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soil

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  • These datasets were used for a study investigating the prevalence of diurnal variability of soil nitrous oxide (N¬2O) emissions. The datasets contain 286 diurnal N¬2O flux datasets and 160 diurnal soil temperature datasets, which were extracted from 46 published journal articles that were selected from a literature search and passed through a set of eligibility criteria. The datasets also include processed diurnal N¬2O flux data, which were used to classify the diurnal N¬2O pattern of the datasets. Data of non-diurnal factors from the literature including soil pH, bulk density, soil texture, season of measurement, soil water-filled pore space, irrigation and grazing are also included in the datasets. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/94e37080-4383-4f6e-b14a-04ac2ac79bf0

  • The dataset consists of pH values from soil samples taken in Roudsea Wood National Nature Reserve in 1961. Soil samples were taken from between 5 and 10cm in depth from transects across the reserve and from under oak trees. pH was measured by the Woodlands Research Section at The Nature Conservancy's Merlewood Research Station, Grange over Sands, Cumbria and the data have been stored and digitised by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lancaster. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/1b977181-a3bf-4535-b38e-32509001f7aa

  • Data comprise phytohormone concentrations (plant growth hormones: adenosine, zeatin, isopentenyladenosine, indole-3-acetic acid and abscisic acid) measured during plant growth experiments in soil and hydroponic growth media in the presence and absence of earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia fetida respectively). Also presented are plant biomass, pH of the hydroponic solution and soil biological activity (concentration of Fluorescein diacetate - a measure of the hydrolytic capacity) at the end of the study. The study was funded by the NERC (Grant number NE/M000648/1). Mass spectrometry was carried out in The York Centre of Excellence in Mass Spectrometry; the centre was created thanks to a major capital investment through Science City York, supported by Yorkshire Forward with funds from the Northern Way Initiative, and subsequent support from EPSRC (EP/K039660/1; EP/M028127/1). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/809cd6e8-0615-45ff-b79b-6ba1ae474713

  • QUEST projects both used and produced an immense variety of global data sets that needed to be shared efficiently between the project teams. These global synthesis data sets are also a key part of QUEST's legacy, providing a powerful way of communicating the results of QUEST among and beyond the UK Earth System research community. This dataset contains soil data generated from ISLSCP II. The International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project, Initiative II (ISLSCP II) is a follow on project from The International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project (ISLSCP). ISLSCP II had the lead role in addressing land-atmosphere interactions - process modelling, data retrieval algorithms, field experiment design and execution, and the development of global data sets.

  • This CD-ROM set contains the Volume 1 hydrology and soil data collection. The data covers a 24 month period, 1987-1988, and all but one are mapped to a common spatial resolution and grid (1 degree x 1 degree). Temporal resolution for most datasets is monthly; however, a few are at a finer resolution (e.g., 6-hourly). This dataset contains data covering: * Precipitation * Hydrology cover * River basin streamflow * Global soil properties

  • These data are from an investigation of the effects of biochar application to soil, on soil greenhouse gas emissions and N transformations within the soil. Biochar is a carbon rich substance which is being advocated as a climate mitigation tool to increase carbon sequestration and reduce nitrous oxide emissions. The data were collected during a 15N pool dilution incubation to investigate the nitrogen transformations within biochar-amended soil following the addition of 15N-labelled ammonium nitrate. Analyses included 15N content of nitrous oxide and 15N content of soil. The N transformations were then modelled using a model for calculating nitrogen fluxes in soil using 15N tracing (FLUAZ model). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/69d89261-b7ee-4b56-bb13-1128e3c8dd93

  • QUEST projects both used and produced an immense variety of global data sets that needed to be shared efficiently between the project teams. These global synthesis data sets are also a key part of QUEST's legacy, providing a powerful way of communicating the results of QUEST among and beyond the UK Earth System research community. This dataset collection contains climatology, soil. population, ecosystem and land cover data. To facilitate this data exchange, and to avoid replication of the often labour-intensive efforts to source and visualize data, QUEST set up the QUEST Earth System Data Initiative - QESDI - a mechanism for easy, centralized access with flexible statistical and visualization tools for consistent processing and presentation of global data sets.

  • This dataset consists of measures of topsoil mineralisable nitrogen (Mineral-N) from soils sampled from up to 256 1km squares across Great Britain in 2007. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Surveys have been carried out in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998 and 2007 by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, with repeated visits to the majority of squares. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. In addition to soil data, habitat areas, vegetation species data, linear habitat data, and freshwater habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/3bafb72b-9f2a-4cbc-a7b8-46e3731c6759

  • Ecosystem functions (including aboveground carbon, topsoil carbon, topsoil nitrogen, decomposition rates, soil invertebrate feeding, tree regeneration & vegetation structure) in woodland creation sites and unforested and mature forest areas in the Scottish Highlands. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/b76223dd-28ae-4b0e-acd3-3b2104eaae0c

  • This dataset comprises plant species, soils, habitat types and major biota present, collected during a survey of the English county of Cumbria, using standardised survey methods. The survey was undertaken by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (a forerunner of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology) in 1975 within a stratified random set of sites. In total, up to 650 plots were surveyed from within 48 x 1km squares. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e96b909d-d52e-4b36-bc51-905ece420794