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This data set comprises water quality data from five tributaries of the River Thames, UK. Sampling sites at each river were from both upstream and downstream of sewage effluent point sources. Parameters measured were phosphorus and nitrogen species, dissolved organic carbon and major dissolved anions (fluoride, chloride, sulphate). This work was carried out as a part of the NERC project: “The environmental REsistome: confluence of Human and Animal Biota in antibiotic resistance spread (REHAB)” (Project reference NE/N019660/1). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/80710d5e-06cf-4757-93c5-87fcbe421352
Data comprise estimates of activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides (40K, 238U and 232Th series radionuclides) in environmental media (soil and stream sediments and waters) and non-human biota (focusing on the ICRP Reference Animals and Plants). For soil, stream sediments and stream waters data were derived from total K, U and Th concentrations mainly from the ongoing geochemical survey of the United Kingdom (G-BASE), conducted by the British Geological Survey. The geochemical survey data are currently incomplete for England and Wales, but almost complete coverage was obtained for K in stream sediments by using the Wolfson Atlas data for southern England. For U and Th in sediments and K, U and Th in soils, more complete coverage was achieved by geological extrapolation (using relationships between soils/sediments and bedrock/superficial geology). For media and sediments, datasets are provided for both: (i) geometric mean concentrations from measured samples on a 5 x 5 km square basis where data are available; and (ii) extrapolated surfaces covering all of England and Wales. Data for non-human biota are from targeted sampling and analyses and data review. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/bb2d7874-7bf4-44de-aa43-348bd684a2fe
The dataset contains measurements of fluorescein, dopachrome and nitrous oxide production from incubation experiments of streambed sediments. The sediments were collected in five pseudo-replicates from 0 to 10cm depth using a 5cm-diameter AMS slide hammer and trowel at two locations within the Wood Brook, Staffordshire, in June 2015. Samples were collected from two reaches within the stream, a mid-stream sandy reach and a downstream gravel reach. The sediment was used in laboratory incubation experiments to determine rates of fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis (total microbial activity), extracellular phenol oxidase activity (recalcitrant carbon uptake) and potential denitrification from sand versus gravel sediments. Also included is the organic matter content of the sediments. The work was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/500193f7-2653-4696-8224-276a734ed6ab
A dataset of historical sediment Carbon and Nitrogen isotope measurements from lake cores (n=95) spanning the range of lake types and catchments found across the UK. These data have been obtained from the Environmental Change Research Centre (ECRC) lake sediment core archive with well-resolved time intervals (1850, 1900, 1980 and present) determined by radiometric dating (210Pb; 137Cs). This data has been collated to investigate historical sources and accumulation of C and N in lakes. This dataset provides historical data for hydrological / nutrient modelling from the Long Term Large Scale (LTLS) Project in the NERC Macronutrients programme. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/4b53b1d7-f290-4b47-97e9-9f9ec79f3003
This is a dataset obtained from analysis of lake sediment and overlying water from six sites along a depth gradient, in Loch Leven, Scotland, over a period of one year. Parameters measured from the water and included in the dataset are dissolved oxygen concentration, conductivity, pH, temperature, concentrations of three forms of phosphorus, and ammonium and silica concentrations. Chlorophyll a concentration measured from the sediment surface is included, and within the sediment concentrations of seven different forms of phosphorus are provided. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/76a2bd9a-fb02-4f37-91b9-4835eb31ab7b
The dataset contains chemistry data from streambed porewater (10 and 20 cm) and surface water, as well as nitrogen chemistry data at 2.5 cm resolution within the upper 15 cm of the streambed. The dataset includes concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), carbon dioxide, methane, ammonium, nitrate, nitrite and nitrous oxide, and isotopic ratios of δ13CCO2, δ15NNO3+NO2 and δ18ONO3+NO2. Also included are measurements of dissolved oxygen and temperature. Samples were collected from three reaches within the stream, an upstream sandy reach, a mid-stream sandy reach and a downstream gravel reach. The work was carried out with Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) funding through a PhD (NERC award number 1602135), grant (NE/L004437/1) and Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry Facility grant (CEH_L102_05_2016). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/00601260-285e-4ffa-b381-340b51a7ec50
Sediment particle size frequency distributions from the USNL (Unites States Naval Laboratory) box cores were determined optically using a Malvern Mastersizer 2000 He-Ne LASER diffraction sizer and were used to resolve mean particle size, sorting, skewness and kurtosis. Samples were collected on cruises JR16006 and JR17007. Funding was provided by ''The Changing Arctic Ocean Seafloor (ChAOS) - how changing sea ice conditions impact biological communities, biogeochemical processes and ecosystems'' project (NE/N015894/1 and NE/P006426/1, 2017-2021), part of the NERC funded Changing Arctic Ocean programme.
Sediment organic material content obtained from replicate 0.1m2 USNL (Unites States Naval Laboratory) box cores are determined by loss on ignition. Samples were collected on cruises JR16006 and JR17007. Funding was provided by ''The Changing Arctic Ocean Seafloor (ChAOS) - how changing sea ice conditions impact biological communities, biogeochemical processes and ecosystems'' project (NE/N015894/1 and NE/P006426/1, 2017-2021), part of the NERC funded Changing Arctic Ocean programme.
We present here Topographic Parametric Sonar (TOPAS) acoustic sub-bottom profiler data acquired on RRS James Clark Ross JR298 cruise in 2015. Data are provided in SEG-Y format. This project was funded by UK Natural Environment Research Council Grant NE/J006548/1: Depositional patterns and records in sediment drifts off the Antarctic Peninsula and West Antarctica
The dataset details particle size of sediments across 6 intertidal sites in the winter and summer of 2013. The data provide a quantitative measure of the sediment particle size fractions present within surface sediments (up to a depth of 2 cm). Three sites were located in Essex, South East England and the other 3 in Morecambe Bay, North West England. Each site consisted of a saltmarsh habitat and adjacent mudflat habitat. 22 sampling quadrats were placed in each habitat covering 4 spatial scales. 3 replicate samples of surface sediment were collected at each quadrat. They were then processed using laser particle size analysis (detailed below) Values are expressed as different metrics of particle size and as specified size fractions as percentages of the total. This data was collected as part of Coastal Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (CBESS): NE/J015644/1. The project was funded with support from the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS) programme. BESS is a six-year programme (2011-2017) funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) as part of the UK's Living with Environmental Change (LWEC) programme. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/4e6a2e58-6916-4212-8b2e-e30942b0a05a