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Biota

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  • Data comprise plot location (latitude, longitude, elevation), taxonomic family and species names and measurements of trees (diameter, height, health). Presence of lianas (vines) and their measurements were also recorded. Funder: NERC - Brazil (CONFAP) Newton Fund: “Dry forest biomes in Brazil: biodiversity and ecosystem services” (NE/N000587/1) Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/aa3babe9-072c-42ce-9ea5-9dbb921a922d

  • [This dataset is embargoed until April 1, 2023]. This dataset contains information on the following: nest building, identity of breeding pairs, date when the first egg is laid, number of eggs, hatch date and the number and condition of fledglings for great tits, blue tits, marsh tits and coal tits. The data presented were collected in Wytham Woods, Oxfordshire, UK during April and June in 2020 and 2021 by Keith McMahon, Sam Croft and Kristina Beck, as part of a long-term nestbox project on the breeding biology of birds. The work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council (Grant NE/S010335/1), The ecology of behavioural contagion in natural systems. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/ae6f821a-35a1-4a37-af4d-ca7cb1c83a10

  • [This dataset is embargoed until April 1, 2023]. This dataset contains information about the ringing records of mainly great tits, blue tits, marsh tits and coal tits, and a few other bird species. The data were collected in Wytham woods, Oxfordshire, UK during 2020 and 2021, as part of a long-term population monitoring project on the breeding biology and behaviour of birds. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/af4c9b5a-fba9-4133-b782-2a2cbc927280

  • This dataset describes environmental conditions at 135 Saiga antelope calving sites (from a total of 214) in Kazakhstan where the predictor variables required for the modelling were available at sufficient resolution. Data collected included climatic variables associated with haemorrhagic septicaemia in the literature, including humidity, temperature and precipitation. Indicators of vegetation biomass, phenology and length of the winter preceding calving were represented using the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), snow depth and snow presence data. Saiga antelope are susceptible to mass mortality events (MME), the most severe of which are caused by haemorrhagic septicaemia following infection by the bacteria Pasteurella multocida. These die-off events tend to occur in May during calving, when saigas gather in dense aggregations. As the bacteria is a commensal organism, which may live harmlessly in the respiratory tract of the saiga, it is believed that an environmental trigger is involved in a shift to virulence in the pathogen or reduction in immune-competence in the host. The attached data show environmental conditions at a set of calving sites of the Betpak-dala population of saigas. This population, one of three in Kazakhstan, is located in the central provinces of the country and is the only one in which massive haemorrhagic septicaemia outbreaks have been recorded. At most of the recorded sites, calving progressed normally, whilst at others mass mortality events occurred during calving or just afterwards, namely in 1981, 1988 and 2015. A set of environmental predictor variables was used to model the probability of an MME at calving aggregations. The dataset, modelling process and results are described in Kock et al. (2018): http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/4/1/eaao2314 A related shapefile of the full set of 214 sites, and metadata concerning site characteristics and the provenance of the location data is available at: https://catalogue.ceh.ac.uk/id/8ad12782-e939-4834-830a-c89e503a298b The attached dataset and site metadata in the above-mentioned Shapefile attribute table can be combined using the variable ID in order to merge the environmental data with information on the calving and MME sites. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/912ea336-ac90-418f-be6a-7ae226e167e9

  • This dataset includes laboratory and field measurements of carbon fluxes and spectral reflectance for peatland vegetation including Sphagnum species. It also includes satellite data relating to the development and use of a Temperature and Greenness (TG) model, and an annual Temperature, Greenness and Wetness (TGWa) model. The laboratory data includes Gross Primary Productivity (GPP) and respiration data from samples of Sphagnum capillifolium and Sphagnum papillosum which were collected from the Forsinard Flows RSPB reserve (Northern Scotland) and subjected to different rainfall simulations, including total drought, in the laboratory. Spectral reflectance of the samples was also measured throughout the experiment, and the vegetation indices calculated are recorded. The field data includes carbon fluxes and spectral reflectance measurements, in this case taken from collars located at three sites within the Forsinard Flows Reserve during the main growing season of 2017 (March to September). Associated measurements of temperature, Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR), and moisture content were recorded. The species composition of the collars is also given in the data. The satellite data include Land Surface Temperature (LST) and Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) products from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) used to develop a TG model over the Forsinard Flows reserve, and the Glencar bog in Ireland. The dataset also includes bands used to calculate the Normalised Difference Water Index (NDWI) to develop the TGWa model. The MODIS data used in the implementation of this model to assess restoration progress, and also upscaling effectiveness, are included in the dataset. The work was carried out during a PhD project part-funded by the NERC SCENARIO DTP (Grant number: NE/L002566/1) at the University of Reading, and part-funded by The James Hutton Institute. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/ab9f47f9-9faf-4403-a57e-25e31f581ed0

