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2020

744 record(s)
 
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  • This dataset contains breakthrough curves of conservative (fluorescein) and reactive (resazurin and resorufin) tracers resulting from instantaneous tracer experiments in a lowland agricultural stream. Breakthrough curves were measured seasonally at four locations within the stream, creating three experimental reaches, in the Wood Brook, Staffordshire from July 2016 to March 2017. Breakthrough curves were measured in-situ using on-line fluorometers configured to measure the excitation of fluorescein, resazurin and resorufin every 10 seconds. The breakthrough curves were measured to determine hydrological metrics of advective transport, transient storage and aerobic respiration. The work was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, UK through a through a Central England NERC Training Alliance Studentship and grant NE/ L004437/1, with additional funding provided by the European Union through the H2020-MSCA-RISE-2016 project 734317. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/5b34d963-d0f0-465e-b395-e955b89e1cd7

  • Gridded land use map of Peninsular Malaysia with a resolution of approximate 25 meters for the year 2018. The map includes nine different classes: 1) non-paddy agriculture, 2) paddy fields, 3) rural residential, 4) urban residential, 5) commercial/institutional, 6) industrial/infrastructure, 7) roads, 8) urban and 9) others. The land use map was created as part of the project “Malaysia - Flood Impact Across Scales”. The project is funded under the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund ‘Understanding of the Impacts of Hydrometeorological Hazards in South East Asia’ call. The grant was jointly awarded by the Natural Environment Research Council and the MYPAIR Scheme under the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/36df244e-11c8-44bc-aa9b-79427123c42c

  • These data files represent simulations of hydrated cation vacancies in the mantle mineral forsterite (Mg2SiO4) undertaken using the CASTEP atomic scale simulation code (http://www.castep.org/). Results from these simulations allow the structure relative stability of different defect configurations to be compared. Three types of cation vacancies are considered (M1, M2 and Si) each decorated by hydrogen in order to charge balance the system. For M1 and M2 this results in multiple configurations (with hydrogen bonded to different oxygen atoms around the vacant site). For Si there is only one configuration as all four oxygen atoms are bonded to hydrogen for the charge neutral defect. For each configuration input files detail the initial atomic structure of the defect along with simulation parameters. Output files record the progress of the simulation, the final atomic structure, the energy of this structure, and various predicted properties of the structure. Only ASCII output data is included as binary data created by CASTEP is not intended to be portable, and can easily be recreated using the ASCII files.

  • Shallow overland flows in steady state can become unstable and break up into destructive surges. The following data documents maximum growth rates for disturbances to uniform steady flows on a fixed slope in a one-dimensional shallow-layer model that incorporates the mechanics of erosion and deposition of monodisperse sediment, documented in sections 2 and 4 of the following freely available preprint: https://arxiv.org/abs/2007.15989. The data comprises the following 4 columns, separated by spaces: grain diameter, Froude number, solid fraction and maximum growth rate. Grain diameter refers to the characteristic diameter of erodible particles, non-dimensionalised by the steady flow depth h0. Froude number, Fr, is a dimensionless constant defined as Fr = u0 / sqrt(h0 * g'), where u0 is the velocity of the steady flow and g' is gravitational acceleration resolved perpendicular to the slope. Solid fraction is a number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of solid particles in the flowing mixture. A solid fraction of 0 denotes a purely fluid flow and a solid fraction of 1 denotes a saturated mixture containing a maximum packing of solid particles. Maximum growth rate refers to the largest linear growth rate for perturbations to a uniform flowing layer with the corresponding properties given in the prior 3 columns. The model formulation describes the dynamics of 4 unknown observables: flow height, flow velocity, solids concentration and bed height. By taking the 'maximum' in this case, we mean the maximum over these 4 flow fields that may be perturbed by an environmental disturbance and also the maximum over all possible wavelengths of disturbance. We note that in this dataset, flows with a maximum growth rate equal to zero or small positive values (e.g. up to machine precision) are stable; flows with strictly positive growth rate are unstable. Zero growth rate indicates that the maximum growth rate is given by a neutrally stable perturbation and such perturbations always exist for reasons of symmetry in the model. For each grain diameter and Froude number in the dataset, there exist two steady uniform states with different solid fractions. Therefore two files are supplied - one containing data for the more dilute states and the other containing data for the more concentrated states. These various technical details, as well as full documentation of the model and the parameters used are explained more fully in the aforementioned paper.

