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  • This dataset contains 17-year-long (June 2002 to May 2018 ), high-resolution (20 Hz), along-track sea level dataset in coastal zones of six regions: Mediterranean Sea, Northeast Atlantic, West Africa, North Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia and Australia. Up to now, satellite altimetry has provided global gridded sea level time series up to 10-15 km from the coast only, preventing the estimation of how sea level changes very close to the coast on interannual to decadal time scales. This dataset has been derived from the ESA SL_cci+ v1.1 dataset of coastal sea level anomalies (also available in the catalogue, DOI:10.5270/esa-sl_cci-xtrack_ales_sla-200206_201805-v1.1-202005), which is based on the reprocessing of raw radar altimetry waveforms from the Jason-1, Jason-2 and Jason-3 satellite missions to derive satellite-sea surface ranges as close as possible to the coast (a process called ‘retracking’) and optimization of the geophysical corrections applied to the range measurements to produce sea level time series. This large amount of coastal sea level estimates has been further analysed to produce the present dataset: it consists in a selection of 429 portions of satellite tracks crossing land for which valid sea level time series are provided at monthly interval together with the associated sea level trends over the 17-year time span at each along-track 20-Hz point, from 20 km offshore to the coast. The main objective of this dataset is to analyze the sea level trends close to the coast and compare them with the sea level trends observed in the open ocean and to determine the causes of the potential differences. The product has been developed within the sea level project of the extension phase of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (SL_cci+). See 'The Climate Change Coastal Sea Level Team (2020). Sea level anomalies and associated trends estimated from altimetry from 2002 to 2018 at selected coastal sites. Scientific Data (Nature), in press'. This dataset has a DOI: https://doi.org/10.17882/74354

  • This dataset contains along-track sea level anomalies derived from satellite altimetry. Altimeter along-track sea level measurements from the Jason-1, Jason -2 and Jason-3 satellite missions have been processed to produce high resolution (20 Hz, corresponding to an along-track distance of ~300m) sea level anomalies, in order to provide long-term homogeneous sea level time series as close to the coast as possible in six different coastal regions (North-East Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Western Africa, North Indian Ocean, South-East Asia and Australia). These six time series cover the period from 15 January 2002 to 30 May 2018. The product benefits from the spatial resolution provided by high-rate data, the Adaptive Leading Edge Subwaveform Retracker (ALES) and the post-processing strategy of the along-track (X-TRACK) algorithm, both developed for the processing of coastal altimetry data, as well as the best possible set of geophysical corrections. The main objective of this product is to provide accurate altimeter Sea Level Anomalies (SLA) time series as close to the coast as possible in order to assess whether the coastal sea level trends experienced at the coast are similar to the observed sea level trends in the open ocean and to determine the causes of the potential discrepancies. The product has been developed within the sea level project of the extension phase of the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (SL_cci+). During the project, the product will be extended in spatial coverage and with additional altimeter missions. This version of the dataset is v1.1. (DOI: 10.5270/esa-sl_cci-xtrack_ales_sla-200206_201805-v1.1-202005)

  • As part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sea Level Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Project, Fundamental Climate Data Records (FCDRs) have been computed for all the altimeter missions used within the project. These FCDR's consist of along track values of sea level anomalies and altimeter standards for the period between 1993 and 2015. This version of the product is v2.0. The FCDR's are mono-mission products, derived from the respective altimeter level-2 products. They have been produced along the tracks of the different altimeters, with a resolution of 1Hz, corresponding to a ground distance close to 6km. The dataset is separated by altimeter mission, and divided into files by altimetric cycle corresponding to the repetivity of the mission. When using or referring to the Sea Level cci products, please mention the associated DOIs and also use the following citation where a detailed description of the Sea Level_cci project and products can be found: Ablain, M., Cazenave, A., Larnicol, G., Balmaseda, M., Cipollini, P., Faugère, Y., Fernandes, M. J., Henry, O., Johannessen, J. A., Knudsen, P., Andersen, O., Legeais, J., Meyssignac, B., Picot, N., Roca, M., Rudenko, S., Scharffenberg, M. G., Stammer, D., Timms, G., and Benveniste, J.: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project, Ocean Sci., 11, 67-82, doi:10.5194/os-11-67-2015, 2015. For further information on the Sea Level CCI products, and to register for these projects please email: info-sealevel@esa-sealevel-cci.org

