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  • Data comprise mealworm predation rates measured after 24 hours exposure to invertebrates in mature oil palm (2014), and mature and replanted oil palm (2016-2017) plots as part of a large-scale ecological experiment programme (the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function in Tropical Agriculture project, established in 2013). Eighteen plots were examined across three estates – plots in Ujung Tanjung and Kandista estates were planted in 1987 to 1992 and are mature or over-mature oil palm, while Libo plots (2016-2017 dataset only) were replanted in 2014. Plots were organised in triplets and in in Ujung Tanjung and Kandista, for each triplet one plot was assigned to each of three vegetation treatments: Reduced vegetation cover, normal vegetation management and enhanced vegetation cover. Freshly-killed mealworms (larvae of darkling beetles, Tenebrionidae sp.) were glued onto oil palm fronds trimmed so that ca. 10 cm of each of six leaflets remained. Exclusion and stratum treatments in factorial combinations were applied: caged and uncaged, canopy and ground. The cage exclusion treatments were designed so that most invertebrates could access the fronds but vertebrates could not. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • Data comprise of radionuclide and stable element concentrations in vegetal and animal food and feedstuffs, and their corresponding transfer coefficients and concentration ratios determined in Mediterranean ecosystems in Spain. The considered foodstuff groups are: cereals, grapevine (including wine), olive tree (including olive oil), lamb, beef, pork, and dairy products from sheep, goat and cow. The data include: elemental and radioactive concentration in soil, plants, food and feedstuffs; dry to fresh ratios for foodstuffs; animal feeding diet; estimation of overall elemental and radioactive diet concentration; transfer coefficients for vegetal foodstuffs (relating dry matter elemental and radionuclide concentration in foodstuff to the dry matter concentration in soil); and concentration ratios for animal foodstuffs (relating fresh matter elemental and radionuclide concentration in foodstuff to the dry matter concentration in feedstuff). Radionuclide concentrations presented include Ra-226, Cs-137, Ra-228 and K-40. Elemental concentrations presented include Cs, Sr, K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Pb, U and Th. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • The dataset presents data on female mate choice totals for different species pair combinations. Data are presented for wild types and inbred lines of Drosophila simulans and Drosophilia sechellia females. Most of the data was generated in a laboratory at Stony Brook University, with some at Oxford University. Each test was conducted in 28.5 x 95mm plastic vials. Data was collected at different points between 2014 and 2021 by the lead data author. The work was conducted on mate choice preferences to determine how preferences vary between strains, species and among hybrids. Work was funded under NERC grant NERC NE/S010351/1. Investigating the dual role of mate choice genes in behavioural isolation and hybridization. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at

  • This dataset contains the results of a farmers’ survey in the Ping Catchment in Thailand. The aim of this survey was to identify the specific socioeconomic impacts that historical droughts in the Ping catchment have had for agricultural communities, and identify factors affecting adaptation decisions, as well as analyse the communications with and amongst farmers at the local scale in the Ping catchment during drought. Villages in the Ping catchment with a history of drought were selected to represent typical agricultural production typologies. In total, 176 questionnaires were completed with a close to even distribution of respondents coming from the provinces of Chiang Mai (n=41), Lamphun (n=45), Kamphaeng Phet (n=45) and Tak (n=45). Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset contains breakthrough curves of conservative (fluorescein) and reactive (resazurin and resorufin) tracers resulting from instantaneous tracer experiments in a lowland agricultural stream. Breakthrough curves were measured seasonally at four locations within the stream, creating three experimental reaches, in the Wood Brook, Staffordshire from July 2016 to March 2017. Breakthrough curves were measured in-situ using on-line fluorometers configured to measure the excitation of fluorescein, resazurin and resorufin every 10 seconds. The breakthrough curves were measured to determine hydrological metrics of advective transport, transient storage and aerobic respiration. The work was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, UK through a through a Central England NERC Training Alliance Studentship and grant NE/ L004437/1, with additional funding provided by the European Union through the H2020-MSCA-RISE-2016 project 734317. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • The datasets contains monthly Leica LS15 precise levelling data which is used to measure monthly peat surface motion from 49 points in 1km2 of upland (RSPB Forsinard Knockfin Heights) and 49 points in a 1km2 of lowland (Plantlife Munsary) blanket peatland within the Flow Country, Caithness and Sutherland. Data was obtained between August 2017 and February 2019 covering the 2018 European Drought Event. Also included are loop closures and measurement standard deviation data. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This data set comprises two years of data (2016 and 2017) from one trial (Hucking, Kent, UK) and one year (2017) from a second trial (Hartshorne, Derbyshire, UK). Data was collected on tree traits (tree height, shoot length, tree provenance), abundance of foliar insect herbivores (gallers, leaf manipulators and leaf miners) and leaf damage by oak powdery mildew, a foliar fungal pathogen. Data was collected from plots differing in tree diversity (provenance and species diversity). Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset consists of soil physico-chemical properties (pH, loss on ignition, bulk density, moisture content, carbon stock and concentration, total nitrogen, Olsen phosphorus) from soils sampled from up to 591 1km squares across Great Britain in 2007. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Surveys have been carried out in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998 and 2007 by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, with repeated visits to the majority of squares. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. In addition to soil data, habitat areas, vegetation species data, linear habitat data, and freshwater habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey. Please note: the use of Olsen P data, particularly in relation to acidic soils, is controversial. Please ensure these data are suitable for your requirements and exercise caution in their use. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset record provides deposition values of sulphur and nitrogen deposition and concentration values for ammonia (NH3), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) on the UK nature conservation protected sites, averaged over the years 2014 to 2016. The set also includes calculated minimum, maximum and gridded average values for each site. Protected nature sites covered are: (i) Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) (ii) Special Protection Areas (SPA) (iii) Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). The data consist of values of nitrogen and acid deposition, and concentrations of ammonia (NH3) based on the Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED), and concentrations of NOx and SO2 using the Pollution Climate Mapping (PCM) model. Nitrogen and acid deposition data is also given for specific habitat types including: (i) moorland/short vegetation everywhere, (ii) forest everywhere, and (iii) the grid square average over multiple land cover types (i.e. arable, grassland, forest, moorland, urban) These habitat-specific data are recommended for use with critical loads and levels for the calculation of critical load/level exceedances using the relevant habitat type. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • [THIS DATASET HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN]. This dataset contains vegetation survey data from an upland heath site in the Clocaenog Forest. Vegetation was surveyed in the experimental plots at the Climoor site in 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. The vegetation at the site is a typical UK upland heathland, dominated by Calluna vulgaris, with Vaccinium myrtillus and Empetrum nigrum also being present in the vegetation understory. In each year, measurements were taken at a time period of maximum growth, which was late August/early September. This was done by pin point methodology, and data includes both pin hits as well as measurements converted into plant biomass. Individual species can be examined, as well as the different components of the higher plants (i.e. leaf, stem, flower). Full details about this dataset can be found at