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  • Seventy-nine Antarctic ice core snow accumulation records were gathered as part of a community led project coordinated by the PAGES Antarctica 2k working group. Individual ice core records (kg m2 yr-1) were normalised relative to a reference period (1960-1990). The normalised records were separated into seven geographical regions and averaged together to form the regional composites. The seven geographical regions are: East Antarctica; Wilkes Land Coast; Weddell Sea Coast; Antarctic Peninsula; West Antarctic Ice Sheet; Victoria Land; and Dronning Maud Land. Full data description and methods can be found in Thomas et al., 2017. This record also includes the original data, from which the composite records were produced. Due to erroneous data contained in the files, this dataset has been superseded by a corrected version. Please use that corrected dataset in preference to this one to avoid the problem. The DOI for the updated data is: 10.5285/cc1d42de-dfe6-40aa-a1a6-d45cb2fc8293

  • This dataset provides a 308 year (1702-2009) deuterium isotope record from the Ferrigno 2010 (F10) ice core. The core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using a Los Gatos Liquid Water Isotope Analyser at 5cm resolution, corresponding to ~14 samples per year, with annual averages calculated for January-December. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1

  • Seventy-nine Antarctic ice core snow accumulation records were gathered as part of a community led project coordinated by the PAGES Antarctica 2k working group. Individual ice core records (kg m2 yr-1) were normalised relative to a reference period (1960-1990). The normalised records were separated into seven geographical regions and averaged together to form the regional composites. The seven geographical regions are: East Antarctica; Wilkes Land Coast; Weddell Sea Coast; Antarctic Peninsula; West Antarctic Ice Sheet; Victoria Land; and Dronning Maud Land. Full data description and methods can be found in Thomas et al., 2017. This record also includes the original data, from which the composite records were produced. This dataset represents an updated version of another published dataset. The update was necessary due to erroneous data contained in the files. Please use this corrected dataset in preference to the other one.

  • This dataset provides a 308 year (1703-2010) annual snow accumulation record from the Ferrigno 2010 (F10) ice core. The 136 m core was drilled on the Bryan Coast in Ellsworth Land, West Antarctica, during the austral summer 2010/11. The record was measured using the summer peak in nonsea-salt (nss) SO4, in approximately January to December. Snow accumulation is converted to meters of water equivalent (weq - m) based on measured density profile and correcting for thinning using the Nye model, assuming vertical strain rate. Samples were measured at 5 cm resolution, corresponding to approximately eight samples per year. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J020710/1.

  • These data files contain the records of isotopes, anions, cations and organic compounds measured in the Bouvet Island ice core. The Bouvet ice core was collected as part of the Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition (ACE) 2016-2017, and is the first ever ice core collected on the island. All analyses was carried out at the British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom between 2016 and 2018. Analyses were carried out by analytical staff and a PhD student. Isotopes were measured using a Picarro instrument, anions and cations on a Dionex Intergrion Ion Chromatograph, and organics using High-Performance Liquid Chromotography Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Isotopes, anions and cations are measured as discreet 5cm core samples, while organics are measured at annual resolution core samples. This data forms part of a suite of ice cores from the sub-Antarctic islands collected on the ACE cruise 2016-2017, for which anion, cation and isotope data will be made available separately. Funding source Work by Amy King was jointly supported by Selwyn College, Cambridge, and the NERC Doctoral Training Programme [grant number NE/L002507/1]. ACE and Elizabeth Thomas received funding from Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, the Swiss Polar Institute, and Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc. Joel Pedro acknowledges support from the European Research Council under the European Community''s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007e2013)/ERC grant agreement 610055 as part of the ice2ice project.

  • A record of the oxygen-isotope ratios and net accumulation from an ice core drilled on Dyer Plateau in the Antarctic Peninsula is presented. This 233 m long ice core was drilled in the southern summer season of 1989/90. The isotope data covers the years 1505 to 1988. The snow accumulation data covers 1840 to 1988.

  • The text file (.csv) contains d18O changes simulated at six Greenland deep ice cores (NEEM, NGRIP, GRIP, GISP2, Camp Century and DYE3) from 69 simulations performed using the isotope-enabled HadCM3 climate model forced with mid last interglacial boundary conditions, centred at 125,000 years ago. HadCM3 is used to reproduce the d18O response to 69 modified Last Interglacial (LIG) Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) morphologies at the ice-core sites. To parameterise the set of 69 GIS morphologies, we undertake a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) approach. The text file also contains the 8PC coefficients for each of the 69 morphologies. The netcdf file (.nc) contains the 8PC shapes and the average shape. To obtain any of the 69 GIS morphologies: (1) store the 8 PC coefficients of a specific GIS morphology and, (2) take a linear combination of the PC shapes (according to those coefficients) and add the average shape. Funding was provided by the following grants: EPSRC-funded Past Earth Network (Grant number EP/M008363/1); NERC funding through grants NE/P009271/1, NE/P013279/1, NE/J004804/1, and Irene Malmierca''s PhD studentship.

  • The file contains Southern Hemisphere winter (September) sea ice concentration (sic) from a simulation performed using the isotope-enabled HadCM3 climate model forced with early last interglacial boundary conditions, centred approximately 128,000 years ago. The resulting sic represents a reduction in winter sea ice area of approximately 54% relative to pre-industrial and is proposed as the best explanation for the Antarctic ice core data from 128,000 years ago. The spatial pattern of sea ice retreat was determined using a large ensemble of model experiments and a pattern search optimization approach to match the last interglacial ice core isotope peak. Further details can be found in the published manuscript (https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074594). This work was funded by NERC grants NE/P009271/1, NE/P013279/1, and NE/K004514/1.

  • We present the age scales for three Antarctic Peninsula (AP) ice cores: Palmer, Rendezvous, and Jurassic. The three age scales are all from intermediate-depth cores, in the 133-141 m depth range. The Palmer age scale covers 390 years, 1621-2011 C.E., and is from one of the oldest AP cores. Rendezvous and Jurassic are from lower elevation high-snow accumulation sites and therefore cover shorter intervals, 1843-2011 C.E. and 1874-2011 C.E., respectively. The Palmer, Rendezvous, and Jurassic cores were all drilled in November-December 2012 using the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) electromechanical dry drill (without drill fluid). Water isotopes and the chemical species used to establish the age scales were measured in the ice core labs at BAS (Cambridge, UK) using Continuous Flow Analysis (CFA) or from melted discrete cut ice samples. The annual-layer markers for dating of the cores were primarily determined using nssSO4 and H2O2 summer peaks, with d18O and MSA as additional support. This research effort was carried out by the BAS Ice Core group and the established age scales will provide the foundation for multiple upcoming projects. The ice core drilling and analysis was funded by the British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, Cambridge, UK), part of UK research and innovation and NERC grant [NE/J020710/1]. Palmer analysis was funded by Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW, Berlin, Germany), in collaboration with the Anthropocene working group (AWG).

  • Young Island is a new ice core drilling site uniquely positioned to give insight into the (sub-)Antarctic climate. This dataset contains four preliminary dating approaches that lay the foundation for the age scale of the Young Island ice core presented in Moser et al. (2021). Funding was provided to SubICE by Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, the Swiss Polar Institute, and Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc (grant no. SubICE). ERT received core funding from NERC to the British Antarctic Survey''s Ice Dynamics and Palaeoclimate programme. DEM was supported by BAS, Cambridge, and the NERC C-CLEAR doctoral training programme (grant no. NE/S007164/1). JBP received grant funding from the Australian Government.