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European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)

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  • World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6): Collection of simulations from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ECMWF-IFS-HR model. The official CMIP6 Citation, and its associated DOI, is provided as an online resource linked to this record.

  • This dataset contains ensemble spreads for the ERA5 initial release (ERA5t) surface level analysis parameter data ensemble means (see linked dataset). ERA5t is the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) ERA5 reanalysis project initial release available upto 5 days behind the present data. CEDA will maintain a 6 month rolling archive of these data with overlap to the verified ERA5 data - see linked datasets on this record. The ensemble means and spreads are calculated from the ERA5t 10 member ensemble, run at a reduced resolution compared with the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation, for which these data have been produced to provide an uncertainty estimate. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Note, ensemble standard deviation is often referred to as ensemble spread and is calculated as the standard deviation of the 10-members in the ensemble (i.e., including the control). It is not the sample standard deviation, and thus were calculated by dividing by 10 rather than 9 (N-1). See linked datasets for ensemble member and ensemble mean data. The ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data (ERA5t) is made roughly 5 days behind the present date. These will be subsequently reviewed and, if required, amended before the full ERA5 release. CEDA holds a 6 month rolling copy of the latest ERA5t data. See related datasets linked to from this record.

  • PRIMAVERA Project data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ECMWF-IFS-HR model output for the "primWP5-amv-neg" experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: 6hrPlevPt, Amon, LImon, Lmon, Omon, SImon and day. The runs included the ensemble members: r10i1p1f1, r11i1p1f1, r12i1p1f1, r13i1p1f1, r14i1p1f1, r15i1p1f1, r1i1p1f1, r2i1p1f1, r3i1p1f1, r4i1p1f1, r5i1p1f1, r6i1p1f1, r7i1p1f1, r8i1p1f1 and r9i1p1f1. PRIMAVERA was a European Union Horizon2020 (grant agreement 641727) project.

  • The World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 6 (CMIP6) data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ECMWF-IFS-MR model output for the "coupled historical 1950-2014" (hist-1950) experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: 6hrPlevPt, Amon, LImon, Lmon, Oday, Omon, SIday, SImon and day. The runs included the ensemble members: r1i1p1f1, r2i1p1f1 and r3i1p1f1. CMIP6 was a global climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by PCMDI (Program For Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison) on behalf of the WCRP and provided input for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 6th Assessment Report (AR6). The official CMIP6 Citation, and its associated DOI, is provided as an online resource linked to this record.

  • This dataset contains ERA5 model level analysis parameter data. ERA5 is the 5th generation reanalysis project from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) - see linked documentation for further details. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Surface level analysis and forecast data to complement this dataset are also available. Data from a 10 member ensemble, run at lower spatial and temporal resolution, were also produced to provide an uncertainty estimate for the output from the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation producing data in this dataset. The ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data (ERA5t) is made roughly 5 days behind the present date. These will be subsequently reviewed ahead of being released by ECMWF as quality assured data within 3 months. CEDA holds a 6 month rolling copy of the latest ERA5t data. See related datasets linked to from this record. However, for the period 2000-2006 the initial ERA5 release was found to suffer from stratospheric temperature biases and so new runs to address this issue were performed resulting in the ERA5.1 release (see linked datasets). Note, though, that Simmons et al. 2020 (technical memo 859) report that "ERA5.1 is very close to ERA5 in the lower and middle troposphere." but users of data from this period should read the technical memo 859 for further details.

  • PRIMAVERA Project data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ECMWF-IFS-LR model output for the "primWP5-amv-neg" experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: 6hrPlevPt, Amon, LImon, Lmon, Omon, SImon and day. The runs included the ensemble members: r10i1p1f1, r11i1p1f1, r12i1p1f1, r13i1p1f1, r14i1p1f1, r15i1p1f1, r16i1p1f1, r17i1p1f1, r18i1p1f1, r19i1p1f1, r1i1p1f1, r20i1p1f1, r21i1p1f1, r22i1p1f1, r23i1p1f1, r24i1p1f1, r25i1p1f1, r26i1p1f1, r27i1p1f1, r28i1p1f1, r29i1p1f1, r2i1p1f1, r30i1p1f1, r3i1p1f1, r4i1p1f1, r5i1p1f1, r6i1p1f1, r7i1p1f1, r8i1p1f1 and r9i1p1f1. PRIMAVERA was a European Union Horizon2020 (grant agreement 641727) project.

