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  • Data for Figure 3.2 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.2 shows changes in surface temperature for different paleoclimates. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has three subpanels, the data provided for all panels in subdirectories named panel_a, panel_b, panel_c --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- For panel (a): - PMIP3 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - PMIP4 CMIP6 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - PMIP4 non-CMIP6 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - Tierney 2020 reconstructions of marine temperature - Cleator 2020 reconstructions of continental temperature For panel (b): - CMIP5 temperature data for paleoclimate periods - CMIP6 temperature data for paleoclimate periods - non-CMIP temperature data for paleoclimate periods - Instrumental observational and observations from reconstructions For panel (c): - Volcanic forcing from TS17, CU12, GRA08 - CMIP6 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with TS17 volcanic forcing - CMIP5 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with CU12 volcanic forcing - CMIP5 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with GRA08 volcanic forcing --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- - panel_a/temperature_anomalies_scatter_points.csv relates to the scatter points and their standard deviation for panel (a) - For panel (b) the datasets are stored as following panel_b/temperature_{color}_{marker}_{period}_{model_group}_{additional_info}.csv and relates to the scatter points for panel (b). - For panel (c) the data is stored in panel_c/gmst_changes_paleo_volcanic_forcings.csv and relates to red, green, blue and black lines on the panel as well as grey shadings. Additional information about data provided in relation to figure in files headers. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. PMIP4 is the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 4 PMIP3 is the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 3 --------------------------------------------------- Temporal Range of Paleoclimate Data --------------------------------------------------- This dataset covers a paleoclimate timespan from 3.3Ma to 6ka (3.3 million years ago to 6 thousand years ago). --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data. --------------------------------------------------- For panel (a) the error bar should be plotted as anomalies from columns 2/4 +/- standard deviation. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.

  • Data for Figure 3.37 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.37 shows observed and simulated seasonality of ENSO. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has two panels. All the data are provided in enso_seasonality.nc. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- This dataset contains - Climatological standard deviation of the ENSO index - A seasonality metric of the ENSO index in observations, CMIP5 historical-RCP4.5 and CMIP6 historical simulations. --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- Panel a: - stdv_enso_obs; black curves . ERSSTv5, dashed lines: dataset = 1 . HadISST, solid lines: dataset = 2 - stdv_enso_cmip5: Climatological standard deviation of the ENSO index time series in each ensemble member of CMIP5 models blue curve and shading - stdv_enso_cmip6: Climatological standard deviation of the ENSO index time series in each ensemble member of CMIP6 models; red curve and shading . ACCESS-CM2: ens_cmip6 = 1 - 3 . ACCESS-ESM1-5: ens_cmip6 = 4 - 23 . AWI-CM-1-1-MR: ens_cmip6 = 24 - 28 . AWI-ESM-1-1-LR: ens_cmip6 = 29 . BCC-CSM2-MR: ens_cmip6 = 30 - 32 . BCC-ESM1: ens_cmip6 = 33 - 35 . CAMS-CSM1-0: ens_cmip6 = 36-38 . CanESM5-CanOE: ens_cmip6 = 39 - 41 . CanESM5: ens_cmip6 = 42 - 106 . CESM2-FV2: ens_cmip6 = 107 - 109 . CESM2: ens_cmip6 = 110 - 120 . CESM2-WACCM-FV2: ens_cmip6 = 121 - 123 . CESM2-WACCM: ens_cmip6 = 124 - 126 . CIESM: ens_cmip6 = 127 - 129 . CMCC-CM2-HR4: ens_cmip6 = 130 . CMCC-CM2-SR5: ens_cmip6 = 131 . CMCC-ESM2: ens_cmip6 = 132 . CNRM-CM6-1-HR: ens_cmip6 = 133 . CNRM-CM6-1: ens_cmip6 = 134 - 162 . CNRM-ESM2-1: ens_cmip6 = 163 - 172 . E3SM-1-0: ens_cmip6 = 173 - 177 . E3SM-1-1-ECA: ens_cmip6 = 178 . E3SM-1-1: ens_cmip6 = 179 . EC-Earth3-AerChem: ens_cmip6 = 180, 181 . EC-Earth3-CC: ens_cmip6 = 182 . EC-Earth3: ens_cmip6 = 183 - 204 . EC-Earth3-Veg-LR: ens_cmip6 = 205 - 207 . EC-Earth3-Veg: ens_cmip6 = 208 - 215 . FGOALS-f3-L: ens_cmip6 = 216 - 218 . FGOALS-g3: ens_cmip6 = 219 - 224 . FIO-ESM-2-0: ens_cmip6 = 225 - 227 . GFDL-CM4: ens_cmip6 = 228 . GFDL-ESM4: ens_cmip6 = 229 - 231 . GISS-E2-1-G-CC: ens_cmip6 = 232 . GISS-E2-1-G: ens_cmip6 = 233 - 278 . GISS-E2-1-H: ens_cmip6 = 279 - 302 . HadGEM3-GC31-LL: ens_cmip6 = 303 - 306 . HadGEM3-GC31-MM: ens_cmip6 = 307 - 310 . IITM-ESM: ens_cmip6 = 311 . INM-CM4-8: ens_cmip6 = 312 . INM-CM5-0: ens_cmip6 = 313 - 322 . IPSL-CM5A2-INCA: ens_cmip6 = 323 . IPSL-CM6A-LR: ens_cmip6 = 324 - 355 . KACE-1-0-G: ens_cmip6 = 356-358 . KIOST-ESM: ens_cmip6 = 359 . MCM-UA-1-0: ens_cmip6 = 360, 361 . MIROC6: ens_cmip6 = 362 - 411 . MIROC-ES2L: ens_cmip6 = 412 - 421 . MPI-ESM-1-2-HAM: ens_cmip6 = 422 - 424 . MPI-ESM1-2-HR: ens_cmip6 = 425 - 434 . MPI-ESM1-2-LR: ens_cmip6 = 435 -  444 . MRI-ESM2-0: ens_cmip6 = 445 - 450 . NESM3: ens_cmip6 = 451 - 455 . NorCPM1: ens_cmip6 = 456 - 485 . NorESM2-LM: ens_cmip6 = 486 - 488 . NorESM2-MM: ens_cmip6 = 489 - 490 . SAM0-UNICON: ens_cmip6 = 491 . TaiESM1: ens_cmip6 = 492 . UKESM1-0-LL: ens_cmip6 = 493 - 510 Panel b: - seasonality_enso_obs; black vertical lines and numbers in the top right box . ERSSTv5, dashed lines: dataset = 1 . HadISST, solid lines: dataset = 2 - seasonality_enso_cmip5; Seasonality metric in each ensemble member of CMIP5 models; blue box-whisker and number in the top right box - seasonality_enso_cmip6; Seasonality metric in each ensemble member of CMIP6 models; red dots, with their multimodal ensemble mean and percentiles for the red box-whisker and number in the top right box . ACCESS-CM2: ens_cmip6 = 1 - 3 . ACCESS-ESM1-5: ens_cmip6 = 4 - 23 . AWI-CM-1-1-MR: ens_cmip6 = 24 - 28 . AWI-ESM-1-1-LR: ens_cmip6 = 29 . BCC-CSM2-MR: ens_cmip6 = 30 - 32 . BCC-ESM1: ens_cmip6 = 33 - 35 . CAMS-CSM1-0: ens_cmip6 = 36-38 . CanESM5-CanOE: ens_cmip6 = 39 - 41 . CanESM5: ens_cmip6 = 42 - 106 . CESM2-FV2: ens_cmip6 = 107 - 109 . CESM2: ens_cmip6 = 110 - 120 . CESM2-WACCM-FV2: ens_cmip6 = 121 - 123 . CESM2-WACCM: ens_cmip6 = 124 - 126 . CIESM: ens_cmip6 = 127 - 129 . CMCC-CM2-HR4: ens_cmip6 = 130 . CMCC-CM2-SR5: ens_cmip6 = 131 . CMCC-ESM2: ens_cmip6 = 132 . CNRM-CM6-1-HR: ens_cmip6 = 133 . CNRM-CM6-1: ens_cmip6 = 134 - 162 . CNRM-ESM2-1: ens_cmip6 = 163 - 172 . E3SM-1-0: ens_cmip6 = 173 - 177 . E3SM-1-1-ECA: ens_cmip6 = 178 . E3SM-1-1: ens_cmip6 = 179 . EC-Earth3-AerChem: ens_cmip6 = 180, 181 . EC-Earth3-CC: ens_cmip6 = 182 . EC-Earth3: ens_cmip6 = 183 - 204 . EC-Earth3-Veg-LR: ens_cmip6 = 205 - 207 . EC-Earth3-Veg: ens_cmip6 = 208 - 215 . FGOALS-f3-L: ens_cmip6 = 216 - 218 . FGOALS-g3: ens_cmip6 = 219 - 224 . FIO-ESM-2-0: ens_cmip6 = 225 - 227 . GFDL-CM4: ens_cmip6 = 228 . GFDL-ESM4: ens_cmip6 = 229 - 231 . GISS-E2-1-G-CC: ens_cmip6 = 232 . GISS-E2-1-G: ens_cmip6 = 233 - 278 . GISS-E2-1-H: ens_cmip6 = 279 - 302 . HadGEM3-GC31-LL: ens_cmip6 = 303 - 306 . HadGEM3-GC31-MM: ens_cmip6 = 307 - 310 . IITM-ESM: ens_cmip6 = 311 . INM-CM4-8: ens_cmip6 = 312 . INM-CM5-0: ens_cmip6 = 313 - 322 . IPSL-CM5A2-INCA: ens_cmip6 = 323 . IPSL-CM6A-LR: ens_cmip6 = 324 - 355 . KACE-1-0-G: ens_cmip6 = 356-358 . KIOST-ESM: ens_cmip6 = 359 . MCM-UA-1-0: ens_cmip6 = 360, 361 . MIROC6: ens_cmip6 = 362 - 411 . MIROC-ES2L: ens_cmip6 = 412 - 421 . MPI-ESM-1-2-HAM: ens_cmip6 = 422 - 424 . MPI-ESM1-2-HR: ens_cmip6 = 425 - 434 . MPI-ESM1-2-LR: ens_cmip6 = 435 -  444 . MRI-ESM2-0: ens_cmip6 = 445 - 450 . NESM3: ens_cmip6 = 451 - 455 . NorCPM1: ens_cmip6 = 456 - 485 . NorESM2-LM: ens_cmip6 = 486 - 488 . NorESM2-MM: ens_cmip6 = 489 - 490 . SAM0-UNICON: ens_cmip6 = 491 . TaiESM1: ens_cmip6 = 492 . UKESM1-0-LL: ens_cmip6 = 493 - 510 Acronyms - ENSO - El Niño–Southern Oscillation, CMIP - Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, RCP - Representative Concentration Pathway, ERSST - Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature, HadISST - Hadley Centre Sea Ice and Sea Surface Temperature, ACCESS- CM2 – Australian Community Climate and Earth System Simulator coupled climate model, ACCESS- ESM – Australian Community Climate and Earth System Simulator Earth system model, AWI - Alfred Wegener Institute, BCC-CSM - Beijing Climate Center Climate System Model, CAMS - Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, CanOE - Canadian Ocean Ecosystem, CESM2 - Community Earth System Model, WACCM - Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, CIESM - Community Integrated Earth System Model, CNCC - Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per I Cambiamenti Climatici, CNRM - Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, E3SM - Energy Exascale Earth System Model, FGOALS - Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Model, FIO-ESM - First Institute of Oceanography Earth System Model, GFDL - Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, GISS - Goddard Institute for Space Studies, IITM - Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, INM - Institute for Numerical Mathematics, IPSL - Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, KIOST-ESM - Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology Earth System, MIROC - Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate, MPI - Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, NESM - Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology Earth System Model, NorCPM - Norwegian Climate Prediction Model, SAM0-UNICON - Seoul National University Atmosphere Model version 0 with a Unified Convection Scheme (SAM0-UNICON), TaiESM1 - Taiwan Earth System Model version 1, UKESM - The UK Earth System Modelling project. --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data --------------------------------------------------- Multimodel ensemble means and percentiles are calculated after weighting individual members with the inverse of the ensemble size of the same model. The weight is provided as the weight attribute of ens_cmip5 and ens_cmip6. If X(i) is the array, and w(i) the corresponding weight. - Mean shoud be sum_i(X(i) * w(i)) / sum_i(w(i)) - For percentile values, 1. Sort X and w so that X is in the ascending order 2. Accumulate w until i = j so that accumulated(w)/sum_i(w(i)) equals or exceeds the specified percentile level (e.g. 0.05) 3. Use X(j) or (X(j) + X(j - 1))/2 as the percentile value --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo - Link to the figure on the IPCC AR6 website

  • Data for Figure SPM.1 from the Summary for Policymakers (SPM) of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure SPM.1 shows global temperature history and causes of recent warming. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: IPCC, 2021: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S. L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M. I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T. K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. In Press. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has two panels, with data provided for all panels in subdirectories named panel_a and panel_b. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- Panel a The dataset contains: - Estimated temperature during the warmest multi-century period in at least the last 100,000 years, which occurred around 6500 years ago (4500 BCE), multi-centennial average, from AR6 WGI Chapter 2 - Global surface temperature change time series relative to 1850-1900 for 1-2020 from: • 1-2000 CE reconstruction from paleoclimate archives, decadal smoothed, from PAGES2k Consortium (2019, DOI: 10.1038/s41561-019-0400-0) • 1850-2020 CE, observations, decadal smoothed, from AR6 WGI Chapter 2 assessed mean Panel b: The dataset contains global surface temperature change time series relative to 1850-1900 for 1850-2020 from simulations from the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6) and observations: - CMIP6 historical+ssp245 simulations (simulations with human and natural forcing, 1850-2019) - CMIP6 hist-nat simulations (simulations with natural forcing, 1850-2019) - Global Surface Temperature Anomalies (GSTA) relative to 1850-1900 from observations assessed in IPCC AR6 WG1 Chapter 2 (1850-2020) --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- Panel a: - panel_a/SPM1_1-2000_recon.txt, 1-2000 time series, decadal smoothed, for years centered on 5-1996 CE [column 1 grey line, columns 2 and 3 grey shading] - panel_a/SPM1_1850-2020_obs.txt, 1850-2020 time series, decadal smoothed, for years centered on 1855-2016 CE [black line] - panel_a/SPM1_6500_recon.txt, bar for the warmest multi-century period in more than 100,000 years (around 6500 years ago: 4500 BCE) [grey bar] Panel b: - panel_b/gmst_changes_model_and_obs.csv. Global surface temperature change time series relative to 1850-1900 for 1850-2020 from: • CMIP6 historical+ssp245 simulations (1850-2019) [mean, brown line] • CMIP6 historical+ssp245 simulations (1850-2019) [5% range, brown shading, bottom] • CMIP6 historical+ssp245 simulations (1850-2019) [95% range, brown shading, top] • CMIP6 hist-nat simulations (1850-2019) [mean, green line] • CMIP6 hist-nat simulations (1850-2019) [5% range, green shading, bottom] • CMIP6 hist-nat simulations (1850-2019) [95% range, green shading, top] • Global Surface Temperature Anomalies (GSTA) relative to 1850-1900 from observations assessed in IPCC AR6 WG1 Chapter 2 (1850-2020) [black line] --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report webpage, which includes the report component containing the figure (Summary for Policymakers), the Technical Summary (Cross-Section Box TS.1, Figure 1a) and the Supplementary Material for Chapters 2 and 3, which contains details on the input data used in Tables 2.SM.1 (Figure 2.11a) and 3.SM.1 (Figure 3.2c; FAQ 3.1, Figure 1). - Link to related publication for input data

  • Data for Figure 3.38 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.38 shows model evaluation of ENSO teleconnection for 2m-temperature and precipitation in boreal winter (December-January-February). --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- Data provided for all panels in one single directory --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- This dataset contains observed global patterns for: - temperature from the Berkeley Earth dataset over land - temperature from ERSSTv5 over ocean - precipitation from GPCC over land (shading, mm day–1) - precipitation from GPCP worldwide (contours, period: 1979-2014) and distributions of regression coefficients in IPCC regions for: - temperature - precipitation --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- maps: - reg_tas_NINO34_BEST_ERSSTv5_1901_2018_DJF.nc (var = 'rc', upper map over land) - reg_sst_NINO34_ERSSTv5_ERSSTv5_1901_2018_DJF.nc (var = 'rc', upper map over ocean) - reg_precip_NINO34_GPCP_ERSST5_1979_2018_DJF.nc (var = 'rc', lower map, contours) - reg_pr_NINO34_GPCC_ERSSTv5_1901_2016_DJF.nc (var = 'rc', lower map, shading) histograms: - tas_enso_regression_pdf_v4_no_cosweight_DJF.nc . upper grey histograms: var = 'region_pdfx_hist' and 'region_pdfy_hist' . MME (black line): var = 'region_ave_hist' . Observations (blue lines): var = 'region_obs' - tas_amip_hist_enso_regression_pdf_v4_no_cosweight_DJF.nc (orange dashed line): var = 'region_ave_amip_hist' => Fields correspond to regions numbers with labels in the plot, namely for temperature: 'EAU/RFE/RAR/NWN/NCA/ENA/NSA/MED/NWS/ESAF' (see variable region_info with attributes making the association between the region index and the acronym/name). - pr_enso_regression_pdf_v4_no_cosweight_DJF.nc . lower grey histograms: var = 'region_pdfx_hist' and 'region_pdfy_hist' . MME (black line): var = 'region_ave_hist' . Observations (blue lines): var = 'region_obs' - pr_amip_hist_enso_regression_pdf_v4_no_cosweight_DJF.nc (orange dahsed line): var = 'region_ave_amip_hist' => Fields correspond to regions numbers with labels in the plot, namely for precipitation: 'EAS/SEA/EAU/WNA/NCA/SES/NSA/ESAF/SEAF/MED' (see variable info_region with attributes making the association between the region index and the acronym/name). ENSO is the El Niño Southern Oscillation. GPCC is the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre. GPCP is the Global Precipitation Climatology Project. --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in reg_pr_NINO34_GPCC_ERSSTv5_1901_2016_DJF.nc are in mm/month. Values should be divided by 30 for plotting in mm/day. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the figure on the IPCC AR6 website

  • Data for Figure 3.7 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.7 shows regression coefficients and corresponding attributable warming estimates for individual CMIP6 models. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has four panels, with data provided for all panels in subdirectories named panel_a, panel_b, panel_c and panel_d. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- This dataset contains information on global temperature attributable warming (2010-2019 relative to 1850-1900) from CMIP6 models:  - Regression coefficients for two way regression (2010-2019 relative to 1850-1900) - Regression coefficients for three way regression (2010-2019 relative to 1850-1900) - Attributable warming for two way regression (2010-2019 relative to 1850-1900) - Attributable warming for three way regression (2010-2019 relative to 1850-1900) --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- - panel_a/regression_coeff_two_way_regression.csv has data for brown and green crosses - panel_b/regression_coeff_three_way_regression.csv has data for grey, green and blue crosses - panel_c/attributable_warming_two_way_regression.csv has data for brown and green crosses - panel_d/attributable_warming_three_way_regression.csv has data for grey, green and blue crosses Details about the data provided in relation to the figure in the header of every file. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.

  • Data for Figure 3.40 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.40 shows the observed and simulated Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV). --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has six panels. Files are not separated according to the panels. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- amv.obs.nc contains - Observed SST anomalies associated with the AMV pattern - Observed AMV index time series (unfiltered) - Observed AMV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the observed AMV patterns amv.hist.cmip6.nc contains - Statistical significance of the observed SST anomalies associated with the AMV pattern - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the AMV pattern - Simulated AMV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated AMV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated AMV patterns based on CMIP6 historical simulations. amv.hist.cmip5.