteorology. This dataset collection is public. While ISLSCP Inititative I covers 2 years (1987 and 1988), ISLSCP Inititative II spans a 10-year period for 1986 to 1995.

  • The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) is an instrument built and operated by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The instrument uses backscattered ultraviolet radiance to infer total column ozone measurements. The data consists of daily gridded averages of total ozone covering the entire globe. The original Nimbus-7 TOMS operated from November 1978 until May 1993. Meteor-3 TOMS was launched in August 1991 and operated until December 1994. These CDs contain the total ozone and UV radiance data.

  • Data from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), which used backscattered ultraviolet radiance to infer total column ozone measurements (gridded daily for the entire globe). This 2 CD-ROM set contains the latest version (version 7) of reflectivity data from the TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) instrument onboard the Nimbus 7 spacecraft. Data covering the entire Nimbus 7 TOMS lifetime, November 1, 1978 through May 6, 1993, are given as daily files of gridded data, as zonal means, and as monthly averages. A similar CD-ROM set (OPT_004A and OPT_004B) containing TOMS total ozone values is also currently available. A CD-ROM of version 7 data from the Meteor 3 TOMS instrument (August 1991 -December 1994) will be produced soon.

  • Sky images collected by a JVC KYF55-BE digital camera over Sparsholt College, Hampshire. The data were collected from 5th of July 1996 to end of 1997 before the camera was relocated to the main Chilbolton Observatory, Hampshire. See the linked instrument details record (under the Process information) for subsequent data from this instrument.

  • The Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS) is an international programme co-ordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) for the establishment of high quality global and regional sea level networks for application to climate, oceanographic and coastal sea level research. The programme became known as GLOSS as it provides data for deriving the "Global Level Of the Sea Surface"; a smooth level after averaging out waves, tides and short-period meteorological events. The main component of GLOSS is the Global Core Network (GCN) of 308 sea level stations around the world, which are maintained by 87 countries. The GLOSS network has been designed to observe large-scale sea level variations of global implications, and stations were identified at intervals of approximately 1000 km along the continental coasts and on islands, but generally not closer than 500 km. In selecting individual sites, priority is given to gauges which have been functioning for a long period. All gauges are required to aim for an accuracy of 10 mm in level, and 1 minute in time. All must be linked to bench marks against which their datum is checked regularly. This network monitors sea level changes which could be indicative of global warming, ocean circulation patterns, climate variability, etc., and contributes data to global climate research within the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) including the Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA) project, the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) and recent vertical crustal movement studies conducted by the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) and UNESCO (International Geological Correlation Programme (IGCP)). It also provides high quality data for practical applications of national importance. The measurements by GLOSS gauges complement satellite altimetry measurements. GLOSS is considered as an important potential element of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) initiated by IOC with the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO), the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP) and ICSU. The elements of GLOSS are: A global network of permanent sea level stations to obtain standardised sea level observations; this forms the primary network to which regional and national sea level networks can be related; Data collection for international exchange with unified formats and standard procedures which includes both near-real-time as well as delayed mode data collection; Data analysis and product preparation for scientific and/or practical applications; Assistance and training for establishing and maintaining sea level stations as part of GLOSS and improving national sea level networks; A selected set of GLOSS tide-gauge bench marks accurately connected to a global geodetic reference system (i.e. the conventional terrestrial frame established by the International Earth Rotation Service). The Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) collects and archives data from GLOSS stations in the form of monthly mean values, but hourly and daily values are also expected to be made available from all stations by the originators. The GLOSS network consists of 308 sea level stations, which are operated and maintained by 87 countries.