Keyword

aerosol

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  • The ESA Climate Change Initiative Aerosol project has produced a number of global aerosol Essential Climate Variable (ECV) products from a set of European satellite instruments with different characteristics. This dataset comprises images of Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) products, using the Multi-Sensor UVAI algorithm, Version 1.5.7. Images are available for monthly and climatology products. For further details about these data products please see the linked documentation.

  • The Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) was a joint-mission between NASA and the French space agency Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales. The main objectives of the mission was to supply unique data set of vertical cloud and aerosol profiles. This dataset collection contains cloud and aerosol profiles obtained using the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) instrument, the primary instrument on-board the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) satellite. The Lidar uses two bands (1064 nm and 532 nm) of linearly-polarised laser pulses. A three-channel receiver measures the backscatter intensity at 1064 nm and two orthogonal polarisation components at 532 nm, which are used to derive aerosol size and hydration, and cloud ice/water phase. In combination with auxiliary data sources, cloud profiles and radiative fluxes can be derived. Cloud and aerosol profiles derived using CALIPSO data are available dating back to June 2006, obtained from the NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Science Data Center. Versions 3.x (3.01, 3.02 and 3.30) of the data are held by the NEODC. Version 3-01 (13th June 2006 - 31st October 2011) is a full reprocessing of the mission data. Version 3-02 (1st November 2011 - 28th February 2013) marks the transition to a new cluster computing system without any changes in the algorithm. Version 3-30 (1st March 2013 - present) was released in April 2013. Two ancillary input files were updated. GEOS-5 was updated from version 5.2 to version 5.9.1, and the new version also incorporates enhanced Air Force Weather Authority (AFWA) Snow and Ice Datasets. For Level 1B products, version 3-01 is an improvement over version 3-00, which is no longer available. The version 3 product includes improved algorithms implemented for 532-nm daytime calibration, laser energy interpretations, and interpolation of GMAO gridded data products to the CALIPSO orbit tracks; and updated and new data parameters. The version 3-01 product includes corrections to the 532 nm and 1064 nm extinction, backscatter, and ozone cross-sections. For Level 2 products, version 3-01 is the first version 3 release. Changes include improved cloud clearing code; an enhanced cloud-aerosol discrimination algorithm; improved daytime calibration procedures; and a new algorithm for assessing cloud thermodynamic phase. There were also other improvements specific to the type of product.

  • HIRDLS was a joint US-UK development effort, with sponsorship by the British National Space Centre and the Natural Environment Research Council in the UK, and by NASA in the US. HIRDLS was an mid-infrared limb-scanning radiometer (21 channels from 6.12 to 17.76 µm and provides sounding observations to observe the lower stratosphere with improved sensitivity and accuracy. HIRDLS was carried on the Aura mission, part of the A-train procession of polar orbiting satellites forming part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS). This dataset collection contains data of the global distributions of temperature, clouds, aerosols, and 10 trace species O3, H2O, CH4, N2O, NO2, HNO3, N2O5, CFC11, CFC12, and ClONO2 in the stratosphere and upper troposphere at high vertical and horizontal resolution in the Earth's atmosphere between about 8 and 100 km, from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) instrument. The instrument provides high vertical resolution information despite the fact that the optical beam is partially obstructed between the scan mirror and the aperture, probably by a piece of inner lining material that became detached during launch. HIRDLS science-team members have produced correction algorithms that make use of the partial view of the atmosphere (vertical scans around azimuth angle of 47 degree line of sight to the orbital plane, on the side away from the sun). In spite of this anomaly, HIRDLS has retained most of its scientific capabilities to support the Aura Mission. HIRDLS was carried on the Aura mission, part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS). Aura was launched on 15th July 2004 at 11:01:59 a.m. BST from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

  • This dataset contains summary 3-year time-integrated data of the global mean volcanic stratospheric aerosol optical depth, effective radiative forcing and anomalous deposited sulfate on Antarctica and Greenland. The data are from 82 model simulations of volcanic eruptions that have different sulfur dioxide emissions, eruption latitudes and emission altitudes. Two ensembles were conducted for eruptions starting in January and July. Each simulation was run for ~3 years in a year 2000 timeslice condition. The simulations are from the Unified Model coupled with the United Kingdom Chemistry and Aerosol Scheme (UM-UKCA) and were conducted at a global resolution of 1.875 ° x 1.25°. This data were collected as part of the NERC Reconciling Volcanic Forcing and Climate Records throughout the Last Millennium (Vol-Clim) project. V3 is the latest data file to use.

