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  • The Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) is a broad-band, four to six-channel (depending on the model) scanner, sensing in the visible, near-infrared, and thermal infrared portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. This sensor is carried on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites (POES), beginning with TIROS-N in 1978. AVHRR provides day and night imaging of land, water, and clouds as well as measurements of sea surface temperature, ice snow, and vegetation cover. NEODAAS (NERC Earth Observation Data Acquisition and Analysis Service) Dundee Satellite Receiving Station retrieved data from the NOAA satellites and initially published the products. The data were transferred to CEDA when the Dundee Satellite Receiving Station (NEODAAS Dundee node) facility was closed to continue the long term archive.

  • The Coastal Zone Colour Scanner (CZCS) was a multi-channel scanning radiometer aboard the US Nimbus 7 satellite. Nimbus 7 was launched 24 October 1978, and CZCS became operational on 2 November 1978. It was only designed to operate for one year (as a proof-of-concept), but in fact remained in service until 22 June 1986. Its operation on board the Nimbus 7 was limited to alternate days as it shared its power with the passive microwave scanning multi channel microwave radiometer. CZCS measured reflected solar energy in six channels, at a resolution of 800 meters. These measurements were used to map chlorophyll concentration in water, sediment distribution, salinity, and the temperature of coastal waters and ocean currents. The data were transferred to CEDA when the Dundee Satellite Receiving Station (NEODAAS Dundee node) facility was closed to continue the long term archive.

  • The Quality Assurance for Essential Climate Variables (QA4ECV) project produced four daily polar sea-ice products, each with a different averaging time window (24 hours, 7 days, 15 days, 31 days). For each time window, the number of samples, mean and standard deviation of Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) cloud-free sea ice albedo was calculated. These products are on a predefined polar stereographic grid at three spatial resolutions (1 km, 5 km, 25 km). The time span of the generated sea ice albedo covers the months between March and September of each year from 2000 to 2016 inclusive. If publishing results based on this dataset, please cite the following: S. Kharbouche and J.-P. Muller, “Sea Ice Albedo from MISR and MODIS: Production, Validation, and Trend Analysis,” Remote Sensing, vol. 11,no. 1, p. 9, Dec. 2018. DOI: 10.3390/rs11010009. URL:

  • COBRA (impact of COmbined iodine and Bromine Release on the Arctic atmosphere) is a UK IPY (International Polar Year) consortium that aims to investigate the release mechanisms of iodine in the Arctic and the potential combined effects of iodine and bromine on its atmosphere. The team measured reactive inorganic halogens (BrO, IO, OIO, I2), O3, Hg, HOx, HCHO, NOx, VOCs and reactive halocarbons from temporary laboratories located on the eastern shore of Hudson Bay, north of Kuujjuarapik, during February-March 2008. Met balloons and O3 sondes were launched daily. COBRA set up an ice camp and flux chamber experiments ~500 m into the bay to directly measure halogen emissions and ozone deposition, and measured physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the sea-ice (and potentially of frost flowers) at different depths. The project is linked with OOTI, which carried out a simultaneous field experiment at Kuujjuarapik.

  • This dataset collection comprises Ungridded Brightness Temperature (UBT) products from both ATSR-1 and ATSR-2 on the respective ERS-1 & 2 platforms. The ATSR (Along Track Scanning Radiometer) is an imaging radiometer providing images of the Earth from space. The ERS (Earth Resources Satellite) was the first ESA satellite observation programme comprising 2 polar orbiters. The ERS-1 and 2 programmes commenced in 1991 and 1995 respectively with ERS1 ceasing operations in 2000 and ERS-2 in 2011. The UBT data is an ungridded brightness temperature/reflectance product in the SADIST-2 data format. The product contains ungridded, calibrated brightness temperatures or reflectances from all or some of the ATSR-1/ATSR-2 detectors. Although the product remains ungridded, it may optionally contain pixel latitude/longitude positions, and/or pixel X/Y (across-track/along-track) co-ordinates. Ungridded products contain pixels in the ATSR scan geometry. There is a correspondence between the contents of a record and the contents of an ATSR instrument scan. ATSR data is notable in that it incorporated 2 look directions (nadir and forward) to aid in atmospheric correction and also incorporated consistent calibration for each scan/scene. ATSR-1 and 2 data are available at CEDA to any registered UK user with correct authorisation from the ATSR-1/2 Science Team, and NERC Award reference. Non NERC users should have ESA Category 1 clearance. However, users are encouraged to use the ATSR-1/2 in the latest AATSR multimission format in preference to this UBT data. CEDA remains the primary archive for this data.

  • The data are from a proof-of-concept study to assess the feasibility of accurately measuring ozone (O3) and hydroxyl (OH) profiles from the ground using accessible satellite TV receiver technology. The datasets include a synthesis of atmospheric model and a priori atmospheric datasets for selected polar locations, atmospheric transmittance spectra calculated for those locations, and O3 and OH profile retrieval results.

  • The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS) was an international field campaign initiated by the German Research Foundation (DFG). This dataset collection contains vertical wind profiler measurements. The UK component of the campaign involved flights by the FAAM aircraft and the deployment of a number of the UK Universities' Facility for Atmospheric Measurement (UFAM) mobile instruments in summer 2007. These included a Doppler Lidar, a radiometer, a wind profiler, two sodars, an aerosol monitoring suite, a network of automatic weather stations and two radiosonde stations. The objective was to identify the physical and chemical processes responsible for the deficiencies in quantitative precipitation forecasting (QPF) over low-mountain regions with the goal of improving their model representation, and thus improve forecasts. For the field experiment, a region in southwestern Germany/eastern France was selected where severe thunderstorm activity is frequent in summer with significant amounts of precipitation and risk of flash flood events, while the skill of numerical weather forecasts in the region is particularly low. This dataset includes measurements of wind speeds and wind directions and aerosol concentrations.