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Zeta potential measurements of the fluorcarbonate mineral parisite-(Ce), under water, supernatant and collector conditions. Zeta potential measurements can be used to indicate the surface behaviour of a mineral under different reagent conditions. Mineral surface behaviour is important in processing and extracting minerals from their host ore, which can be energy intensive. Parisite-(Ce) is a fluorcarbonate mineral which contains rare earth elements. Rare earth elements are important in a wide range of products from iPhones to wind turbines.
This dataset contains data from a river multibeam and seismic survey which took place in 2013 and 2014 at scour sites within the Brahmaputra river basin in Bangladesh. The survey was carried out as part of a joint project between the Universities of Birmingham, Southampton and Exeter. "The sedimentology of fluvial megascours" was a scientific research project funded by NERC. The purpose was to collect the data necessary to validate the first generic numerical model of scour zone stratigraphy that will be widely applicable to a broad range of large rivers. River bed bathymetry data were collected using a multibeam echosounder. Sub bottom seismic profiling data were collected using a surface tow boomer and chirp system. Technical details of the survey are contained in the cruise report of the survey which comprises part of the metadata. Some of the data has been accepted for a publication in the journal 'Sedimentology' which will be published in 2018 with the title 'The Sedimentology of channel confluences'.
Geological observations during field walks, with coordinates, photographs and descriptions of rocks/geological materials and features at the various stops.
This dataset includes the (stable) oxygen and carbon isotopic composition of benthic foraminifer tests (n= 686) and the (radiogenic) isotopic composition of the terrigenous fraction of marine sediments (n= 75), all sampled from Eocene to Oligocene-aged sediments recovered at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 689 and 690 (Maud Rise, Southern Ocean)
Volcanic ash samples were collected and analysed following the 2015 eruption of Calbuco volcano, Chile. Datasets uploaded are: Calbuco2015 Probe Data - excel Calbuco2015 Locations and Grain Size – excel Calbuco Deposit Measurements grl54177-sup-0002-tables3 Published as supplement to A.R. van Eaton et al (2016) Volcanic lightning and plume behavior reveal evolving hazards during the April 2015 eruption of Calbuco volcano, Chile, Geophysical Research Letters 43 (7), 3563-3571 Electron Probe Micro Analysis Major element compositions of plagioclase, groundmass glass and melt inclusions were analysed with a JEOL JXA-8600 wavelength-dispersive electron microprobe (EMP), equipped with four spectrometers, at the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford using a defocused beam (5¿m), low beam current (4nA) and accelerating voltage of 15 kV. Full analytical conditions are detailed in Rawson et al. (2015). Secondary standards used were Gor128-G and StHs/80-G for glass (Jochum et al., 2006). Glass (melt inclusion and groundmass) totals were normalised to 100% to account for variable secondary hydration. Stoichiometry and charge balancing was used to determine the amount of Fe2O3 and FeO in plagioclase. Pyroxene and magnetite grains were analysed with a defocused beam (5¿m), higher beam current (10nA), and an accelerating voltage of 15 kV. Secondary standards used were hornblende (USNM 111356), Pyrope (USNM 1143968) and ilmenite (USNM 96189; (Jarosewich et al., 1980). Stoichiometry and charge balancing was used to determine the amounts of Fe2O3 and FeO, following Droop (1987). Thickness and Grain size analysis Ash fallout thicknesses were measured in the field shortly after deposition, and samples collected for follow-up analysis of grainsize and chemical composition. Grain size analysis was conducted using a Malvern Laser Particle Sizer Mastersizer 2000 at the University of Oxford.
The dataset has been published open-access in Ilyinskaya et al. (2017), Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 472, 309-322 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2017.05.025 This study quantifies the air quality impact of Holuhraun eruption 2014-2015 on populated areas in Iceland. Specifically we trace the evolution of the plume chemistry from the eruption site to 2 key areas of population: Reykjahlid, which is the nearest municipality to Holuhraun at 100 km distance, and Reykjavik capital area, which hosts ~60% of Iceland's population, 250 km distance. This dataset is the full chemical analysis of filter pack samples of volcanic gas and aerosol, including trace species (e.g. heavy metals).
120 samples of 57 tephra layers identified at IODP Expedition 350 sites (U1436 and U1437) were used in grain size analysis. Some layers have one grain size measurement, others have multiple measurements throughout the tephra layer.
Matlab m-file code to generate a probabilistic model of aquifer-body occurrence in the subsurface of the Indo-Gangetic foreland basin, northwestern India. The accompanying ArcGIS ASCII matrix files give aquifer-body percentages in successive 10 m depth slices for use within the model. File xxx_01.txt is for depths 0-10 m, file xxx_02.txt for depths 10-20 m, etc.
These data contain the shear modulus and attenuation of Vermont antigorite serpentinite in the seismic "low" frequency range, as functions of oscillation period (ranging from 1 to 1000s) and temperature during staged cooling from 550 degrees C down to room temperature, at a confining pressure of 200 MPa. This dataset is used and fully described/interpreted in the paper: David, E.C., N. Brantut, L.N. Hansen and I. Jackson, Low-frequency measurements of seismic velocity and attenuation in antigorite serpentinite, submitted to Geophys. Res. Lett.
Annual lamina thickness (microns), lamina count, and age model (Ma, years) for the Early Pleistocene (Lines 1 and 2) and early Holocene speleothems from Buffalo Cave, South Africa. The samples, methods and results are described in full in: Hopley, P. J. et al. (2018) Orbital precession modulates interannual rainfall variability, as recorded in an Early Pleistocene speleothem. Geology. DOI:10.1130/G45019.1