Data are in NetCDF format
Type of resources
Contact for the resource
Part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project and the Climate Research Data Package Number 3 (CRDP#3), the WFMD XCO2 SCIAMACHY product comprises a level 2, column-averaged dry-air mole fraction (mixing ratio) for carbon dioxide (CO2). The product has been produced using data acquired from the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) on board the European Space Agency's environmental research satellite ENVISAT. This product has been derived using the Weighting Function Modified DOAS (WFM-DOAS) algorithm, a least-squares method based on scaling pre-selected atmospheric vertical profiles. Note that this has been designated as an 'alternative' algorithm for the GHG CCI, and another XCO2 product has also been generated from the SCIAMACHY data using the baseline algorithm (the Bremen Optimal Estimation DOAS (BESD) algorithm). It is advised that users who aren't sure whether to use the baseline or alternative product use the product generated with the BESD baseline algorithm. For more information regarding the differences between baseline and alternative algorithms please see the GHG-CCI data products webpage provided in the documentation section. The data product is stored per day in seperate NetCDF-files (NetCDF-4 classic model). The product files contain the key products, i.e. the retrieved column-averaged dry air mole fractions for XCO2, several other useful parameters and additional information relevant to using the data e.g. the averaging kernels. For further information on the product, including details of the WFMD algorithm, the SCIAMACHY instrument and issues associated with the data please see the associated product user guide (PUG) or the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents in the documentation section. The GHG-CCI team encourage all users of their products to register with them to receive information on any updates or issues regarding the data products and to receive notification of new product releases. To register, please use the following link: http://www.iup.uni-bremen.de/sciamachy/NIR_NADIR_WFM_DOAS/CRDP_REG/
This dataset contains monthly-averaged land surface temperatures (LSTs) and their uncertainty estimates from the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR) on Sentinel 3A. Satellite land surface temperatures are skin temperatures, which means, for example, the temperature of the ground surface in bare soil areas, the temperature of the canopy over forests, and a mix of the soil and leaf temperature over sparse vegetation. The skin temperature is an important variable when considering surface fluxes of, for instance, heat and water. Daytime and night-time temperatures are provided in separate files corresponding to the morning and evening Sentinel-3A equator crossing times which are 10:00 and 22:00 local solar time. Per pixel uncertainty estimates are given in two forms, first, an estimate of the total uncertainty for the pixel and second, a breakdown of the uncertainty into components by correlation length. Also provided in the files, on a per pixel basis, are the observation time, the satellite viewing and solar geometry angles, a quality flag, and land cover class. The dataset coverage is global over the land surface. LSTs are provided on a global equal angle grid at a resolution of 0.01° longitude and 0.01° latitude. SLSTRA achieves full Earth coverage in 1 day so the daily files have gaps where the surface is not covered by the satellite swath during day or night on that day. Furthermore, LSTs are not produced where clouds are present since under these circumstances the IR radiometer observes the cloud top which is usually much colder than the surface. Dataset coverage starts on 1st May 2016 and ends on 31st December 2020. There are minor interruptions (1-10 days) during satellite/instrument maintenance periods or instrument anomalies. The dataset was produced by the University of Leicester (UoL) and LSTs were retrieved using the (UoL) LST retrieval algorithm and data were processed in the UoL processing chain. The dataset was produced as part of the ESA Land Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative which strives to improve satellite datasets to Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) standards.
This dataset provides a Climate Data Record of Sea Ice Thickness for the northern hemisphere polar region, derived from the RA-2 (Radar Altimeter -2) instrument on the Envisat satellite. This product was generated in the context of the ESA Climate Change Initiative Programme (ESA CCI) by the Sea Ice CCI (Sea_Ice_cci) project. It provides daily sea ice thickness data for the winter months of October to April annually on the satellite measurement grid (Level 2P) at the full sensor resolution for the period October 2002 to March 2012.