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the AMV pattern - Simulated AMV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated AMV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated AMV patterns based on CMIP5 historical simulations. amv.piControl.cmip6.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the AMV pattern - Simulated AMV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated AMV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated AMV patterns based on CMIP6 piControl simulations. amv.piControl.cmip5.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the AMV pattern - Simulated AMV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated AMV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated AMV patterns based on CMIP5 piControl simulations. --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- Panel a: - amv_pattern_obs_ref in amv.obs.nc: shading - amv_pattern_obs_signif (dataset = 1) in amv.obs.nc: cross markers Panel b: - Multimodel ensemble mean of amv_pattern in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: shading, with their sign agreement for hatching Panel c: - tay_stats (stat = 0, 1) in amv.obs.nc: black dots - tay_stats (stat = 0, 1) in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: red crosses, and their multimodel ensemble mean for the red dot - tay_stats (stat = 0, 1) in amv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue crosses, and their multimodel ensemble mean for the blue dot Panel d: - Lag-1 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in left . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the left - Lag-10 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries in amv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in right . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries in amv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries in amv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries in amv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of amv_timeseries in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the right Panel e: - Standard deviation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in left . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries_raw in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the left - Standard deviation of amv_timeseries in amv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in right . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries in amv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries in amv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries in amv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of amv_timeseries in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the right Panel f: - amv_timeseries in amv.obs.nc: black curves . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - amv_timeseries in amv.hist.cmip6.nc: 5th-95th percentiles in red shading, multimodel ensemble mean and its 5-95% confidence interval for red curves - amv_timeseries in amv.hist.cmip5.nc: 5th-95th percentiles in blue shading, multimodel ensemble mean for blue curve CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. SST stands for Sea Surface Temperature. --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data --------------------------------------------------- Multimodel ensemble means and percentiles of historical simulations of CMIP5 and CMIP6 are calculated after weighting individual members with the inverse of the ensemble size of the same model. ensemble_assign in each file provides the model number to which each ensemble member belongs. This weighting does not apply to the sign agreement calculation. piControl simulations from CMIP5 and CMIP6 consist of a single member from each model, so the weighting is not applied. Multimodel ensemble means of the pattern correlation in Taylor statistics in (c) and the autocorrelation of the index in (d) are calculated via Fisher z-transformation and back transformation. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo - Link to the figure on the IPCC AR6 website

  • Data for Figure 3.22 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.22 shows time series of Northern Hemisphere March-April mean snow cover extent (SCE) from observations, CMIP5 and CMIP6 simulations. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- There are technically two panels top and bottom (CMIP5 and CMIP6), however, the data is stored in the parent directory. