EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Stable Isotopes
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This dataset comprises neodymium (Nd) isotopic compositions measured on 145 samples of aragonitic deep-sea corals from the Drake Passage of the Southern Ocean. Most of the samples were previously collected on expeditions NBP0805 and NBP1103 on the RV Nathaniel B. Palmer. The samples include glacial, deglacial and Holocene aged specimens and most are from 0-40 ka BP (thousand years before present) based on uranium-thorium dating. Neodymium isotope analyses were conducted by either thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS) or multi-collector inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) in the MAGIC laboratories at Imperial College London by David Wilson, Torben Struve and Tina van de Flierdt. In the modern ocean, dissolved Nd isotopes are a quasi-conservative water mass tracer, while past compositions of seawater are recorded in deep-sea corals. This dataset therefore provides evidence on the proportions of Atlantic versus Pacific waters admixed in the Southern Ocean through time, which places crucial constraints on global deep water chemistry and circulation dynamics during past climate events. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/N001141/1. Related datasets are associated with grant NE/N003861/1. Both grants funded the project "Bridging the Timing Gap: Connecting Late Pleistocene Southern Ocean and Antarctic Climate Records".
Glacier meltwater supplies a significant amount of silicon (Si) and iron (Fe) sourced from weathered bedrock to downstream ecosystems. However, the extent to which these essential nutrients reach the ocean is regulated by the nature of the benthic cycling of dissolved Si and Fe within fjord systems, given the rapid deposition of reactive particulate fractions at fjord heads. The dataset is used to examine the benthic cycling of the two nutrients at Patagonian fjord heads through geochemical analyses of sediment pore waters and reaction-transport modeling for Si. The dataset contains: (i) pore water redox-sensitive nitrate (NO3-) and dissolved manganese (DMn) concentration data, nutrient dissolved silicon (DSi) and iron (DFe) concentration and isotope data (delta30 Si, delta56 Fe); (ii) mild alkaline leachable (Si-Alk) and acid leachable (Si-HCl) sediment silica content and isotope data; and (iii) reaction transport model output for the benthic cycling of Si. The pore water and sediment samples were collected from four sites: SJ (48.228o S, 73.502o W, 106 m depth), SH (47.679 S, 73.715 W, 203 m depth), SP (48.179 S, 73.347 W, 248 m depth) and SB (47.787 S, 73.610 W, 151 m depth) in the Baker-Martinez Fjord Complex on the research vessel Sur-Austral in February 2017. Funded by NERC-CONICYT grant NE/P003133/1-PII20150106.
This data product comprises 5 files, containing marine sediment pore water and solid phase leachate silicon (Si) isotopic and element concentration data, as well as benthic silica flux magnitudes derived from core incubation experiments and sediment biogenic silica contents. Samples were collected over three cruises of the Changing Arctic Ocean Seafloor (ChAOS) project summer sampling campaigns in the Barents Sea between 2017 and 2019 aboard the RRS James Clark Ross (cruises JR16006, JR17007 and JR18006). The aim of this study was to improve our mechanistic understanding of the cycling of Si within the Arctic Ocean seafloor through measurement of stable Si isotopes in the dissolved Si pool and the solid phase sources. This project was part of the Changing Arctic Ocean programme, funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) (grant no. NE/P005942/1).