From 1 - 10 / 18
  • Data from the ETH-PMOD (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich and the Physical-Meteorology Observatory Davos) SOCOL3 model, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the following CCMI-1 experiments: Reference experiments: ref-C1 and ref-C2. Sensitivity experiments: senC2fCH4, senC2CH4rcp85, senC2fEmis, senC2fN2O, senC2rcp26, senC2rcp45, senC2rcp85. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases (GHGs), tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions. senC2CH4rcp85: Similar to ref-C2 but the methane surface-mixing ratio follows the RCP 8.5 scenario (Meinshausen et al., 2011), all other GHGs and forcings follow RCP 6.0. senC2fCH4: Similar to ref-C2 but the methane surface-mixing ratio is fixed to its 1960 value. senC2fEmis: Similar to ref-C2 but with surface and aircraft emissions fixed to their respective 1960 levels. senC2fN2O: Similar to ref-C2 but the nitrous oxide surface-mixing ratio is fixed to its 1960 value. senC2rcp26: The same as ref-C2, but with the GHG scenario changed to RCP 2.6 (Meinshausen et al., 2011). senC2rcp45: The same as ref-C2, but with the GHG scenario changed to RCP 4.5 (Meinshausen et al., 2011). senC2rcp85: The same as ref-C2, but with the GHG scenario changed to RCP 8.5 (Meinshausen et al., 2011).

  • This dataset contains model output for refC1SD experiment using version 7.3 of the Met Office Unified Model, based on the science version HadGEM3-A configuration (Hewitt et al.,2011, DOI:10.5194/gmd-4-223-2011) coupled with the United Kingdom Chemistry and Aerosol scheme. The simulation follows the experimental design of the IGAC/Stratosphere troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative (CCMI) refC1SD experiment. This simulation spans 1979-2010, with emissions taken from MACCity (Granier et al., 2011, DOI:10.1007/s10584-011-0154-1), and uses prescribed sea surface temperatures and sea ice from HadISST (Rayner et al., 2003, DOI:10.1029/2002JD002670). Horizontal wind components (u and v) and potential temperature (θ) are nudged (following (Telford et al., 2008, DOI:10.5194/acp-8-1701-2008) to ERA-Interim Reanalysis data (Dee et al.,2011, DOI:10.1002/qj.828). The data comprise monthly mean output over the period 1979-2010 for ozone, ozone production and loss, and diagnostics suitable for the calculation of the tropospheric ozone budget. We archive data from this experiment as HIST, and iIn order to assess the role of recent changes to the stratospheric ozone burden on the tropospheric ozone budget, a second integration (fODS_LBC) is archived in which the lower boundary condition of all halogenated ODS was kept constant at 1979 values, but all other forcings and emissions were allowed to evolve as in the HIST experiment.

  • Data from the MOHC (Met Office Hadley Centre) HadGEM3-ES model, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the CCMI-1 reference experiments: ref-C1 and ref-C2. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions.

  • Data from the GSFC (Goddard Space Flight Centre) GEOSCCM model simulations, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the CCMI-1 reference experiments ref-C1 and ref-C2. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions.

  • Data from the University of Cambridge - United Kingdom Chemistry and Aerosol model (UMUKCA-UCAM) , part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the following CCMI-1 reference experiments: ref-C1, ref-C1SD and ref-C2. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C1SD: Similar to ref-C1 but the models are nudged towards reanalysis datasets, and correspondingly the simulations only cover 1980–2010. (“SD” stands for specified dynamics.) ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions.

  • Data from the Seoul National University Atmospheric Chemistry Modelling Group (SNU-ACMG) Global/Regional Integrated Model system‐Chemistry Climate Model (GRIMs-CCM) model , part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the CCMI-1 reference experiments ref-C1 and ref-C1SD. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C1SD: Similar to ref-C1 but the models are nudged towards reanalysis datasets, and correspondingly the simulations only cover 1980–2010. (“SD” stands for specified dynamics.)

  • Data from the Met Office Hadley Centre (MOHC) Earth System model HadGEM3-ES, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the following CCMI-1 reference experiments: ref-C1 and ref-C2. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions.

  • Data from the Meteorological Research Institute (MRI) Japan Earth System Model version 1 (ESM1), part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the following CCMI-1 reference experiments: ref-C1, refC1SD and ref-C2. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C1SD: Similar to ref-C1 but the models are nudged towards reanalysis datasets, and correspondingly the simulations only cover 1980–2010. (“SD” stands for specified dynamics.) ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions.

  • Model data from CHASER MIROC-ESM, the atmospheric chemistry coupled version of the MIROC Earth System Model, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the following CCMI-1 experiments: Reference experiments: ref-C1SD and ref-C2. Sensitivity experiments: senC1SDfEmis, senC2fCH4, senC2fEmis, senC2fGHG, senC2fN2O and senC2fODS. ref-C1SD: Similar to ref-C1 but the models are nudged towards reanalysis datasets, and correspondingly the simulations only cover 1980–2010. (“SD” stands for specified dynamics.) ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions. senC1SDfEmis: Surface emissions such as nitrogen oxides (NOx ), carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), and aerosol precursors are prescribed at 1960 levels throughout, allowing the influence of meteorological variability on tropospheric composition to be established. senC2fEmis: Similar to ref-C2 but with surface and aircraft emissions fixed to their respective 1960 levels. senC2fGHG: Similar to ref-C2 but with greenhouse gasses (GHGs) fixed at their 1960 levels, and sea surface and sea ice conditions prescribed as the 1955–1964 average (where these conditions are imposed). senC2fCH4: Similar to ref-C2 but the methane surface-mixing ratio is fixed to its 1960 value. senC2fN2O: Similar to ref-C2 but the nitrous oxide surface-mixing ratio is fixed to its 1960 value. senC2fODS: Similar to ref-C2 but with ozone-depleting (halogenated) substances (ODSs) fixed at their 1960 levels.

  • Data from the ECHAM/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC) model, part of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC)/ Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative phase 1 (CCMI-1). CCMI-1 is a global chemistry climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by the University of Reading on behalf of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). The dataset includes data for the following CCMI-1 experiments: Reference experiments: ref-C1, ref-C1SD and ref-C2. Sensitivity experiment: senC2fGHG. ref-C1: Using state-of-knowledge historic forcings and observed sea surface conditions, the models simulate the recent past (1960–2010). ref-C1SD: Similar to ref-C1 but the models are nudged towards reanalysis datasets, and correspondingly the simulations only cover 1980–2010. (“SD” stands for specified dynamics.) ref-C2: Simulations spanning the period 1960–2100. The experiments follow the WMO (2011) A1 baseline scenario for ozone depleting substances and the RCP 6.0 (Meinshausen et al., 2011) for other greenhouse gases, tropospheric ozone (O3) precursors, and aerosol and aerosol precursor emissions. senC2fGHG: Similar to ref-C2 but with greenhouse gasses (GHGs) fixed at their 1960 levels, and sea surface and sea ice conditions prescribed as the 1955–1964 average (where these conditions are imposed).