  • HIRDLS was a mid-infrared limb-scanning radiometer (21 channels from 6.12 to 17.76 µm and provided sounding observations to observe the lower stratosphere with improved sensitivity and accuracy. HIRDLS was carried on the Aura mission, part of the A-train procession of polar orbiting satellites forming part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS). This dataset contains level 2 version 6.00 data of the global distributions of temperature, clouds, aerosols, and 10 trace species O3, H2O, CH4, N2O, NO2, HNO3, N2O5, CFC11, CFC12, and ClONO2 in the stratosphere and upper troposphere at high vertical and horizontal resolution in the Earth's atmosphere between about 8 and 100 km, from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) instrument.

  • Global model data has been generated for COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) simulations. The model used was the United Kingdom Earth System Model 1.0 (UKESM1.0), in an atmosphere-only nudged configuration, with Met Office Unified Model version 11.5. The data is on a global N96 grid (192 x 144 points), and covers the years 2012, 2013, and 2014. These data were used to study the effect of COVID-19 lockdowns (simulated scenarios) on atmospheric composition and radiative forcing. The dataset includes data used in the paper submitted to Geophysical Research Letters (GRL) August 2020 with title 'Minimal climate impacts from short-lived climate forcers following emission reductions related to the COVID-19 pandemic'. See Details/Docs tab for a link to this. For this purpose, there are four experimental integrations (a1, a2, a3, a4), and a control (con) for each year. The files are labelled using variable codes such as m01s34i001 to determine the model variable field contained. A full description of what these are can be found in the included docs/file variable_codes.txt. The data are in NetCDF format, and were generated from the following suites: u-bt034, u-bt090, u-bt091, u-bt092, u-bt637, u-bt341, u-bt342, u-bt343, u-bt344, u-bt926, u-bt375, u-bt376, u-bt377, u-bt378, u-bt927. This is a NERC funded project.

  • HIRDLS was a mid-infrared limb-scanning radiometer (21 channels from 6.12 to 17.76 µm and provided sounding observations to observe the lower stratosphere with improved sensitivity and accuracy. HIRDLS was carried on the Aura mission, part of the A-train procession of polar orbiting satellites forming part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS). This dataset contains level 0 data of the global distributions of temperature, clouds, aerosols, and 10 trace species O3, H2O, CH4, N2O, NO2, HNO3, N2O5, CFC11, CFC12, and ClONO2 in the stratosphere and upper troposphere at high vertical and horizontal resolution in the Earth's atmosphere between about 8 and 100 km, from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) instrument.

  • HIRDLS was a mid-infrared limb-scanning radiometer (21 channels from 6.12 to 17.76 µm and provided sounding observations to observe the lower stratosphere with improved sensitivity and accuracy. HIRDLS was carried on the Aura mission, part of the A-train procession of polar orbiting satellites forming part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS). This dataset contains level 3 data of the global distributions of temperature, clouds, aerosols, and 10 trace species O3, H2O, CH4, N2O, NO2, HNO3, N2O5, CFC11, CFC12, and ClONO2 in the stratosphere and upper troposphere at high vertical and horizontal resolution in the Earth's atmosphere between about 8 and 100 km, from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) instrument.

  • The ESA Climate Change Initiative Aerosol project has produced a number of global aerosol Essential Climate Variable (ECV) products from a set of European satellite instruments with different characteristics. This dataset comprises images of Absorbing Aerosol Index (AAI) products, using the Multi-Sensor UVAI algorithm, Version 1.7. Images are available for monthly and climatology products. The underlying data is available as a separate product. For further details about these data products please see the linked documentation.

  • HIRDLS was a mid-infrared limb-scanning radiometer (21 channels from 6.12 to 17.76 µm and provided sounding observations to observe the lower stratosphere with improved sensitivity and accuracy. HIRDLS was carried on the Aura mission, part of the A-train procession of polar orbiting satellites forming part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS). This dataset contains level 2 version 5.00 data of the global distributions of temperature, clouds, aerosols, and 10 trace species O3, H2O, CH4, N2O, NO2, HNO3, N2O5, CFC11, CFC12, and ClONO2 in the stratosphere and upper troposphere at high vertical and horizontal resolution in the Earth's atmosphere between about 8 and 100 km, from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) instrument.