These ancillary datasets were used in the production of the "Active", "Passive" and "Combined" soil moisture data products, created as part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Soil Moisture Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The set of ancillary datasets include datasets of Average Vegetation Optical Depth data from AMSR-E, Soil Porosity, Topographic Complexity and Wetland fraction, as well as a Land Mask. This version of the ancillary datasets were used in the production of the v03.2 Soil Moisture CCI data. The "Active" "Passive" and "Combined" soil moisture products which they were used in the development of are fusions of scatterometer and radiometer soil moisture products, derived from the AMI-WS, ASCAT, SMMR, SSM/I, TMI, AMSR-E, WindSat, AMSR2 and SMOS satellite instruments. To access these products or for further details on them please see their dataset records. Additional reference documents and information relating to them can also be found on the CCI Soil Moisture project website. Soil moisture CCI data should be cited using all three of the following references: 1. Dorigo, W.A., Wagner, W., Albergel, C., Albrecht, F., Balsamo, G., Brocca, L., Chung, D., Ertl, M., Forkel, M., Gruber, A., Haas, E., Hamer, D. P. Hirschi, M., Ikonen, J., De Jeu, R. Kidd, R. Lahoz, W., Liu, Y.Y., Miralles, D., Lecomte, P. (2017). ESA CCI Soil Moisture for improved Earth system understanding: State-of-the art and future directions. In Remote Sensing of Environment, 2017, ISSN 0034-4257, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2017.07.001 2. Gruber, A., Dorigo, W. A., Crow, W., Wagner W. (2017). Triple Collocation-Based Merging of Satellite Soil Moisture Retrievals. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP. 1-13. 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2734070 3. Liu, Y.Y., Dorigo, W.A., Parinussa, R.M., de Jeu, R.A.M. , Wagner, W., McCabe, M.F., Evans, J.P., van Dijk, A.I.J.M. (2012). Trend-preserving blending of passive and active microwave soil moisture retrievals, Remote Sensing of Environment, 123, 280-297, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.03.014
Part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Greenhouse Gases (GHG), the XCO2 EMMA product comprises a level 2, column-averaged dry-air mole fraction (mixing ratio) for carbon dioxide (CO2). The product has been produced by applying the ensemble median algorithm EMMA to level 2 data of 7 XCO2 retrievals from the Japanese Greenhouse gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) and the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) on board the European Space Agency's environmental research satellite ENVISAT. This is therefore a merged SCIAMACHY and GOSAT XCO2 Level 2 product, primarily used as a comparison tool to assess the level of agreement / disagreement of the various input products (for model-independent global comparison, i.e. for comparisons not restricted to TCCON validation sites and independent of global model data). This version of the product covers 4 years. For further information on the product and the EMMA algorithm please see the EMMA website, the GHG-CCI Data Products webpage or the Product Validation and Intercomparison Report (PVIR) in the documentation section. The GHG-CCI team encourage all users of their products to register with them to receive information on any updates or issues regarding the data products and to receive notification of new product releases. To register, please use the following link: http://www.iup.uni-bremen.de/sciamachy/NIR_NADIR_WFM_DOAS/CRDP_REG/
This dataset contains the Lakes Essential Climate Variable, which is comprised of processed satellite observations at the global scale, over the period 1992-2020, for over 2000 inland water bodies. This dataset was produced by the European Space Agency (ESA) Lakes Climate Change Initiative (Lakes_cci) project. For more information about the Lakes_cci please visit the project website. This is version 2.0 of the dataset. The five thematic climate variables included in this dataset are: • Lake Water Level (LWL), derived from satellite altimetry, is fundamental to understand the balance between water inputs and water loss and their connection with regional and global climate change. • Lake Water Extent (LWE), modelled from the relation between LWL and high-resolution spatial extent observed at set time-points, describes the areal extent of the water body. This allows the observation of drought in arid environments, expansion in high Asia, or impact of large-scale atmospheric oscillations on lakes in tropical regions for example. . • Lake Surface Water temperature (LSWT), derived from optical and thermal satellite observations, is correlated with regional air temperatures and is informative about vertical mixing regimes, driving biogeochemical cycling and seasonality. • Lake Ice Cover (LIC), determined from optical observations, describes the freeze-up in autumn and break-up of ice in spring, which are proxies for gradually changing climate patterns and seasonality. • Lake Water-Leaving Reflectance (LWLR), derived from optical satellite observations, is a direct indicator of biogeochemical processes and habitats in the visible part of the water column (e.g. seasonal phytoplankton biomass fluctuations), and an indicator of the frequency of extreme events (peak terrestrial run-off, changing mixing conditions). Data generated in the Lakes_cci are derived from multiple satellite sensors including: TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason, ENVISAT, SARAL, Sentinel 2-3, Landsat OLI, ERS, MODIS Terra/Aqua and Metop. Detailed information about the generation and validation of this dataset is available from the Lakes_cci documentation available on the project website.
