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  • This Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) methane dataset contains height-resolved and column-averaged volume mixing ratios of atmospheric methane (CH4) retrieved from the IASI instrument on the MetOp-B satellite. It also includes column-averaged water vapour (H2O), a scale factor for the HDO (water vapour isotopologue) volume mixing ratio profile, surface temperature, effective cloud fraction, effective cloud-top pressure and scale factors for two systematic residual spectra which are jointly retrieved from the spectral range 1232.25-1290.00 cm-1. This dataset was produced by Version 2.0 of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory's (RAL's) IASI optimal estimation scheme to retrieve methane, which takes as input temperature and water vapour profiles and surface spectral emissivity pre-retrieved by RAL's Infrared and Microwave Scheme applied to IASI, MHS and AMSU-A on MetOp-B. The dataset additionally contains selected a priori values and uncertainties adopted in the optimal estimation scheme and retrieval output diagnostics such as the retrieval cost and the averaging kernels. Development of the Version 2.0 scheme and its application to MetOp-A (2007-2017, http://dx.doi.org/10.5285/f717a8ea622f495397f4e76f777349d1) was funded by the National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO) under the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) with additional funding from EUMETSAT. Adaptation to MetOp-B and production of the IASI MetOp-B methane dataset 01/2018-03/2021 were funded by NCEO and ESA Contract No. 4000129987/20/I-DT Methane+. Data were produced by the United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI) Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) Remote Sensing Group (RSG) at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL).

  • This v2.1 SST_cci Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) Level 3 Uncollated (L3U) Climate Data Record consists of stable, low-bias sea surface temperature (SST) data from the ATSR series of satellite instruments. It covers the period between 11/1991 and 04/2012. The L3U products provide these SST data on a 0.05 regular latitude-longitude grid with with a single orbit per file. The dataset has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative Sea Surface Temperature project(ESA SST_cci). The data products from SST_cci accurately map the surface temperature of the global oceans over the period 1981 to 2016 using observations from many satellites. The data provide independently quantified SSTs to a quality suitable for climate research. This CDR Version 2.1 product supercedes the CDR v2.0 and the Long Term product v1.1. Data are made freely and openly available under a Creative Commons License by Attribution (CC By 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ . When citing this dataset please also cite the associated data paper: Merchant, C.J., Embury, O., Bulgin, C.E., Block T., Corlett, G.K., Fiedler, E., Good, S.A., Mittaz, J., Rayner, N.A., Berry, D., Eastwood, S., Taylor, M., Tsushima, Y., Waterfall, A., Wilson, R., Donlon, C. Satellite-based time-series of sea-surface temperature since 1981 for climate applications, Scientific Data 6:223 (2019). http://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0236-x

  • This dataset contains land surface temperatures (LSTs) and their uncertainty estimates from the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR) on Sentinel 3B. Satellite land surface temperatures are skin temperatures, which means, for example, the temperature of the ground surface in bare soil areas, the temperature of the canopy over forests, and a mix of the soil and leaf temperature over sparse vegetation. The skin temperature is an important variable when considering surface fluxes of, for instance, heat and water. Daytime and night-time temperatures are provided in separate files corresponding to the morning and evening Sentinel 3B equator crossing times which are 10:00 and 22:00 local solar time. Per pixel uncertainty estimates are given in two forms, first, an estimate of the total uncertainty for the pixel and second, a breakdown of the uncertainty into components by correlation length. Also provided in the files, on a per pixel basis, are the observation time, the satellite viewing and solar geometry angles, a quality flag, and land cover class. The dataset coverage is global over the land surface. LSTs are provided on a global equal angle grid at a resolution of 0.01° longitude and 0.01° latitude. SLSTRB achieves full Earth coverage in 1 day so the daily files have gaps where the surface is not covered by the satellite swath during day or night on that day. Furthermore, LSTs are not produced where clouds are present since under these circumstances the IR radiometer observes the cloud top which is usually much colder than the surface. Dataset coverage starts on 17th November 2018 and ends on 31st December 2020. There are minor interruptions (1-10 days) during satellite/instrument maintenance periods or instrument anomalies. The dataset was produced by the University of Leicester (UoL) and LSTs were retrieved using the (UoL) LST retrieval algorithm and data were processed in the UoL processing chain. The dataset was produced as part of the ESA Land Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative which strives to improve satellite datasets to Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) standards.

  • The ESA Ocean Colour CCI project has produced global level 3 binned multi-sensor time-series of satellite ocean-colour data with a particular focus for use in climate studies. This dataset contains all their Version 3.1 generated ocean colour products on a geographic projection at 4 km spatial resolution and at a number of time resolutions (daily, 5-day, 8-day and monthly composites). Data are also available as monthly climatologies. Data products being produced include: phytoplankton chlorophyll-a concentration; remote-sensing reflectance at six wavelengths; total absorption and backscattering coefficients; phytoplankton absorption coefficient and absorption coefficients for dissolved and detrital material; and the diffuse attenuation coefficient for downwelling irradiance for light of wavelength 490nm. Information on uncertainties is also provided. This data product is on a geographic grid projection, which is a direct conversion of latitude and longitude coordinates to a rectangular grid, typically a fixed multiplier of 360x180. The netCDF files follow the CF convention for this projection with a resolution of 8640x4320. (A separate dataset is also available for data on a sinusoidal projection.)

