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CRU

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  • This version of CRU CY is superseded by version 4.01. It is being made available to assist with users moving to the new process. No further releases of version 3 are planned. An updated set of country definitions have been introduced with this version. Please see the appropriate Release Notes. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. The CRU CY version 3.25 dataset consists of ten climate variables for country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency; including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure and potential evapotranspiration. This dataset was produced in 2017 by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) at the University of East Anglia and extends CRU CY 3.24.01. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY3.25 is derived directly from the CRU TS3.25 dataset. CRU CY version 3.25 spans the period 1901-2016 for 289 countries. To understand the CRU-CY3.25 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS3.25. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2014 paper listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • The Climatic Research Unit (CRU) Country (CY) data version 4.00 dataset consists of ten climate variables for country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency; including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure and potential evapotranspiration. This version uses the updated set of country definitions, please see the appropriate Release Notes. This dataset was produced in 2017 by CRU at the University of East Anglia and extends the CRU CY3.23 data to include 2015. CRU CY4.00 is a full release, differing only in methodology from the existing current release, v3.24.01. Both are released concurrently to support comparative evaluations between these two versions. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY4.00 is derived directly from the CRU TS4.00 dataset. CRU CY version 4.00 spans the period 1901-2015 for 289 countries. To understand the CRU CY4.00 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS4.00. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2020 paper and the CRU TS4.00 release notes listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • The Climatic Research Unit (CRU) Country (CY) data version 4.01 dataset consists of ten climate variables for country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency; including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure and potential evapotranspiration. This version uses the updated set of country definitions, please see the appropriate Release Notes. This dataset was produced in 2017 by CRU at the University of East Anglia and extends the CRU CY4.00 data to include 2016. CRU CY4.01 is a full release, differing only in methodology from the existing current version 3 release, v3.25. Both are released concurrently to support comparative evaluations between these two versions, however, this will be the last release of version 3. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY4.01 is derived directly from the CRU TS4.01 dataset. CRU CY version 4.01 spans the period 1901-2016 for 289 countries. To understand the CRU CY4.01 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS4.01. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2020 paper and the CRU TS4.01 release notes listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • The CRU CY version 3.24.01 dataset consists of ten climate variables for country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency; including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure and potential evapotranspiration. This dataset was produced in 2016 by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) at the University of East Anglia and replaces the withdrawn CRU CY 3.24. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY3.24.01 is derived directly from the CRU TS3.24.01 dataset. CRU CY version 3.24.01 spans the period 1901-2015 for 289 countries. To understand the CRU-CY3.24.01 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS3.24.01. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2014 paper listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • The CRU CY version 3.24 dataset consists of country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency, for ten climate variables, including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure and Potential Evapo-transpiration. This dataset was produced in 2016 by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) at the University of East Anglia. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY3.24 is derived directly from the CRU TS3.24 dataset. CRU CY version 3.24 spans the period 1901-2015 for 289 countries. To understand the CRU-CY3.24 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS3.24. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2014 paper listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • The Climatic Research Unit (CRU) Country (CY) data version 4.05 dataset consists of ten climate variables for country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency: including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure, potential evapotranspiration and wet day frequency. This version uses the updated set of country definitions, please see the appropriate Release Notes. This dataset was produced in 2021 by CRU at the University of East Anglia and extends the CRU CY4.04 data to include 2020. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY4.05 is derived directly from the CRU time series (TS) 4.05 dataset. CRU CY version 4.05 spans the period 1901-2020 for 292 countries. To understand the CRU CY4.05 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS4.05. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2020 paper and the CRU TS4.05 release notes listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • The gridded CRU TS (time-series) 3.26 data are month-by-month variations in climate over the period 1901-2017, on high-resolution (0.5x0.5 degree) grids, produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) at the University of East Anglia. This version of CRU TS supersedes version 3.25, additionally however these data are superseded by the CRU TS 4.02 data which has a new processing methodology. This concurrent release of CRU TS 3.26 and CRU TS 4.02 is made to support users during the transition to the CRU TS version 4 data. No further releases of version 3 are planned. CRU TS 3.26 variables are cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, PET, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, and vapour pressure for the period Jan. 1901 - Dec. 2017. CRU TS 3.26 data were produced using the same methodology as for the 3.21, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24.01, 3.26 datasets. This version contains updates the dataset with 2016 data, some new stations have been added for TMP and PRE only. This release is the latest release of the CRU TS data. Known issues predating this release remain. The CRU TS 3.26 data are monthly gridded fields based on monthly observational data, which are calculated from daily or sub-daily data by National Meteorological Services and other external agents. The ASCII and NetCDF data files both contain monthly mean values for the various parameters. All CRU TS output files are actual values - NOT anomalies.

  • CRUTEM4 is a gridded dataset of global historical near-surface air temperature anomalies over land. This specific version is CRUTEM4.2.0.0-2013-03, available for each month from January 1850 to March 2013, on a 5 degree grid. Hemispheric and global anomaly series are provided. The dataset is a collaborative product of the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia and the Met Office Hadley Centre. The CRUTEM4 dataset is updated on a monthly basis; these updates are available from the institutions listed below (see Links).

  • The Climatic Research Unit (CRU) Country (CY) data version 4.02 dataset consists of ten climate variables for country averages at a monthly, seasonal and annual frequency; including cloud cover, diurnal temperature range, frost day frequency, precipitation, daily mean temperature, monthly average daily maximum and minimum temperature, vapour pressure and potential evapotranspiration. This version uses the updated set of country definitions, please see the appropriate Release Notes. This dataset was produced in 2018 by CRU at the University of East Anglia and extends the CRU CY4.01 data to include 2017. CRU CY4.02 is a full release, differing only in methodology from the existing current version 3 release, v3.26. Both are released concurrently to support comparative evaluations between these two versions, however, this will be the last release of version 3. The data are available as text files with the extension '.per' and can be opened by most text editors. Spatial averages are calculated using area-weighted means. CRU CY4.02 is derived directly from the CRU TS4.02 dataset. CRU CY version 4.02 spans the period 1901-2017 for 289 countries. To understand the CRU CY4.02 dataset, it is important to understand the construction and limitations of the underlying dataset, CRU TS4.02. It is therefore recommended that all users read the Harris et al, 2020 paper and the CRU TS4.02 release notes listed in the online documentation on this record. CRU CY data are available for download to all CEDA users.

  • CRUTEM (Climatic Research Unit TEMperature) is a gridded dataset of global historical near-surface air temperature anomalies over land at a monthly timescale. It is a collaborative product of the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, the Met Office Hadley Centre and the National Centre for Atmospheric Science. CRUTEM also contributes the land air temperature station data to the global (land and ocean) temperature dataset called HadCRUT. CRUTEM5 is the fifth major version of the dataset, covering the time period from 1850, with a spatial resolution of 5° latitude by 5° longitude and a monthly-mean time resolution. The gridded temperature anomaly fields are based on a compilation of monthly-mean temperature observational records from weather stations. This compilation contains 10639 station records, but only 7983 records had the necessary coverage to be used for producing the gridded dataset. Anomalies are differences from average conditions in the 1961-1990 period. Hemispheric and global mean time series of land air temperature anomalies are also provided.