The ESA Ocean Colour CCI project has produced global level 3 binned multi-sensor time-series of satellite ocean-colour data with a particular focus for use in climate studies. This dataset contains the Version 4.0 Kd490 attenuation coefficient (m-1) for downwelling irradiance product on a sinusoidal projection at approximately 4 km spatial resolution and at a number of time resolutions (daily, 5-day, 8-day and monthly composites). It is computed from the Ocean Colour CCI Version 4.0 inherent optical properties dataset at 490 nm and the solar zenith angle. Note, these data are also contained within the 'All Products' dataset. This data product is on a sinusoidal equal-area grid projection, matching the NASA standard level 3 binned projection. The default number of latitude rows is 4320, which results in a vertical bin cell size of approximately 4 km. The number of longitude columns varies according to the latitude, which permits the equal area property. Unlike the NASA format, where the bin cells that do not contain any data are omitted, the CCI format retains all cells and simply marks empty cells with a NetCDF fill value. (A separate dataset is also available for data on a geographic projection).
This data set is part of the ESA Sea Ice Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The dataset provides sea ice concentration (SIC) for the Antarctic region, derived from the SSMI satellite instrument. It consists of daily gridded SIC fields based on Passive Microwave Radiometer measurements from the SSMI instrument with a 25km grid spacing, along with the total standard error (uncertainty) and quality control flags. It has been built upon the algorithms and processing software originally developed at the EUMETSAT OSI SAF for their SIC dataset. Please note, in the sea ice concentration data set - on purpose - no weather filter has been applied to eliminate weather-induced spurious ice in the open ocean along the ice edge in order to avoid discarding regions with a real sea ice cover. Users are advised to read the product user guide and the publication by Ivanova et al.  (see documentation section). A second sea ice dataset has also been produced from the AMSR-E instrument, and these should be regarded as individual datasets and not combined without further investigations about the compatibility.
This dataset contains the Gravimetric Mass Balance (GMB) basin product for the Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS), generated by TU Dresden as part of the ESA Antarctic Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiatve (Antarctic_Ice_Sheet_cci). The Gravimetric Mass Balance (GMB) product for the Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS) is based on monthly snapshots of the Earth’s gravity field provided by the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and its follow-on satellite mission (GRACE-FO). The product relies on monthly gravity field solutions (L2) of release 06 generated at the Center for Space Research (University of Texas at Austin) and spans the period from April 2002 through July 2020. The GMB product covers the full GRACE mission period (April 2002 - June 2017) and is extended by means of GRACE-FO data starting from June 2018, thus including 187 monthly solutions. The mass change estimation is based on the tailored sensitivity kernel approach developed at TU Dresden. (Groh & Horwath, 2021) The GMB basin product provides time series of integrated mass changes for 26 drainage basins and the aggregations of the Antarctic Peninsula, East Antarctica, West Antarctica and the entire AIS. Based on the GMB basin product, ice mass balance estimates, i.e. linear trend in the change in ice mass, were derived for all drainage basins and aggregations. A gridded GMB product is also available as a separate dataset. Groh, A. & Horwath, M. (2021). Antarctic Ice Mass Change Products from GRACE/GRACE-FO Using Tailored Sensitivity Kernels. Remote Sens., 13(9), 1736. doi:10.3390/rs13091736
The ESA Ocean Colour CCI project has produced global level 3 binned multi-sensor time-series of satellite ocean-colour data with a particular focus for use in climate studies. This dataset contains their Version 4.0 chlorophyll-a product (in mg/m3) on a geographic projection at 4 km spatial resolution and at number of time resolutions (daily, 5day, 8day and monthly composites). Note, this chlor_a data is also included in the 'All Products' dataset. This data product is on a geographic grid projection, which is a direct conversion of latitude and longitude coordinates to a rectangular grid, typically a fixed multiplier of 360x180. The netCDF files follow the CF convention for this projection with a resolution of 8640x4320. (A separate dataset is also available for data on a sinusoidal projection.)