  • This dataset contains ERA5 surface level analysis parameter data. ERA5 is the 5th generation reanalysis project from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) - see linked documentation for further details. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Model level analysis and surface forecast data to complement this dataset are also available. Data from a 10 member ensemble, run at lower spatial and temporal resolution, were also produced to provide an uncertainty estimate for the output from the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation producing data in this dataset. The ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data (ERA5t) is made roughly 5 days behind the present date. These will be subsequently reviewed ahead of being released by ECMWF as quality assured data within 3 months. CEDA holds a 6 month rolling copy of the latest ERA5t data. See related datasets linked to from this record. However, for the period 2000-2006 the initial ERA5 release was found to suffer from stratospheric temperature biases and so new runs to address this issue were performed resulting in the ERA5.1 release (see linked datasets). Note, though, that Simmons et al. 2020 (technical memo 859) report that "ERA5.1 is very close to ERA5 in the lower and middle troposphere." but users of data from this period should read the technical memo 859 for further details.

  • This dataset contains ERA5 surface level invariant parameter data. ERA5 is the 5th generation reanalysis project from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECWMF) - see linked documentation for further details. This dataset contains a limited selection of all available variables and have been converted to netCDF from the original GRIB files held on the ECMWF system. They have also been translated onto a regular latitude-longitude grid during the extraction process from the ECMWF holdings. For a fuller set of variables please see the linked Copernicus Data Store (CDS) data tool, linked to from this record. Model level analysis and surface analysis and forecast data to complement this dataset are also available. Data from a 10 member ensemble, run at lower spatial and temporal resolution, were also produced to provide an uncertainty estimate for the output from the single high resolution (hourly output at 31 km grid spacing) 'HRES' realisation producing data in this dataset. The ERA5 global atmospheric reanalysis of the covers 1979 to 2 months behind the present month. This follows on from the ERA-15, ERA-40 rand ERA-interim re-analysis projects. An initial release of ERA5 data (ERA5t) is made roughly 5 days behind the present date. These will be subsequently reviewed ahead of being released by ECMWF as quality assured data within 3 months. CEDA holds a 6 month rolling copy of the latest ERA5t data. See related datasets linked to from this record. However, for the period 2000-2006 the initial ERA5 release was found to suffer from stratospheric temperature biases and so new runs to address this issue were performed resulting in the ERA5.1 release (see linked datasets). Note, though, that Simmons et al. 2020 (technical memo 859) report that "ERA5.1 is very close to ERA5 in the lower and middle troposphere." but users of data from this period should read the technical memo 859 for further details.

  • PRIMAVERA Project data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ECMWF-IFS-HR model output for the "coupled spinup with fixed 1950s forcings from 1950 initial conditions (with ocean at rest) to provide initial condition for control-1950 and hist-1950" (spinup-1950) experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: PrimOday, PrimOmon and PrimSIday. The runs included the ensemble member: r1i1p1f1. PRIMAVERA was a European Union Horizon2020 (grant agreement 641727) project.

  • The World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 6 (CMIP6) data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) ECMWF-IFS-HR model output for the "forced atmosphere experiment for 1950-2014" (highresSST-present) experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: 6hrPlevPt, Amon, LImon, Lmon and day. The runs included the ensemble members: r1i1p1f1, r2i1p1f1, r3i1p1f1, r4i1p1f1, r5i1p1f1 and r6i1p1f1. CMIP6 was a global climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by PCMDI (Program For Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison) on behalf of the WCRP and provided input for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 6th Assessment Report (AR6). The official CMIP6 Citation, and its associated DOI, is provided as an online resource linked to this record.