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The UK Universities Global Atmospheric Modelling Programme (UGAMP) ozone climatology project. This dataset contains a 3-dimensional climatology of ozone monthly means, combining various satellite observations and ozone sonde data. The data are global and covers 1985. Each file contains a ligne of text followed by the variable itself, in free format. Every single three-dimensional field var is stored as (((var(i, j, k), i=1, 144), j=1, 73), k=1, 47) where i is the longitude index (from 0°E to 357.5°E by 2.5°); j is the latitude index (from South Pole to North Pole by 2.5°); k is the level index (from top to bottom). Every two-dimensional field (zonal means) is stored as ((var(j, k), j=1, 73), k=1, 47) with the same conventions as above.
CCMVal was a large international effort to improve understanding of Chemistry-Climate Models (CCMs) and their underlying GCMs (General Circulation Models) through process-oriented evaluation, along with discussion and coordinated analysis of science results. The first round of CCMVal (CCMVal-1) evaluated only a limited set of key processes in the CCMs, focusing mainly on dynamics and transport. This dataset contains SOCOL model output from the REF1 simulations experiment run by the Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos (PMOD/WRC) and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ), Switzerland.
The Meteorological Research Flight (MRF) was a Met Office facility, which flew a well-instrumented C-130 Hercules aircraft for atmospheric research purposes. This dataset contains airborne atmospheric and chemistry measurements taken on board the Met Office C-130 Hercules aircraft flight A753 for the Atmospheric Chemistry and Transport of Ozone in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere (UTLS) (ACTO) campaign. The flight was located over the Irish sea. The purpose of the flight was to investigate further the various filaments of air that were sampled in flight A752. That is polluted air, having origins in the Mediterranean region; clean marine boundary layer air; ozone-rich, dry upper tropospheric air (from upper tropospheric jet) and also polluted boundary layer air, which has been uplifted from N. America. The region should be very structured having many different characteristics. The filaments of air were expected to be aligned zonally, sloping downwards to the North. The flight was successful in that some of the filaments were found. However, the filaments were not found in the expected area. During a level hold at FL160 (for air traffic) and at the beginning of the first run at FL170 (NOxy calibrations), a dry ozone-rich filament was sampled. Later during the same run, air with moderately high ozone (around 70 ppb), high relative humidity and elevated peroxide was observed. At the subsequent level (FL240) ozone mixing ratios were generally lower (around 45-50 ppb) and the CN count was elevated (2500). However, during the turn at ca. 12:10 on FL240 (SE corner of the flight), another dry, ozone-rich filament was found. A further filament was expected to the North but this was not found. Towards the end of the flight further investigations were made at FL170, in order to try to find the first area of high ozone air (i.e. the air that was sampled during the first NOxy cal run). This air was found but interestingly, the ozone-rich dry air also correlated with high PAN and black carbon. The instruments generally worked well. The FWVS was adjusted in flight and then found to maintain a good correlation with the GE. Neither the CO nor the HCHO were flown due to previously existing faults. There was a problem with the peroxide pump but this was not until the end of the flight. Meteorology The meteorological situation was dominated by high pressure, centred to the north of Scotland. The south of the country was in a more showery regime. However, not much cloud was observed during flight: small cumulus, broken stratocumulus and some cirrus, were observed at times.
The UK Universities Global Atmospheric Modelling Programme (UGAMP) ozone climatology project. This dataset contains a 3-dimensional climatology of ozone monthly means, combining various satellite observations and ozone sonde data. The data are global and covers 1988. Each file contains a ligne of text followed by the variable itself, in free format. Every single three-dimensional field var is stored as (((var(i, j, k), i=1, 144), j=1, 73), k=1, 47) where i is the longitude index (from 0°E to 357.5°E by 2.5°); j is the latitude index (from South Pole to North Pole by 2.5°); k is the level index (from top to bottom). Every two-dimensional field (zonal means) is stored as ((var(j, k), j=1, 73), k=1, 47) with the same conventions as above.
MOHMAT, (Met Office Historical Marine Air Temperature) is a gridded dataset of marine air temperature anomalies covering the period 1856-2006. The current version of the dataset is MOHMAT4, which is described in reference below (under Doc tab). MOHMAT is produced by taking in-situ measurements of MAT from ships and buoys, rejecting measurements which fail quality checks, converting the measurements to anomalies by subtracting climatological values from the measurements, and averaging the resulting anomalies on a 5 by 5 degree monthly grid. Note that only night-time data are used, because day-time data are corrupted by heat island effects. Up to 1996 the measurements used are those in the U.K. Marine Data Bank; more recent years use data coming in through the GTS. MOHMAT is no longer updated. After gridding the anomalies, bias corrections are applied to remove spurious trends caused by changes in ship deck heights and various unusual operational practices, and the data are smoothed to reduce noise. The data are provided by the Met Office.
The UK daily temperature data describe maximum and minimum temperatures (air, grass and concrete slab) measured over a period of up to 24 hours. The measurements are recorded by observation stations across the UK and transmitted within NCM or DLY3208 or AWSDLY messages. The data span from 1853 to present.
Evaluation of the Ozone and Water Vapour Datasets of the 40-Year European Re-analysis of the Global Atmosphere Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) Round 2 project led by Prof. A. O Neill, Dr W. Lahoz and Prof. B. Hoskins, Centre for Global Atmospheric Modelling, Department of Meteorology, University of Reading. This dataset contains comparisons between the ERA40 ozone field output and measurements from the MOZAIC research aircraft instrumentation and the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) and Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) instruments on board the Upper Air Research Satellite (UARS).
The SAM II instrument, aboard the Earth-orbiting Nimbus 7 spacecraft, was designed to measure solar irradiance attenuated by aerosol particles in the Arctic and Antarctic stratosphere. This dataset collection contains 14 years of polar Arctic and Antarctic aerosol extinction profiles, atmospheric temperature and pressure data obtained from the Stratospheric Aerosol Instrument II (SAM II) on the NIMBUS 7 satellite.
The Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition (AASE) which was based in Stavanger, Norway during January and February, 1989, was designed to study the production and loss mechanisms of ozone in the north polar stratospheric environment, and the effect on ozone distribution of the Arctic polar vortex and of the cold temperatures associated with the formation of Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSC). This dataset contains measurements of chemical and dynamical parameters collected onboard the NASA ER-2 (for example, ClO, BrO, HCl, O3, NOx, N2, HNO3 and CH4, whole air samples and aerosol measurements).
A Vaisala Radian LAP3000 915MHz wind profiler has been permanently located at the Met Office's Camborne field site and operational since 1998. This was the first profiler of its type to be installed in the UK and is an integral part of the Met Office's UK "Operational Upper Air Network." Operating at 915 Mhz, it provides high resolution wind information from just above the surface (around 300m) up to a maximum of 8 km, depending on the atmospheric conditions. The site is located at 50.130 N, 5.1 W and a height of 88 m above mean sea-level and has a WMO id of 03807. The instrument's height resolution is 60/200 m depending on the operational mode. It has a beam angle of 15.0 degrees and is operated with an averaging period of 30 minutes. This dataset contains vertical wind profiles from the Vaisala Radian LAP3000 915MHz wind profiler located at Camborne.