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  • River elevation and catchment area data for major rivers in Calabria, Italy (one river profile in each file). Data were extracted from 1 arc second SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) Digital Elevation Models using the Arc GIS hydrology toolbox between October 2015 and October 2019. These river profiles were acquired for fluvial inversion to calculate rock uplift in Calabria.

  • The borehole information pack from borehole GGA06r, site 02 of the UK Geoenergy Observatories (UKGEOS) Glasgow facility. This release from the British Geological Survey (BGS) contains BGS and Drillers’ logs, a listing of archived rock chips and a descriptive report. The environmental baseline characterisation and monitoring borehole was drilled between 3rd July and 2nd August 2019 (start of drilling to casing installation date) to 16 m drilled depth. The cased borehole was hydrogeologically tested in January 2020. Rock chip samples were taken during the drilling process and have been archived at the National Geological Repository at BGS Keyworth. Further details can be found in the accompanying report DOI

  • Electronic Supplementary Material: "Event trees and epistemic uncertainty in long-term volcanic hazard assessment of rift volcanoes: the example of Aluto (Central Ethiopia)", by Tierz, P., Clarke, B., Calder, E. S., Dessalegn, F., Lewi, E., Yirgu, G., Fontijn, K., Crummy, J. M., and Loughlin, S. C., submitted to Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. The datasets contain volcanological data on analogue (i.e. similar) volcanoes of Aluto volcano (Ethiopia), including conditional probabilities of eruption size, number of eruptions with specific volcanic phenomena reported and values of volcano analogy calculated using the VOLCano ANalogues Search tool (VOLCANS, Tierz et al., 2019, These type of data can be used to parameterise event tree models (e.g. Newhall and Hoblitt, 2002,; Marzocchi et al., 2010, and, thus, quantify volcanic hazard at a particular volcano of interest, including the relevant sources of uncertainty. The production of the datasets was supported by the UK Natural Environment Research Council project: Rift Volcanism: Past, Present and Future (RiftVolc). Grant NE/L013460/1.

  • Multibeam bathymetric Echosounder (MBES) and Sparker seismic acquired August 2019. NSFGEO-NERC Grant: Tsunamis from large volume eruptions

  • Data are distances (in cm) to water measured by an experimental near-infrared lidar sensor in six different setups (2017–9). Laboratory tests conducted at Imperial College London include quantifying the effect of (i) distance, (ii) sensor inclination, (iii) turbidity/clarity of the water, and (iv) ambient temperature on measurement bias. Outdoor tests at three locations in London interrogated the effect of varying water surface roughness on the measurements. A dataset of high-frequency measurements is also included, from which the effects of sample autocorrelation were interrogated.

  • This summary borehole information release is for ‘as-built’ mine water and environmental baseline monitoring boreholes of the UK Geoenergy Observatories (UKGEOS) Glasgow facility at Cuningar Loop. The information pack from BGS contains a brief report with summary tables of locations, drilled depths, screened intervals and illustrative interpretations, and is accompanied with a spreadsheet and shapefile of the borehole locations and drilled depths. The purpose is to give potential users of the Glasgow Observatory an outline of the as-built infrastructure including condition of the target mine workings, as a summary of the more detailed information packs for each borehole. This dataset was updated in June 2020. Further details can be found in the accompanying report

  • The partitioning coefficients of water between iron and silicate melts at 20, 50, 90 and 135 gigapascals (corresponding to 2800, 3500, 3900 and 4200 kelvin) were calculated by using ab initio molecular dynamics and thermodynamic integration techniques. The Gibbs free energy of a series of iron and silicate melts with different concentrations of H2/H2O were calculated. Then the chemical potentials of H2/H2O were derived from the concentration dependent Gibbs free energies at each pressure temperature. The partitioning coefficients can be calculated by equating the chemical potential of H2/H2O in iron and silicate melts. The Weeks-Chandler-Andersen (WCA) system with established thermodynamics was used as the reference.

  • NERC Grant NE/M011488/1 Electron microprobe analyses of Fe-oxide and Fe-oxyhydroxide phases as elemental percentages per point analysis. The phases were within limonites from Acoje (Philippines), Caldag (Turkey), Nkamouna (Cameroon), Piaui (Brazil) and Shevchenko (Kazakhstan) laterite deposits. The data were acquired during the NERC SoS Minerals CoG3 project between 2015 and 2018 using a Cameca SX100 electron microprobe at the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Point analyses were performed on samples set within epoxy resin blocks, polished and coated with carbon. All elements were analysed using wavelength dispersive X-ray spectrometers. These data were used to identify the Co and Ni bearing host minerals within each natural resource and to assess the amount and variability of these elements within specific Fe-oxide or Fe-oxyhydroxide phases. This may be useful within the mining sector, resource assessment, processing or prospecting, geo- or material scientists and processing engineers / metallurgists. The data were acquired in the Core Research Laboratories, Natural History Museum by the NHM CoG3 team. NERC grant: CoG3: The geology, geometallurgy and geomicrobiology of cobalt resources leading to new product streams

  • Magnetotelluric data for the Halloween 2003 magnetic storm in the vicinity of Uppsala (UPS), Sweden and Eskdalemuir (ESK), Scotland geomagnetic observatories synthesized from geomagnetic observatory data from INTERMAGNET. The data were generated to facilitate comparison of the ground effects of the Halloween 2003 magnetic storm in Sweden and Scotland. The data demonstrate the greater risk of hazardous storm-time electric fields being generated in southern Sweden compared to central Scotland and are further described in the gold open access paper: F. Simpson and K. Bahr, 2020a. The role of tectonic-plate thickness and mantle conductance in determining regional vulnerability to extreme space weather events: possible enhancement of magnetic source fields by secondary induction in the asthenosphere. Space Weather, accepted, doi pending. The synthesis technique that enables electric fields to be estimated from geomagnetic observatory data is described and validated in the following gold open access papers: F. Simpson and K. Bahr, 2020b. Nowcasting and validating Earth's electric field response to extreme space weather events using magnetotelluric data: application to the September 2017 geomagnetic storm and comparison to observed and modelled fields in Scotland, Space Weather, 18, e2019SW002432, F. Simpson and K. Bahr, 2020c. Estimating the electric field response to the Halloween 2003 and September 2017 magnetic storms across Scotland using observed geomagnetic fields, magnetotelluric impedances and perturbation tensors, JSWSC, swsc200019, 10, (48),

  • This document is the drillers log of strata encountered during site investigation work. The log was made in the field during drilling at Prees, Shropshire on 8th to 10th January 2020. The log includes basic information on lithology and drilling equipment used and depths of the individual core runs.