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Environment

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  • Data comprise of radionuclide and stable element concentrations in vegetal and animal food and feedstuffs, and their corresponding transfer coefficients and concentration ratios determined in Mediterranean ecosystems in Spain. The considered foodstuff groups are: cereals, grapevine (including wine), olive tree (including olive oil), lamb, beef, pork, and dairy products from sheep, goat and cow. The data include: elemental and radioactive concentration in soil, plants, food and feedstuffs; dry to fresh ratios for foodstuffs; animal feeding diet; estimation of overall elemental and radioactive diet concentration; transfer coefficients for vegetal foodstuffs (relating dry matter elemental and radionuclide concentration in foodstuff to the dry matter concentration in soil); and concentration ratios for animal foodstuffs (relating fresh matter elemental and radionuclide concentration in foodstuff to the dry matter concentration in feedstuff). Radionuclide concentrations presented include Ra-226, Cs-137, Ra-228 and K-40. Elemental concentrations presented include Cs, Sr, K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Pb, U and Th. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/48d5395e-e9fb-45ed-b69f-1ea0d2d36be6

  • Data comprise mealworm predation rates measured after 24 hours exposure to invertebrates in mature oil palm (2014), and mature and replanted oil palm (2016-2017) plots as part of a large-scale ecological experiment programme (the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function in Tropical Agriculture project, established in 2013). Eighteen plots were examined across three estates – plots in Ujung Tanjung and Kandista estates were planted in 1987 to 1992 and are mature or over-mature oil palm, while Libo plots (2016-2017 dataset only) were replanted in 2014. Plots were organised in triplets and in in Ujung Tanjung and Kandista, for each triplet one plot was assigned to each of three vegetation treatments: Reduced vegetation cover, normal vegetation management and enhanced vegetation cover. Freshly-killed mealworms (larvae of darkling beetles, Tenebrionidae sp.) were glued onto oil palm fronds trimmed so that ca. 10 cm of each of six leaflets remained. Exclusion and stratum treatments in factorial combinations were applied: caged and uncaged, canopy and ground. The cage exclusion treatments were designed so that most invertebrates could access the fronds but vertebrates could not. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/03d36ac4-4cf4-46d9-a608-866ba0aab458

  • Data comprise earthworm survival and weight change data after 28 days exposure to nanomaterials and reproduction data after 56 days exposure. Concentrations of zinc and silver in extracted soil pore water and ultra-filtered pore waters are reported as well as pH and dissolved organic carbon data. The body concentration of zinc, silver and titanium in three earthworms from each replicate after 28 days exposure are included. Data were generated from a laboratory exposure experiment of earthworms (Eisenia fetida) to soil amended with sewage sludge. The sewage sludges were from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) treated with nanomaterials (ENMs) or metal/ionic salts. Sewage sludges were generated with either no metal added to the WWTP influent (control), ionic ZnO, AgNO3 and bulk (micron sized) TiO2 added (ionic metal-treated) or ZnO, Ag and TiO2 ENMs added (ENM-treated). A sandy-loam soil was amended with the treated sewage sludge and aged in outdoor lysimeters for six months. Earthworms were exposed to the aged mixtures and a dilution of the mixtures (using control soil-sludge mix). Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/cc4679fd-02c1-4dd1-8aca-201ca9caaf9a

  • This dataset contains the results of a farmers’ survey in the Ping Catchment in Thailand. The aim of this survey was to identify the specific socioeconomic impacts that historical droughts in the Ping catchment have had for agricultural communities, and identify factors affecting adaptation decisions, as well as analyse the communications with and amongst farmers at the local scale in the Ping catchment during drought. Villages in the Ping catchment with a history of drought were selected to represent typical agricultural production typologies. In total, 176 questionnaires were completed with a close to even distribution of respondents coming from the provinces of Chiang Mai (n=41), Lamphun (n=45), Kamphaeng Phet (n=45) and Tak (n=45). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/155e1867-bc9d-44f0-9f85-0f682964f720

  • Data comprise site information (site identifier, name, location, zone of interest, land use type, altitude, slope, topographic position and age of deforest and fallow) and historical information from local people in the Ankeniheny Zahamena forest corridor, Madagascar. Data were collected as part of a project funded by the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme under work package 4 P4GES project, grant references: NE/K008692/1, NE/K010115/1, and NE/K010220-1. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/5771191f-8c12-40bf-af62-2624876616de

  • Datasets consists of the results of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) flow simulations for a section of the South Saskatchewan River, Canada. The aim of these CFD simulations was to investigate the effect of dunes on the depth-averaged and near-bed flow fields. Modelling was carried out using the open source CFD package OpenFOAM to solve the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. The dataset consists of two files, one with simulation results for a river bed characterised by alluvial bedforms (dunes) and one for a smooth river bed without dunes. This work was part of NERC project NE/L00738X/1. Digital Surface Models (DSMs) were constructed using imagery obtained on four occasions (13th May 2015; 2nd Sept 2016; 8th June 2017; and 12th June 2017). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/7db04405-2f5e-4543-aa94-948ddbcd588a

  • This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) for a managed lowland deep peat soil in the East Anglian Fens, England, UK. The site is managed for the production of horticultural salad crops. Measurements were made between the 22nd June 2012 and 1st January 2020 during which lettuce, leek, celery, sugar beet and potatoes crops were grown on the field. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality of the turbulent flux observations. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/13896773-01e5-48e6-bfab-c319de46b221

  • This dataset consists of freshwater pond quality data for sites across Great Britain in 2007. Data include macrophyte species records, chemistry and water quality, and environmental variables such as pollution, grazing and management, from ponds surveyed within a set of 591 1km squares across Great Britain (note - not all squares contained ponds). The survey was part of Countryside Survey, a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside, and was carried out by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and Pond Conservation. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. In addition to freshwater habitat data, habitat areas, vegetation species data, soil data and linear habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/cbb9ee99-8078-4dc4-87de-ee99390e579e

  • Data comprise soil organic carbon (SOC) content from soil simulations in a small agricultural catchment (Sunjia) which is part of the Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) in southeast China (Jianxi province). The simulations were performed using the ECOSSE model (a pool-based carbon and nitrogen turnover model) and soil and climate input data were provided by the research farm at the soil science department of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Simulations were conducted in 2018. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f8955c65-0103-4a26-9078-f34ec6a28676

  • Data comprise sunflower seed predation rates (i.e. number of seeds remaining) after 24 hours under different treatments in 18 experimental plots plots established in 2013 as part of the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function in Tropical Agriculture (BEFTA) programme. Eighteen plots were examined across three estates – plots in Ujung Tanjung and Kandista estates were planted in 1987 to 1992 and are mature or over-mature oil palm, while Libo plots were replanted in 2014. Plots were organised in triplets and in Ujung Tanjung and Kandista, for each triplet one plot was assigned to each of three vegetation treatments: Reduced vegetation cover, normal vegetation management and enhanced vegetation cover. The project 'Managing tropical agricultural ecosystems for resistance and recovery of ecosystem processes' was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council under NE/P00458X/1. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/1256d475-f321-4a9b-b4ed-927e5b825d3f