  • As part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sea Level Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project, a multi-satellite merged time series of monthly gridded Sea Level Anomalies (SLA) has been produced from satellite altimeter measurements. The Sea Level Anomaly grids have been calculated after merging the altimetry mission measurements together into monthly grids, with a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. This version of the product is Version 2.0. The following DOI can be used to reference the monthly Sea Level Anomaly product: DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-MSLA-1993_2015-v_2.0-201612 The complete collection of v2.0 products from the Sea Level CCI project can be referenced using the following DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-1993_2015-v_2.0-201612 When using or referring to the Sea Level cci products, please mention the associated DOIs and also use the following citation where a detailed description of the Sea Level_cci project and products can be found: Ablain, M., Cazenave, A., Larnicol, G., Balmaseda, M., Cipollini, P., Faugère, Y., Fernandes, M. J., Henry, O., Johannessen, J. A., Knudsen, P., Andersen, O., Legeais, J., Meyssignac, B., Picot, N., Roca, M., Rudenko, S., Scharffenberg, M. G., Stammer, D., Timms, G., and Benveniste, J.: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project, Ocean Sci., 11, 67-82, doi:10.5194/os-11-67-2015, 2015. For further information on the Sea Level CCI products, and to register for these projects please email: info-sealevel@esa-sealevel-cci.org

  • This dataset contains various global lake products (1992-2019) produced by the European Space Agency (ESA) Lakes Climate Change Initiative (Lakes_cci) project. Lakes are of significant interest to the scientific community, local to national governments, industries and the wider public. A range of scientific disciplines including hydrology, limnology, climatology, biogeochemistry and geodesy are interested in distribution and functioning of the millions of lakes (from small ponds to inland seas), from the local to the global scale. Remote sensing provides an opportunity to extend the spatio-temporal scale of lake observation. The five thematic climate variables included in this dataset are: • Lake Water Level (LWL): a proxy fundamental to understand the balance between water inputs and water loss and their connection with regional and global climate changes. • Lake Water Extent (LWE): a proxy for change in glacial regions (lake expansion) and drought in many arid environments, water extent relates to local climate for the cooling effect that water bodies provide. • Lake Surface Water temperature (LSWT): correlated with regional air temperatures and a proxy for mixing regimes, driving biogeochemical cycling and seasonality. • Lake Ice Cover (LIC): freeze-up in autumn and advancing break-up in spring are proxies for gradually changing climate patterns and seasonality. • Lake Water-Leaving Reflectance (LWLR): a direct indicator of biogeochemical processes and habitats in the visible part of the water column (e.g. seasonal phytoplankton biomass fluctuations), and an indicator of the frequency of extreme events (peak terrestrial run-off, changing mixing conditions). Data generated in the Lakes_cci project are derived from data from multiple instruments and multiple satellites including; TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason, ENVISAT, SARAL, Sentinel, Landsat, ERS, Terra/Aqua, Suomi NPP, Metop and Orbview. For more information please see the product user guide in the documents.

  • As part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sea Level Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project, a number of oceanic indicators of mean sea level changes have been produced from merging satellite altimetry measurements of sea level anomalies. The oceanic indicators dataset consists of static files covering the whole altimeter period, describing the evolution of the project's monthly sea level anomaly gridded product (see separate dataset record). A number of indicators are provided including: - the temporal evolution of the global mean sea level (MSL) with the global slope DOI: DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-IND_MSL_MERGED-1993_2014-v_1.1-201512 - the geographical distribution of MSL trends DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-IND_MSLTR_MERGED-1993_2014-v_1.1-201512 - Maps of the amplitude and phase of the main periodic signals (annual, semi-annual) DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-IND_MSLAMPH_MERGED-1993_2014-v_1.1-201512 The complete collection of v1.1 products from the Sea Level CCI project can be referenced using the following DOI:10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-1993_2014-v_1.1-201512. When using or referring to the SL_cci products, please mention the associated DOIs and also use the following citation where a detailed description of the SL_cci project and products can be found: Ablain, M., Cazenave, A., Larnicol, G., Balmaseda, M., Cipollini, P., Faugère, Y., Fernandes, M. J., Henry, O., Johannessen, J. A., Knudsen, P., Andersen, O., Legeais, J., Meyssignac, B., Picot, N., Roca, M., Rudenko, S., Scharffenberg, M. G., Stammer, D., Timms, G., and Benveniste, J.: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project, Ocean Sci., 11, 67-82, doi:10.5194/os-11-67-2015, 2015. For further information on the Sea Level CCI products, and to register your interest with the CCI team please email: info-sealevel@esa-sealevel-cci.org

  • As part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sea Level Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project, a multi-satellite merged time series of monthly gridded Sea Level Anomalies (SLA) has been produced from satellite altimeter measurements. The Sea Level Anomaly grids have been calculated after merging the altimetry mission measurements together into monthly grids, with a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. This version of the product is Version 1.1. The following DOI can be used to reference the monthly Sea Level Anomaly product: DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-MSLA-1993_2014-v_1.1-201512 The complete collection of v1.1 products from the Sea Level CCI project can be referenced using the following DOI:10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-1993_2014-v_1.1-201512. When using or referring to the Sea Level cci products, please mention the associated DOIs and also use the following citation where a detailed description of the Sea Level_cci project and products can be found: Ablain, M., Cazenave, A., Larnicol, G., Balmaseda, M., Cipollini, P., Faugère, Y., Fernandes, M. J., Henry, O., Johannessen, J. A., Knudsen, P., Andersen, O., Legeais, J., Meyssignac, B., Picot, N., Roca, M., Rudenko, S., Scharffenberg, M. G., Stammer, D., Timms, G., and Benveniste, J.: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project, Ocean Sci., 11, 67-82, doi:10.5194/os-11-67-2015, 2015. For further information on the Sea Level CCI products, and to register for these projects please email: info-sealevel@esa-sealevel-cci.org

  • This dataset contains various global lake products (1992-2019) produced by the European Space Agency (ESA) Lakes Climate Change Initiative (Lakes_cci) project. This is version 1.1 of the dataset. Lakes are of significant interest to the scientific community, local to national governments, industries and the wider public. A range of scientific disciplines including hydrology, limnology, climatology, biogeochemistry and geodesy are interested in distribution and functioning of the millions of lakes (from small ponds to inland seas), from the local to the global scale. Remote sensing provides an opportunity to extend the spatio-temporal scale of lake observation. The five thematic climate variables included in this dataset are: • Lake Water Level (LWL): a proxy fundamental to understand the balance between water inputs and water loss and their connection with regional and global climate changes. • Lake Water Extent (LWE): a proxy for change in glacial regions (lake expansion) and drought in many arid environments, water extent relates to local climate for the cooling effect that water bodies provide. • Lake Surface Water temperature (LSWT): correlated with regional air temperatures and a proxy for mixing regimes, driving biogeochemical cycling and seasonality. • Lake Ice Cover (LIC): freeze-up in autumn and advancing break-up in spring are proxies for gradually changing climate patterns and seasonality. • Lake Water-Leaving Reflectance (LWLR): a direct indicator of biogeochemical processes and habitats in the visible part of the water column (e.g. seasonal phytoplankton biomass fluctuations), and an indicator of the frequency of extreme events (peak terrestrial run-off, changing mixing conditions). Data generated in the Lakes_cci project are derived from data from multiple instruments and multiple satellites including; TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason, ENVISAT, SARAL, Sentinel, Landsat, ERS, Terra/Aqua, Suomi NPP, Metop and Orbview. For more information please see the product user guide in the documents.

  • As part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Sea Level Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project, a number of oceanic indicators of mean sea level changes have been produced from merging satellite altimetry measurements of sea level anomalies. The oceanic indicators dataset consists of static files covering the whole altimeter period, describing the evolution of the project's monthly sea level anomaly gridded product (see separate dataset record). The oceanic indicators that are provided are: 1) the temporal evolution of the global Mean Sea Level (MSL) DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-IND_MSL_MERGED-1993_2015-v_2.0-201612 ; 2) the geographic distribution of Mean Sea Level changes (MSLTR) DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-IND_MSLTR_MERGED-1993_2015-v_2.0-201612 ; 3) Maps of the amplitude and phase of the annual cycle (MSLAMPH) DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-IND_MSLAMPH_MERGED-1993_2015-v_2.0-201612. The complete collection of v2.0 products from the Sea Level CCI project can be referenced using the following DOI: 10.5270/esa-sea_level_cci-1993_2015-v_2.0-201612. When using or referring to the SL_cci products, please mention the associated DOIs and also use the following citation where a detailed description of the SL_cci project and products can be found: Ablain, M., Cazenave, A., Larnicol, G., Balmaseda, M., Cipollini, P., Faugère, Y., Fernandes, M. J., Henry, O., Johannessen, J. A., Knudsen, P., Andersen, O., Legeais, J., Meyssignac, B., Picot, N., Roca, M., Rudenko, S., Scharffenberg, M. G., Stammer, D., Timms, G., and Benveniste, J.: Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project, Ocean Sci., 11, 67-82, doi:10.5194/os-11-67-2015, 2015. For further information on the Sea Level CCI products, and to register for these products please email: info-sealevel@esa-sealevel-cci.org