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Late Mesoproterozoic Paranoa Group, Brazil, stable carbon, nitrogen and sulphur isotopes (NERC Grant NE/V010824/1)
Organic carbon, total nitrogen, total reduced sulfur and carbonate-associated sulfur isotopes measured on decarbonated stromatolite samples from the Paranoa Group (1.1 Ga).
This dataset contains major, trace, and volatile element contents, and sulfur isotope ratio data measured in silicate glasses found in volcanic rocks from the Central American Volcanic Arc. The files have been first published as supplementary data in: Taracsák et al. (2023): Sulfur from the subducted slab dominates the sulfur budget of the mantle wedge under volcanic arcs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 601:117948 The data is also accessable via the following DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117948
This file documents the sulphur isotope data, and the manner in which it has been processed, to supply the reference data for isotope domains of the Isotope biosphere domains GB (V1) map. It includes a summary of the analytical methods used to determine the isotope ratios though time.
Pyrite samples from selected sedimentary organic-rich formations or associated igneous and metamorphic rocks were analysed by conventional S isotopic analysis. Pyrites were measured in order to provide insights into their origin. Light and variable S isotope compositions in pyrite have been used to infer the influence of sulphate-reducing bacteria (and subsequent Se precipitation by sulphate-reducing microbes), whereas heavier S isotope compositions indicate a non-biological origin (i.e. physical and chemical diagenesis).
Rare earth element, major and minor element, and iron speciation data for nine independent sections in the Nama Group, described in detail in Wood et al., 2015, Precambrian Research, and Tostevin et al., 2016, Nature Communications. Additional data for Zebra River section include sulfur isotopes from carbonate associated sulfate (published in Tostevin et al, 2017, Precambrian Research); Uranium isotope data for carbonates (published in Tostevin et al., 2019, EPSL); Calcium isotope data for carbonates (unpublished).