Data are CF-compliant netCDF formatted
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This dataset contains carbon dioxide and water vapour concentration measurements from the University of Leeds' LI-COR LI-7500 open path gas analyser mounted on board the Swedish Icebreaker Oden durning Arctic Cloud Summer Expedition (ACSE). ACSE took place in the Arctic during summer 2014. These measurements were used to complement a suite of other observations taken during the cruise. Those of the UK contribution, as well as selected other data, are available within the associated data collection in the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) archives. Other cruise data may be available in the NOAA ACSE and The Bolin Centre for Climate Research SWERUS (SWEdish-Russian-US) holdings - see online resources linked to this record. The instrument's sensing head was located on the foremast of Icebreaker Oden, approximately 1 m forward of the sonic anemometer. Note the LiCOR LI-7500 CO2 data are generally not suitable for flux measurements at sea. Only the water vapour signal has been used for flux analysis. Data times were truncated to match those from the sonic anemometer and the internal lag was corrected for. Users should also note that the instrument's temperature and pressure measurements are made inside the interface box. Temperature is thus likely to be high due to solar heating of box, and pressure will be biased low (box is ~3 m below sensor) and may be subject to dynamic pressure fluctuations resulting from airflow around pressure inlet. Measurements are made at 20 Hz frequency. The Arctic Cloud Summer Expedition (ACSE) was a collaboration between the University of Leeds, the University of Stockholm, and NOAA-CIRES. ACSE aimed to study the response of Arctic boundary layer cloud to changes in surface conditions in the Arctic Ocean as a working package of the larger Swedish-Russian-US Investigation of Climate, Cryosphere and Carbon interaction (SWERUS-C3) Expedition in Summer 2014. This expedition was a core component to the overall SWERUS-C3 programme and was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat. ACSE took place during a 3-month cruise of the Swedish Icebreaker Oden from Tromso, Norway to Barrow, Alaska and back over the summer of 2014. During this cruise ACSE scientists measured surface turbulent exchange, boundary layer structure, and cloud properties. Many of the measurements used remote sensing approaches - radar, lidar, and microwave radiometers - to retrieve vertical profiles of the dynamic and microphysical properties of the lower atmosphere and cloud. The UK participation of ACSE was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, grant: NE/K011820/1) and involved instrumentation from the Atmospheric Measurement Facility of the UK's National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS AMF). This dataset collection contains data mainy from the UK contribution with some additional data from other institutes also archived to complement the suite of meteorological measurements.
ERA-Interim is the latest European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) global atmospheric reanalysis of the period 1979 to August 2019. This follows on from the ERA-15 and ERA-40 re-analysis projects. The dataset includes monthly mean of daily mean pressure level data on a reduced N256 Gaussian grid.