  • As part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sea Level Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Project, Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDRs) have been computed for all the altimeter missions used within the project. These FCDR's consist of along track values of sea level anomalies and altimeter standards for the period between 1993 and 2015. This version of the product is v2.0. The FCDR's are mono-mission products, derived from the respective altimeter level-2 products. They have been produced along the tracks of the different altimeters, with a resolution of 1Hz, corresponding to a ground distance close to 6km. The dataset is separated by altimeter mission, and divided into files by altimetric cycle corresponding to the repetivity of the mission. When using or referring to the Sea Level cci products, please mention the associated DOIs and also use the following citation where a detailed description of the Sea Level_cci project and products can be found: Ablain, M., Cazenave, A., Larnicol, G., Balmaseda, M., Cipollini, P., Faugère, Y., Fernandes, M. J., Henry, O., Johannessen, J. A., Knudsen, P., Andersen, O., Legeais, J., Meyssignac, B., Picot, N., Roca, M., Rudenko, S., Scharffenberg, M. G., Stammer, D., Timms, G., and Benveniste, J.: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project, Ocean Sci., 11, 67-82, doi:10.5194/os-11-67-2015, 2015. For further information on the Sea Level CCI products, and to register for these projects please email: info-sealevel@esa-sealevel-cci.org

  • This v2.1 SST_cci Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Level 3 Collated (L3C) Climate Data Record (CDR) consists of stable, low-bias sea surface temperature (SST) data from the AVHRR series of satellite instruments. It covers the period between 08/1981 and 12/2016. This L3C product provides these SST data on a 0.05 regular latitude-longitude grid and collated to include all orbits for a day (separated into daytime and nighttime files). The dataset has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative Sea Surface Temperature project(ESA SST_cci). The data products from SST_cci accurately map the surface temperature of the global oceans over the period 1981 to 2016 using observations from many satellites. The data provide independently quantified SSTs to a quality suitable for climate research. This CDR Version 2.1 product supercedes the CDR Version 2.0 product. Data are made freely and openly available under a Creative Commons License by Attribution (CC By 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ . When citing this dataset please also cite the associated data paper: Merchant, C.J., Embury, O., Bulgin, C.E., Block T., Corlett, G.K., Fiedler, E., Good, S.A., Mittaz, J., Rayner, N.A., Berry, D., Eastwood, S., Taylor, M., Tsushima, Y., Waterfall, A., Wilson, R., Donlon, C. Satellite-based time-series of sea-surface temperature since 1981 for climate applications, Scientific Data 6:223 (2019). http://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0236-x

  • The CO2_GOS_SRFP dataset comprises level 2, column-averaged dry-air mole fractions (mixing ratios) for carbon dioxide (XCO2), from the Thermal and Near Infrared Sensor for Carbon Observations (TANSO-FTS) NIR and SWIR spectra, onboard the Japanese Greenhouse gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT). It has been produced using the RemoTeC Full Physics (SRFP) algorithm, v2.3.8, by the Greenhouse Gases Climate Change Initiative (GHG_cci) project. This forms part of the GHG_cci Climate Research Data Package Number 4 (CRDP#4). The RemoTeC Full Physics (SRFP) algorithm has been jointly developed at SRON and KIT. A second product, generated using the OCFP (University of Leicester Full Physics) algorithm, is also available, and is considered the GHG_cci baseline product, whilst the SRFP product forms an 'alternative' product. It is advised that users who aren't sure whether to use the baseline or alternative product use the OCFP product. For more information on the differences between baseline and alternative algorithms please see the Greenhouse Gases CCI data products webpage. The data product is stored per day in a single NetCDF file. Retrieval results are provided for the individual GOSAT spatial footprints, no averaging having been applied. The product file contains the key standard products, i.e. the retrieved column averaged dry air mixing ratio XCO2 with bias correction, averaging kernels and quality flags, as well as secondary products specific for the RemoTeC algorithm. For further information, including details of the SRFP algorithm and the TANSO-FTS instrument, please see the associated product user guide (PUG) or the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document.

  • The ESA Climate Change Initiative Aerosol project has produced a number of global aerosol Essential Climate Variable (ECV) products from a set of European satellite instruments with different characteristics. This dataset comprises the Level 3 aerosol products from AATSR, using the Swansea University (SU) algorithm, version 4.21. Both daily and monthly gridded products are available. For further details about these data products please see the documentation.

  • The ESA Climate Change Initiative Aerosol project has produced a number of global aerosol Essential Climate Variable (ECV) products from a set of European satellite instruments with different characteristics. This dataset comprises Level 2 aerosol products from the AATSR instrument on the ENVISAT satellite, derived using the Swansea University (SU) algorithm, version 4.3. It covers the period from 2002 - 2012. For further details about these data products please see the linked documentation.

  • The ESA Ocean Colour CCI project has produced global level 3 binned multi-sensor time-series of satellite ocean-colour data with a particular focus for use in climate studies. This dataset contains the Version 4.0 Kd490 attenuation coefficient (m-1) for downwelling irradiance product on a geographic projection at approximately 4 km spatial resolution and at a number of time resolutions (daily, 5-day, 8-day and monthly composites). It is computed from the Ocean Colour CCI Version 4.0 inherent optical properties dataset at 490 nm and the solar zenith angle. Note, these data are also contained within the 'All Products' dataset. This data product is on a geographic grid projection, which is a direct conversion of latitude and longitude coordinates to a rectangular grid, typically a fixed multiplier of 360x180. The netCDF files follow the CF convention for this projection with a resolution of 8640x4320. (A separate dataset is also available for data on a sinusoidal projection).