  • Data comprises of the uptake of the plant nutrient phosphorus (P) by seven common and often co-occurring herbaceous plants grown in limestone grassland soil in pots. P uptake is from one of three different sources of P that were injected into the soil, with the P sources being labelled with radio-isotope 33P, such that uptake of this could be quantified by assessing the radioactivity of the plant tissue. The plant species were grown in pots as monocultures, and as mixed communities containing all seven species. The 33P labelled P sources that were injected into the soil were orthophosphate, DNA and calcium phosphate. Assessment of the amount of 33P taken up was undertaken by harvesting and analysing plant shoots six days after the 33P source was injected into the soil. The datasets contain biomass of the harvested plant material, its radioactivity as assessed by scintillation counting, and the calculated proportion of the 33P supplied that was taken up into plant shoots. The data also contains % cover abundance values of the plant species from surveys undertaken at Wardlow Hay Cop, the limestone grassland from where the soil was sourced on which the plants were grown for the 33P addition study. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/87cdc267-a8c7-4f59-83b4-1bceaae837ad

  • Density and biomass of fish taxa from three chalkstreams in the Wessex chalk area: Nine Mile River, River Till and River Wylye. Data were collected on five occasions, between October 2012 and October 2013. The density of fish taxa at each of the three streams was estimated using benthic fish sampling and multi-pass electrofishing. The mean biomass of individuals of each taxon at each site on each occasion was then applied to the density estimates to derive an estimate of the biomass per m2 of each taxon at each site on each occasion. Data were collected to quantify food webs detailing the flux of mass and nutrients between nodes of the food web. This dataset was created as part of work package 3.2 of the Wessex Biodiversity & Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS) project. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/7eee41f8-dbde-4b5e-b2d5-7296b5bfc558

  • This dataset contains in situ CO2 efflux, root production and fungal hyphae production from plots distributed across a subarctic landscape in Northern Sweden. 6 paired plots were established in mountain birch forest and 5 paired plots were established in tall shrub tundra where one of each pair was 'girdled' and one acted as a non girdled 'control'. Efflux measurements were made during six sampling campaigns over 2017 and 2018 at an approximate frequency of once per week during each campaign, constituting a time series of measurements. Production measurements integrated root or hyphae production over the whole growing season (June-September) and therefore there is one datapoint per plot per year. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/4418c631-c39c-467c-b3b8-c75142fcae0a

  • This dataset measures the abundance of ant species at baited traps set across twelve trees in four experimental plots in lowland, tropical rainforest. Baited traps were set at 5 m vertical intervals from the ground to as high as possible in the canopy, the stratum of each trap location was recorded. At each height two pairs of baited traps were set, each pair contained one trap baited with carbohydrate (honey and oats) and the second with protein (tuna). Traps within each pair were separated by approximately 20cm were left open for 24 hours. All ants collected were identified to morphospecies level and the species abundance in each trap was recorded. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/62bf0251-ca8d-4288-a274-0ff6e39b3a3c

  • This dataset contains data on the movement of the seabird tick, Ixodes uriae, in an artificial arena. 24 adult female and 24 nymphal I. uriae were collected on the Isle of May, Scotland on the 25th-27th March 2014 and 18th July 2013 respectively. Nymphal ticks were taken from boiler suits worn by field workers, and adult female ticks were taken from cracks in the rock face. They were then transported to a laboratory where they were individually placed in an artificial arena, composed of a single A1 piece of paper and 30 cm high walls. Straight line distances moved were then measured at fixed time intervals. This work was part of a NERC-funded PhD project looking at interactions between avian colonial social structure and tick-borne pathogen dynamics. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/aec8b5b2-642b-41ae-8c30-36a4388411cb