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  • This dataset contains model data for CCMI-2022 experiment refD1 produced by the NIWA-UKCA2 chemistry-climate model run by the modelling team at NIWA (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research) in New Zealand. The refD1 experiment is a hindcast of the atmospheric state, using a prescribed evolution of sea surface temperature and sea ice from observations along with forcings for the extra-terrestrial solar flux, long-lived greenhouse gases and ozone depleting substances, stratospheric aerosols and an imposed quasi-biennial oscillation that approximate the observed variations over the historical period to the fullest extent possible. The CCMI-2022 Chemistry-climate model initiative is a set of model experiments focused on the stratosphere, with the goals of providing updated projections towards the future evolution of the ozone layer and improving our understanding of chemistry-climate interactions from models. ------------------------------------------ Sources of additional information ------------------------------------------ The following web links are provided in the Details/Docs section of this catalogue record: - Review of the global models used within phase 1 of the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) - A new set of Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) Community Simulations to Update the Assessment of Models and Support Upcoming Ozone Assessment Activities, David Plummer and Tatsuya Nagashima and Simone Tilmes and Alex Archibald and Gabriel Chiodo and Suvarna Fadnavis and Hella Garny and Beatrice Josse and Joowan Kim and Jean-Francois Lamarque and Olaf Morgenstern and Lee Murray and Clara Orbe and Amos Tai and Martyn Chipperfield and Bernd Funke and Martin Juckes and Doug Kinnison and Markus Kunze and Beiping Luo and Katja Matthes and Paul A. Newman and Charlotte Pascoe and Thomas Peter (2021), SPARC Newsletter, volume 57, pp 22-30

  • Data from the GSFC (Goddard Space Flight Centre) GEOSCCM model simulations, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the CCMI-1 reference experiments ref-C1 and ref-C2. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions.