Keyword

greenhouse gases

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  • The Methane and other greenhouse gases in the Artic - Measurements, process studies and Modelling (MAMM) project was a consortium as part of the NERC Artic Research Programme. This project used a range of expertise, from measurements of methane and its isotopes, and other greenhouse gases, through flux measurements to numerical analysis and modelling. Analysis of gas mixing ratios (concentrations), isotopic character, and source fluxes, both from the ground and aircraft. Both past and new measurements were modelled using a suite of techniques. Fluxes were implemented into the JULES land surface model. Atmospheric modelling, including trajectory and inverse modelling will improve understanding on the local/regional scale, placing the role of Arctic emissions in large scale global atmospheric change. The project was led by the University of Cambridge, and in association with the University of Manchester, University of East Anglia, Royal Holloway, University of London, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and UK and International partners (Met Office, NILU, NOAA, etc).

  • These data are NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. These data are archived in the SAFE repository, hosted by Zenodo. This dataset contains calculated greenhouse gas fluxes and associated parameters from three transects of static chambers that were set up from oil palm into riparian forests in the SAFE landscape in Malaysian Borneo, Sabah. A total of 48 chambers were installed in two transects of 6 x 3 chambers and one transect of 4 x 3 chambers. Soil greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide) were measured every two months for one year (Nov 2016 until Nov 2017) resulting in 7 measurement occasions. Other environmental parameters were measured during the time of chamber enclosure as possible explanatory variables for correlation with recorded greenhouse gas fluxes including soil and air temperature, soil moisture, soil mineral N (nitrate (NO3) and ammonium (NH4)). In addition, water samples were taken from the stream and analysed for NO3, NH4, pH, temperature, total dissolved solids, conductivity and greenhouse gases using the headspace method.

  • This dataset contains column-average dry-air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (XCO2), using the fast atmospheric trace gas retrieval for OCO2 (FOCAL-OCO2). The FOCAL-OCO2 algorithm which has been setup to retrieve XCO2 by analysing hyper spectral solar backscattered radiance measurements from NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) satellite. FOCAL includes a radiative transfer model which has been developed to approximate light scattering effects by multiple scattering at an optically thin scattering layer. This reduces the computational costs by several orders of magnitude. FOCAL's radiative transfer model is utilised to simulate the radiance in all three OCO-2 spectral bands allowing the simultaneous retrieval of CO2, H2O, and solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence. The product is limited to cloud-free scenes on the Earth's day side. This dataset is also referred to as CO2_OC2_FOCA. This version of the data was produced as part of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Greenhouse Gases (GHG) project (GHG-CCI+, http://cci.esa.int/ghg) and got co-funding from the Univ. Bremen and EU H2020 projects CHE (grant agreement no. 776186) and VERIFY (grant agreement no. 776810). When citing this dataset, please also cite the following peer-review publications: M.Reuter, M.Buchwitz, O.Schneising, S.Noël, V.Rozanov, H.Bovensmann and J.P.Burrows: A Fast Atmospheric Trace Gas Retrieval for Hyperspectral Instruments Approximating Multiple Scattering - Part 1: Radiative Transfer and a Potential OCO-2 XCO2 Retrieval Setup, Remote Sensing, 9(11), 1159; doi:10.3390/rs9111159, 2017 M.Reuter, M.Buchwitz, O.Schneising, S.Noël, H.Bovensmann and J.P.Burrows: A Fast Atmospheric Trace Gas Retrieval for Hyperspectral Instruments Approximating Multiple Scattering - Part 2: Application to XCO2 Retrievals from OCO-2, Remote Sensing, 9(11), 1102; doi:10.3390/rs9111102, 2017

  • This dataset contains column-average dry-air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), derived from the TANSAT satellite, using the University of Leicester Full-Physics Retrieval Algorithm (UoL-FP, also known as OCFP). This dataset is also referred to as CO2_TAN_OCFP. The data covers the period from March 2017 to May 2018 and is provided for TCCON (Total Carbon Column Observing Network) validation sites only. A full global dataset is in production. For further information on the dataset, please see the linked documentation. This data has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA)'s Climate Change Initiative (CCI) programme, with support from the UK's National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO).

  • This dataset contains column-average dry-air mole fractions of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), derived from the TANSAT satellite, using the University of Leicester Full-Physics Retrieval Algorithm (UoL-FP, also known as OCFP). This dataset is also referred to as CO2_TAN_OCFP. This version of the dataset provides data globally over land. For further information on the dataset, please see the linked documentation. Initially this dataset contains two months of data (June and August 2017), delivered as part of the GHG_cci Climate Research Data Package 6. Additional time periods will be added in the future. This data has been produced as part of the European Space Agency (ESA)'s Climate Change Initiative (CCI) programme, with support from the UK's National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO).

