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Agriculture

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  • Modelled predictions of annual pollutant loads in rivers from agricultural source areas for Scotland, reported at Water Framework Directive (WFD) catchment scale. The modelled pollutants include total phosphorous, nitrate (NO3-N), faecal indicator organisms (FIOs), suspended solids, methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions. The agricultural source areas include arable land, improved grassland, rough grazing land and others (e.g. steadings, tracks and other non-field losses). Modelled predictions account for current (c. 2012) implementation of General Binding Rules, Nitrate Vulnerable Zone Action Programme and a number of SRDP options. The values specify pollutant losses in 10^6 colony forming units (cfu) per year for FIOs and kilograms per year for the other pollutants. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/d4d5a10e-1612-4bb5-97b2-2b850cccdcb2

  • Data on resilience of wheat yields in England, derived from the annual Defra Cereals and Oilseeds production survey of commercial farms. The data presented here are summarised over a ten-year time-series (2008-2017) at 10km x10km grid cell (hectad) resolution. The data give the mean yield, relative yield, yield stability and resistance to an extreme event (the poor weather of 2012), for all hectads with at least one sampled farm holding in each year of the time-series (i.e. the minimum data required to calculate the resilience metrics). These metrics were calculated to explore the impact of landscape structure on yield resilience. The data also give the number of samples per year per hectad, so that sampling biases can be explored and filtering applied. No hectads are included that contain data from <9 holdings across the time series (the minimum level required by Defra to maintain anonymity is <5). The data were created under the ASSIST (Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems) project by staff at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology to enable exploration of the impacts of agriculture on the environment and vice versa, enabling farmers and policymakers to implement better, more sustainable agricultural practices. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/7dbcee0c-00ca-4fb2-93cf-90f2a5ca37ea

  • The data presented are quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) read outs from antimicrobial resistance gene (AMRG) assays and associated metadata from this project. In this dataset, the mean gene copy numbers per microlitre of DNA extract are shown. The data were collected from faecal and environmental samples which were obtained from a single British commercial pig unit. The former were collected from the sow housing barn, pig growing houses and slurry tanks within the farm unit and the latter were obtained through random stratified sampling of the farm and the surrounding land. These samples were taken from what will be referred to as the 'main study'. A further study was carried out to obtain samples after a partial depopulation which took place on this farm. Faecal samples were obtained from the sow housing barn, pig growing houses and slurry tanks and will be referred to as the 'depopulation (depop) study'. For the main study, the samples were collected between October 19th 2016 and April 5th 2017. For the depop study, the samples were collected between 19th June 2017 and 13th November 2017. The data associated with all samples were generated between August 1st 2017 and May 1st 2018. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e548dc5d-49e3-467d-9435-c199da40e7be

  • This data set includes over 500 individual flux measurements of nitrous oxide (N2O) from a mixed livestock farm, carried out in 2012 and 2013 using a high-precision flux chamber method. Measurements of soil properties are also reported for each individual flux measurement. Soil pH, temperature moisture content, bulk density and ammonia and nitrate concentrations (extracted via the KCl method) are reported in the data. The data represents arable and grazed fields (cattle and sheep) as well as other sources of N2O from agricultural lands such as barns, manure heaps and silage storage. This data was used to assess farms scale emissions of N2O from a variety of sources over four seasons. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/54edbdcf-086e-40a7-b2cc-c1e4fcbfbbbc

  • The groundwater systems of northwest India and central Pakistan are amongst the most heavily exploited in the world. Groundwater has been monitored in the region for more than a century resulting in a unique long-term record of groundwater level change. The BGS has compiled groundwater level data from northwest India (Haryana and Punjab) and Pakistan (Punjab) between 1884 and 2020. The dataset, presented here, was compiled from various sources between 2018 and 2020. The excel file consists of two tabs both containing groundwater level data (in metres below ground level) and location information. In the first tab (Full_dataset), which contains the full dataset, there are 68783 rows of observed groundwater level data from 4028 individual sites. In the second tab (LTS) there are 7547 rows of groundwater level observations from 130 individual sites, which have water level data available for a period of more than 40 years and from which at least two thirds of the annual observations are available.

  • Projections of global changes in water scarcity with the current extent of croplands were combined to identify the potential country level vulnerabilities of cropland land to water scarcity in 2050. The data relate to an analysis of the impact changes in water availability will have on cropland availability in 2050. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/1011037f-4f41-41db-ac7a-0d8e9b8bc933

  • This dataset contains the percentage of the total pasture area in each country classified as vulnerable to water scarcity (annual run-off is declining and the water shed is defined as water scarce in 2050). Projections of global changes in water scarcity with the current extent of pasture land were combined to identify the potential country level vulnerabilities of pasture land to water scarcity in 2050. The data relate to an analysis of the impact changes in water availability will have on pasture availability in 2050. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/ec5cc84e-a8da-4ff8-80d4-26fca1a31e1f

  • This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a at a Miscanthus x. giganteus Greef et Deu plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 30th April 2008 and 18th February 2013. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality of the turbulent flux observations. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/00487c70-b74e-4c91-ab0c-31735c2e3b13

  • This set of data includes records of vegetation species and characteristics, soil quality metrics and aspects of farm management relating to a single field on each sampled farm. Data were collected in 2018, from farms across Great Britain belonging to the Pasture Fed Livestock Association (PFLA). The data were collected by the UK Centre of Ecology & Hydrology, during a project funded by the BBSRC, seeking to evidence the impacts of pasture fed livestock approaches on grassland parameters, in particular, sward composition and associated soil qualities. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/78ca9a01-107b-4f33-8561-9c3e64db7e02

  • [This dataset is embargoed until December 31, 2022]. This dataset contains terrestrial fluxes of nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and ecosystem respiration (carbon dioxide (CO2)) calculated from static chamber measurements in riparian buffers of oil palm plantations on mineral soil, in Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia. Measurements were made monthly, from January 2019 until September 2021, with a break from April 2019 to October 2019 to allow for felling and replanting, and another break from January 2021 to June 2021 due to Covid-19 restrictions. To help to reduce the environmental impact of oil palm plantations, riparian buffers are now required by regulations in many Southeast Asian countries. The experiments were conducted to investigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions from the riparian buffers. Research was funded through NERC grant NE/R000131/1 Sustainable Use of Natural Resources to Improve Human Health and Support Economic Development (SUNRISE) Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f587847a-7505-4fd8-99db-b99cc0285f9f