  • Whole rock and sediment geochemical data covering a range of elements, where values are given in ppm (parts per million) or as a % (percentage). The data is ordered chronologically in an excel spreadsheet and each sample is given a ‘Sample ID’, ‘Lithology’, ‘Locality’, ‘Age’ and ‘Date analysed’, followed by whole rock and sediment values for the following elements; Ag, Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, Ga, Ge, Hf, Hg, In, K, La, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Ni, P, Pb, Pd, Pt, Rb, Re, S, Sb, Sc, Se, Sn, Sr, Ta, Te, Th, Ti, TI, U, V, W, Y, Zn, Zr. Cells which are highlighted orange signify that the value given was below the detection limit. The values in orange cells have been halved to maintain spreadsheet functionality (i.e. to remove ‘<’ symbols). Cells which have been highlighted blue signify that the value given was above the detection limit. ALS method:ME-MS41L (https://www.alsglobal.com/en/services-and-products/geochemistry/geochemistry-testing-and-analysis/whole-rock-analysis-and-lithogeochemistry) . The majority of the samples included in this data were collected in the UK, but, where appropriate, samples out with the UK were included. The majority of the data was collected from 2014 to 2019. Whole rock and sediment samples were analysed by solution ICP-MS. Samples of ~30 g were individually milled and homogenised, and 0.5 g were digested with aqua regia in a graphite heating block. The residue was diluted with deionised water (18 M¿ cm), mixed, and analysed using a Varian 725 instrument at ALS Minerals (Loughrea; method ID: ME-MS41L). This data was collected to better understand the low temperature cycling of Telurium (Te) and Sellenium (Se) in the geological environment. For example, a range of ochre samples were included in this database. Ochres are a modern precipitate commonly found in rivers and streams which flow through geographical areas with a history of mining resources which are rich in sulphides. Iron from the sulphides are leached out and deposited downstream, coating river and stream beds, giving a red, yellow or orange colouration. Ochres can be a sink for trace metals, so analysing the abundances of these can be informative from a resource perspective but also from an environmental hazard perspective. This would be useful for researchers who require reference data for whole rock and sediment data of a particular lithology or age. This data is was collected by, but not limited to the following individuals; John Parnell, Sam Spinks, Josef Armstrong, Liam A Bullock, Magali Perez, Xueying Wang & Connor Brolly.

  • The file contain data for local meteorology , soil and cave temperatures and groundwater drip rates measured in sea Michaels and Ragged Staff caves, Gibraltar. Meteorological data were recorded at the RAF Meteorological Office located 3 km away from the cave. The locations of environmental monitoring sites are described in Mattey et al. (2010) The cave monitoring, sampling and analysis program obtained data via continuous logging. Reference. MATTEY, D.P., Fairchild, I.J., Atkinson, T.C., Latin, J.P., Ainsworth, M., Durell, R., 2010. Seasonal microclimate control of calcite fabrics, stable isotopes and trace elements in modern speleothem from St Michaels Cave, Gibraltar, In Tufa and Speleothem pp. 323-344.

  • The three-component data are downloaded from CDSN and processed with instrument response removed. The data coverages include sampling in the East Asia, southwest and northwest Pacific.

  • This dataset contains a summary of the weekly volumetric output of pumps monitored using Smart Handpump sensors for 2014 and 2015. Grants that permitted the data collection include: Groundwater Risk Management for Growth and Development project (NE/M008894/1) funded by NERC/ESRC/DFID’s UPGro programme; New mobile citizens and waterpoint sustainability in rural Africa (ES/J018120/1) ESRC-DFID; Groundwater Risks and Institutional Responses for Poverty Reduction in Rural Africa (NE/L001950/1) funded by NERC/ESRC/DFID’s UPGro programme Notes: 1. The accuracy of these volume figures should be considered to be +/- 20%. 2. The dataset has gaps due to variable signal, and some attrition due to damage and vandalism. 3. Not all pumps in the study area were under monitoring. References: [1] P. Thomson, R. Hope, and T. Foster, “GSM-enabled remote monitoring of rural handpumps: a proof-of-concept study,” Journal of Hydroinformatics, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 829–839, 05 2012. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.2166/hydro.2012.183 [2] Behar, J., Guazzi, A., Jorge, J., Laranjeira, S., Maraci, M.A., Papastylianou, T., Thomson, P., Clifford, G.D. and Hope, R.A., 2013. Software architecture to monitor handpump performance in rural Kenya. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries, Ochos Rios, Jamaica. pp. 978 (Vol. 991).

  • NERC Grant NE/M011488/1 Electron microprobe analyses of Fe-oxide and Fe-oxyhydroxide phases as elemental percentages per point analysis. The phases were within limonites from Acoje (Philippines), Caldag (Turkey), Nkamouna (Cameroon), Piaui (Brazil) and Shevchenko (Kazakhstan) laterite deposits. The data were acquired during the NERC SoS Minerals CoG3 project between 2015 and 2018 using a Cameca SX100 electron microprobe at the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Point analyses were performed on samples set within epoxy resin blocks, polished and coated with carbon. All elements were analysed using wavelength dispersive X-ray spectrometers. These data were used to identify the Co and Ni bearing host minerals within each natural resource and to assess the amount and variability of these elements within specific Fe-oxide or Fe-oxyhydroxide phases. This may be useful within the mining sector, resource assessment, processing or prospecting, geo- or material scientists and processing engineers / metallurgists. The data were acquired in the Core Research Laboratories, Natural History Museum by the NHM CoG3 team. NERC grant: CoG3: The geology, geometallurgy and geomicrobiology of cobalt resources leading to new product streams

  • The concentration of both L and D amino acid isomers was determined by HPLC (High-performance liquid chromatography) for multiple amino acids. 30 samples of proboscidean enamel were taken from the collections at BGS. Samples of enamel (~30 mg) was removed from the teeth of proboscideans using a small electric drill. All of the samples were from UK sites dating to the Quaternary. These samples were used to build a regional geochronology based on the extent of racemisation of amino acids from the intra-crystalline fraction (Dickinson, 2018). Thesis http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/22261. A published paper 'A new method for enamel amino acid racemization dating: A closed system approach' is also available; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2018.11.005