  • 'Are tropical uplands regional hotspots for methane and nitrous oxide?' was a NERC (Natural Environment Research Council) funded project from 2010-2015 with the following grant references NE/H007849/1, NE/H006753/1 and NE/H006583/2. This dataset collection contains in-situ ground based soil-atmosphere flux and soil condition measurements from 4 different ecosystems located in the Peruvian Andes over ~2.5 years between 2010-2013. The ecosystems included upper montane forest (Wayqecha), lower montane forest (San Pedro), premontane forest (Villa Carmen) and grassland sites. At present, data are only available for 3 ecosystems; Wayqecha, San Pedro and Villa Carman. However, the grassland dataset will follow shortly along with some model output.

  • These data are NERC-funded but not held by the EIDC. These data are archived in the SAFE repository, hosted by Zenodo. This dataset contains calculated greenhouse gas fluxes and associated parameters from 56 static chambers that were installed within the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) landscape in Malaysian Borneo. Of the chosen ‘fragment’ in the SAFE design, all chambers were put in the 10 ha fragments. Four chambers each were placed in each of the two 10 ha plots in Logged Fragmented Forest (LFE), Fragment B, and Fragment E resulting in 8 per site. Additionally 12 chambers were installed in a 7-year old oil palm plantation, 8 in a young (2-year) old oil palm and 8 in a 12 – year old oil palm plantations. All 56 chambers were sampled for greenhouse gases (methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide soil respiration) every two months over a two-year period from January 2015 to November 2016, resulting in 12 measurement occasions for each of the chambers. Other environmental parameters were measured during the time of chamber enclosure as possible explanatory variables for correlation with recorded greenhouse gas fluxes including soil and air temperature, soil moisture, soil mineral N (nitrate and ammonium).

  • [This dataset is embargoed until December 31, 2022]. This dataset contains terrestrial fluxes of nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and ecosystem respiration (carbon dioxide (CO2)) calculated from static chamber measurements in riparian buffers of oil palm plantations on mineral soil, in Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia. Measurements were made monthly, from January 2019 until September 2021, with a break from April 2019 to October 2019 to allow for felling and replanting, and another break from January 2021 to June 2021 due to Covid-19 restrictions. To help to reduce the environmental impact of oil palm plantations, riparian buffers are now required by regulations in many Southeast Asian countries. The experiments were conducted to investigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions from the riparian buffers. Research was funded through NERC grant NE/R000131/1 Sustainable Use of Natural Resources to Improve Human Health and Support Economic Development (SUNRISE) Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f587847a-7505-4fd8-99db-b99cc0285f9f

  • The CH4_GOS_OCFP dataset is comprised of level 2, column-averaged dry-air mole fractions (mixing ratios) of methane (XCH4). It has been produced using data acquired from the Thermal and Near Infrared Sensor for Carbon Observations (TANSO-FTS) NIR and SWIR spectra, onboard the Japanese Greenhouse gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT), using the University of Leicester Full-Physics Retrieval Algorithm. It has been generated as part of the European Space Agency (ESA) Greenhouse Gases Climate Change Initiative (GHG_cci) project. This version is version 2.1 and forms part of the Climate Research Data Package 4. The University of Leicester Full-Physics Retrieval Algorithm is based on the original Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Full Physics Retrieval Algorithm and has been modified for use on GOSAT spectra. A second GOSAT CH4 product, generated using the SRFP algorithm, is also available. The XCH4 product is stored in NetCDF format with all GOSAT soundings on a single day stored in one file. For further information, including details of the OCFP algorithm and the TANSO-FTS instrument, please see the associated product user guide (PUG).

  • The CO2_SCI_BESD dataset comprises level 2, column-averaged dry-air mole fractions (mixing ratios) of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) instrument on board the European Space Agency's (ESA's) environmental research satellite ENVISAT. It has been produced using the Bremen Optimal Estimation DOAS (BESD) algorithm, by the ESA Greenhouse Gases Climate Change Initiative (GHG_cci) project. The Bremen Optimal Estimation DOAS (BESD) algorithm is a full physics algorithm which uses measurements in the O2-A absorption band to retrieve scattering information about clouds and aerosols. This is the Greenhouse Gases CCI baseline algorithm for deriving SCIAMACHY XCO2 data. A product has also been generated from the SCIAMACHY data using an alternative algorithm: the WFMD algorithm. It is advised that users who aren't sure whether to use the baseline or alternative product use this BESD product. For more information regarding the differences between baseline and alternative algorithms please see the Greenhouse Gases CCI data products webpage. For further information on the product, including details of the BESD algorithm and the SCIAMACHY instrument, please see the associated product user guide (PUG) or the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents.