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ice sheets

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  • Grounding line locations (GLL) data for the Ferringo, Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith, Kohler and Pope Glaciers in Antarctica, produced by the ESA Antarctic Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The grounding lines have been derived from satellite observations from the ERS-1/2 and Copernicus Sentinel-1 instruments, acquired in the period from 1995-2017.

  • This dataset constists of an ice velocity time series for Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica, derived from Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellite data acquired from 2014 to 2016. It has been produced by the ESA Antarctic Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The data format is 3-layer GeoTiff: the first two layers represent the horizontal displacement component easting and northing respectively in output map coordinates and converted to meters per day [m/d]. The third layer represents the vertical velocity and is derived from the height difference along the displacement vector taken from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The method employed to produce this dataset was presented in: Nagler, T., Rott, H., Hetzenecker, M., Wuite, J., Potin, P. (2015). The Sentinel-1 Mission: New Opportunities for Ice Sheet Observations. Remote Sensing, 2015, 7, 9371-9389, doi:10.3390/rs70709371.

  • This data set is part of the ESA Greenland Ice sheet CCI project. The data set provides surface elevation changes (SEC) for the Greenland Ice sheet derived from Cryosat 2 satellite radar altimetry, for the time period between 2010 and 2015. The surface elevation change data are provided as 2-year means (2011-2012, 2012-2013, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015), and a five-year mean is also provided (2011-2015), along with their associated errors. Data are provided in both NetCDF and gridded ASCII format, as well as png plots. The algorithm used to devive the product is described in the paper “Implications of changing scattering properties on the Greenland ice sheet volume change from Cryosat-2 altimetry” by S.B. Simonsen and L.S. Sørensen, which has been submitted to Remote Sensing of the Environment.

  • Grounding line locations (GLL) data for the Ross and Byrd Glaciers in Antarctica, produced by the ESA Antarctic Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The grounding lines have been derived from satellite observations from theTerraSAR-X platform, acquired between 2011 and 2017.

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Upernavik Isstroem glacier in Greenland, derived from Sentinel-1 SAR data acquired between October 2014 and June 2016. This dataset has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. Data files are delivered in NetCDF format at 250m grid spacing in North Polar Stereographic projection (EPSG: 3413). The horizontal velocity components are provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NORTHING(y) directions of the grid.

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Upernavik region in Greenland between 1992-2010, and has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. The data consists of an ice velocity time series derived from intensity-tracking of ERS-1/2, ASAR and PALSAR data acquired between 02-01-1992 and 22-08-2010. It provides components of the ice velocity and the magnitude of the velocity. The data are provided on a polar stereographic grid (EPSG3413: Latitude of true scale 70N, Reference Longitude 45E). The horizontal velocity is provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NOTHING(y) directions of the grid, and the vertical displacement (z), derived from a digital elevation model, is also provided. Please note that the previous versions of this product provided the horizontal velocities as true East and North velocities. Both a single NetCDF file (including all measurements and annotation), and separate geotiff files with the velocity components are provided. The product was generated by GEUS. For further information please see the Product User Guide (v2.0). Please note - this product was released on the Greenland Ice Sheets download page in June 2016, but an earlier product (also accidentally labelled v1.1) was available through the CCI Open Data Portal and the CEDA archive until 29th November 2016. Please now use the later v1.1 product.

  • This dataset provides the Gravitational Mass Balance (GMB) product derived from gravimetry data from the GRACE satellite instrument, by DTU Space. The data consists of two products: a mass change time series for the entire Greenland Ice Sheet and different drainage basins for the period April 2002 to June 2017; and mass trend grids for different 5-year periods between 2003 and 2017. This version (1.4) is derived from GRACE monthly solutions provided by TU Graz (ITSG-Grace 2016), apart from August 2016 time series which is computed using the CRS-R05 solution. The mass change time series contains the mass change (with respect to a chosen reference month) for all of the Greenland Ice Sheet and each individual drainage basin. For each month (defined by a decimal year) a mass change in Gt and its associated error (also in Gt) is provided. The mass trend grid product is given in units of mm water equivalent per year. Mass balance is an important variable to understand glacial thinning and ablation rates to enable mapping glacier area change. The time series allows the longer term comparison of trends whereas the mass trend grids provide a yearly snapshot which can be further analysed and compared across the data set. Basin definitions and further data descriptions can be found in the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ST-DTU-ESA-GISCCI-ATBD-001_v3.1.pdf) and Product Specification Document (ST-DTU-ESA-GISCCI-PSD_v2.2.pdf) which are provided on the Greenland Ice Sheet CCI project website. Citation: Barletta, V. R., Sørensen, L. S., and Forsberg, R.: Scatter of mass changes estimates at basin scale for Greenland and Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 7, 1411-1432, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1411-2013, 2013.

  • This dataset contains grounding lines for 5 North Greenland glaciers, derived from generated from ERS -1/-2 SAR Tandem and 3 days data sets. This addition includes the grounding line for the Petermann glacier from Sentinel-1A. Data was produced as part of the ESA Greenland Ice Sheets Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project by ENVEO, Austria. The grounding line is the separation point between the floating and grounded parts of the glacier. Processes at the grounding lines of floating marine termini of glaciers and ice streams are important for understanding the response of the ice masses to changing boundary conditions and for establishing realistic scenarios for the response to climate change. The grounding line location product is derived from InSAR data by mapping the tidal flexure and is generated for a selection of the few glaciers in Greenland, which have a floating tongue. In general, the true location of the grounding line is unknown, and therefore validation is difficult for this product. Remote sensing observations do not provide direct measurement on the transition from floating to grounding ice (the grounding line). The satellite data deliver observations on ice surface features (e.g. tidal deformation by InSAR, spatial changes in texture and shading in optical images) that are indirect indicators for estimating the position of the grounding line. Due to the plasticity of ice these indicators spread out over a zone upstream and downstream of the grounding line, the tidal flexure zone (also called grounding zone).

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocity maps for the Kangerlussuag Glacier in Greenland derived from Sentinel-1 SAR data acquired between January 2015 and June 2016. This dataset has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. Data files are delivered in NetCDF format at 250m grid spacing in North Polar Stereographic projection (EPSG: 3413). The horizontal velocity components are provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NORTHING(y) directions of the grid.

  • This dataset contains a time series of ice velocities for the Hagen Brae glacier in Greenland derived from Sentinel-1 SAR data acquired between 22/1/2015 and 1/6/2016. It has been produced by the ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project. Data files are delivered in NetCDF format at 250m grid spacing in North Polar Stereographic projection (EPSG: 3413). The horizontal velocity components are provided in true meters per day, towards the EASTING(x) and NORTHING(y) directions of the grid.