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- The data is for the Northern Hemisphere snow cover extent anomalies (SCEA) from models and observations: - The SCEA observational data from GLDAS-NOAH (1948-2012), Brown-NOAA (1923-2017), Mudryk et al 2020 (1968-2017) - The SCEA modelled by CMIP5 historical-rcp45 experiment (1923-2017) - The SCEA modelled by CMIP5 historicalNat experiment (1923-2012) - The SCEA modelled by CMIP6 historical-ssp245 experiment (1923-2017) - The SCEA modelled by CMIP6 hist-nat experiment (1923-2017) - The SCEA modelled by CMIP5 and CMIP6 piControl experiments --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- snow_cover_extent_cmip5_obs.csv is the data for the green and brown lines and shadings in the upper panel and grey lines (1923-2017) snow_cover_extent_cmip6_obs.csv is the data for the green and brown lines and shadings in the lower panel and grey lines (1923-2017) snow_cover_extent_piControl.csv for the blue error bars in the both panels Additional details of data provided in relation to figure in the file header (BADC-CSV file) CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.

  • Data for Figure 3.8 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.8 shows assessed contributions to observed warming, and supporting lines of evidence. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- The dataset contains the drivers of the attributable warming (2010-2019 relative to 1850-1900): - Observed global warming (2010-2019) - Global warming and its drivers reported in the literature sources  (2010-2019) - Global warming and its drivers calculated from CMIP6 models (2010-2019) --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- - drivers_observed_warming.csv has data for the shadings and markers in the figure. Additional details of data provided in relation to figure in the file header (BADC-CSV file). --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.

  • Data for Figure 3.39 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.39 shows the observed and simulated Pacific Decadal Variability (PDV). --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has six panels. Files are not separated according to the panels. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- pdv.obs.nc contains - Observed SST anomalies associated with the PDV pattern - Observed PDV index time series (unfiltered) - Observed PDV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the observed PDV patterns - Statistical significance of the observed SST anomalies associated with the PDV pattern pdv.hist.cmip6.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the PDV pattern - Simulated PDV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated PDV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated PDV patterns based on CMIP6 historical simulations. pdv.hist.cmip5.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the PDV pattern - Simulated PDV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated PDV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated PDV patterns based on CMIP5 historical simulations. pdv.piControl.cmip6.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the PDV pattern - Simulated PDV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated PDV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated PDV patterns based on CMIP6 piControl simulations. pdv.piControl.cmip5.nc contains - Simulated SST anomalies associated with the PDV pattern - Simulated PDV index time series (unfiltered) - Simulated PDV index time series (low-pass filtered) - Taylor statistics of the simulated PDV patterns based on CMIP5 piControl simulations. --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- Panel a: - ipo_pattern_obs_ref in pdv.obs.nc: shading - ipo_pattern_obs_signif (dataset = 1) in pdv.obs.nc: cross markers Panel b: - Multimodel ensemble mean of ipo_model_pattern in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: shading, with their sign agreement for hatching Panel c: - tay_stats (stat = 0, 1) in pdv.obs.nc: black dots - tay_stats (stat = 0, 1) in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: red crosses, and their multimodel ensemble mean for the red dot - tay_stats (stat = 0, 1) in pdv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue crosses, and their multimodel ensemble mean for the blue dot Panel d: - Lag-1 autocorrelation of tpi in pdv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in left . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of tpi in pdv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of tpi in pdv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of tpi in pdv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-1 autocorrelation of tpi in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the left - Lag-10 autocorrelation of tpi_lp in pdv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in right . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of tpi_lp in pdv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of tpi_lp in pdv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of tpi_lp in pdv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of lag-10 autocorrelation of tpi_lp in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the right Panel e: - Standard deviation of tpi in pdv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in left . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi in pdv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi in pdv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi in pdv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the left - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the left - Standard deviation of tpi_lp in pdv.obs.nc: black horizontal lines in right . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi_lp in pdv.piControl.cmip5.nc: blue open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi_lp in pdv.piControl.cmip6.nc: red open box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi_lp in pdv.hist.cmip5.nc: blue filled box-whisker in the right - Multimodel ensemble mean and percentiles of standard deviation of tpi_lp in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: red filled box-whisker in the right Panel f: - tpi_lp in pdv.obs.nc: black curves . ERSSTv5: dataset = 1 . HadISST: dataset = 2 . COBE-SST2: dataset = 3 - tpi_lp in pdv.hist.cmip6.nc: 5th-95th percentiles in red shading, multimodel ensemble mean and its 5-95% confidence interval for red curves - tpi_lp in pdv.hist.cmip5.nc: 5th-95th percentiles in blue shading, multimodel ensemble mean for blue curve CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. SST stands for Sea Surface Temperature. --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data --------------------------------------------------- Multimodel ensemble means and percentiles of historical simulations of CMIP5 and CMIP6 are calculated after weighting individual members with the inverse of the ensemble size of the same model. ensemble_assign in each file provides the model number to which each ensemble member belongs. This weighting does not apply to the sign agreement calculation. piControl simulations from CMIP5 and CMIP6 consist of a single member from each model, so the weighting is not applied. Multimodel ensemble means of the pattern correlation in Taylor statistics in (c) and the autocorrelation of the index in (d) are calculated via Fisher z-transformation and back transformation. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo - Link to the figure on the IPCC AR6 website

  • Data for Cross-Chapter Box 3.1, Figure 1 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Cross-Chapter Box 3.1, Figure 1 shows 15-year trends of surface global warming for 1998-2012 and 2012-2026. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has four panels, with data provided for panels a and b in a subdirectory named panel_ab, and for panels c and d in subdirectories named panel_c and panel_d respectively. --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- This dataset contains:  - Observed and modelled global annual mean surface temperature and surface air temperature trends for 1998-2012 - Modelled global annual mean surface air temperature trends for 2012-2026 - Observed annual mean surface temperature trends for 1998-2012 - Composite of modelled annual mean surface air temperature trends for 1998-2012 --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- Panel a: - gmst_trend_1998-2012 in panel_ab/GMST_trend.csv; HadCRUT5 for histogram, ensemble mean of HadCRUT5 and other observations for open triangles at the top, and multimodel ensemble means of CMIP5 and CMIP6 for open diamonds at the top - gsat_trend_1998-2012 in panel_ab/GSAT_trend.csv; CMIP5 and CMIP6 ensembles for histograms, ERA5 for the top filled triangle, and multimodel ensemble means of CMIP5 and CMIP6 for filled diamonds at the top Panel b: - gmst_trend_2012-2026 in panel_ab/GMST_trend.csv; multimodel ensemble means of CMIP5 and CMIP6 for open diamonds at the top - gsat_trend_2012-2026 in panel_ab/GSAT_trend.csv; CMIP5 and CMIP6 ensembles for histograms, and multimodel ensemble means of CMIP5 and CMIP6 for filled diamonds at the top Panel c: - tas in panel_c/TrendPattern_HadCRUT5_mean.nc; shading, with the sig attribute for cross markers Panel d: - tas in panel_d/TrendPattern_composite.nc: shading CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. HadCRUT5 is a gridded dataset of global historical near-surface air temperature anomalies since the year 1850. --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data --------------------------------------------------- Multimodel ensemble means and histograms are calculated after weighting each ensemble member with the inverse of the ensemble size of the same model. The values for panels c and d are stored with the K/year unit but scaled to the K/decade, therefore they need to be multiplied by a factor of 10 in order to be consistent with the plotted values. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.