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European Space Agency (ESA)

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  • This dataset collection contains radar data from the C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) on the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel 1B satellite. Sentinel 1B was launched on 25th April 2016 and provides continuous all-weather, day and night imaging radar data. Three acquisition modes are available: Stripmap (SM), Interferometric Wide swath (IW), and Extra Wide swath (EW). The main operational mode is IW. The EW mode is primarily used for wide area coastal monitoring. The SM mode is only used on special request for extraordinary events such as emergency management. The SM, IW and EW modes are available in single (HH or VV) and dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) polarisation. The C-band Synthetic Aperture Radar images the Earth with enhanced frequency and revisit times obtaining full Earth coverage every two weeks. Timeliness and reliability is optimized for emergency response and operational applications with Europes’s coastal zones and shipping routes being monitored on a daily basis. The data has a wide range of scientific applications including sea-ice monitoring, imaging of forests and investigation into the carbon cycle, and the analysis of earthquakes. Data are provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) and are made available via CEDA to any registered scientific user in the UK.

  • This dataset collection contains land monitoring data from the Multispectral Instrument (MSI) on the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel 2A satellite. Sentinel 2A was launched on 23rd June 2015 and provides sun-synchronous platform for the multispectral imaging data. The instrument uses 13 spectral bands from visible to the near infrared to obtain images with a swath width of 290km. Level 1C processing provides Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) reflectances in cartographic geometry. A further processing level, bottom-of-atmosphere (BOA) reflectance in cartographic geometry (prototype product) can be produced by the user with the Sentinel 2 toolbox. The BOA mode allows for the accurate assessment of biophysical parameters e.g. Leaf Area Index, with reduced cloud interference.

  • This dataset collection contains land monitoring data from the Multispectral Instrument (MSI) on the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel 2B satellite. Sentinel 2B was launched on 7th March 2017 and provides sun-synchronous platform for the multispectral imaging data. The instrument uses 13 spectral bands from visible to the near infrared to obtain images with a swath width of 290km. Level 1C processing provides Top-Of-Atmosphere (TOA) reflectances in cartographic geometry. A further processing level, bottom-of-atmosphere (BOA) reflectance in cartographic geometry (prototype product) can be produced by the user with the Sentinel 2 toolbox. The BOA mode allows for the accurate assessment of biophysical parameters e.g. Leaf Area Index, with reduced cloud interference.

  • This dataset collection contains data from the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR) on the European Space Agency (ESA) Sentinel 3A satellite. Sentinel 3A was launched on 16th February 2016 and provides data globally. The primary mission objective of the SLSTR instrument is to extend the long-term consistent set of global Sea Surface Temperature (SST) measurements. In addition, SLSTR using a suite of visible and infrared radiance measurements provides land surface temperature, active fire monitoring, ice surface temperature, cloud, atmospheric aerosol, land surface, forestry and hydrology products in support of Copernicus services. Data are provided by ESA and are made available via CEDA to any registered user.

  • Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-1 satellite (ATSR-1) Gridded Brightness Temperature/Reflectance (GBTR) Product. These data are the Level 1B product that consists of Top of Atmosphere (TOA) radiance measurements and brightness temperatures at full resolution for both the nadir and forward views. The product was calibrated for instrumental and atmospheric effects and re-sampled to a fixed grid aligned to the sub-satellite track. This product were derived from the Level 0 product and auxiliary data, and serves as the input data for all Level 2 products. The third reprocessing was done to implement the updated algorithms, processors, and auxiliary files.

  • Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-1 satellite (ATSR-1) Average Surface Temperature (AST) Product. These data are the Level 2 spatially averaged geophysical product derived from Level 1B product and auxiliary data. There are two types of averages provided: 10 arcminute cells and 30 arcminute cells. All cells are present regardless of the surface type. Hence, the sea (land) cells would also have the land (sea) records even though these would be empty. Cells containing coastlines will have both valid land and sea records; the land (sea) record only contains averages from the land (sea) pixels. The third reprocessing was done to implement the updated algorithms, processors, and auxiliary files.

  • Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-1 satellite (ATSR-1) L2P sea surface temperature product. These data are full resolution data with dual-view Sea Surface Temperature (SST) values. Version 3.0 of this dataset have been produced with the ARC L2P processor version 1.2, which replaces the ARC SST processor. The processor applies its own algorithm to generate SST data from the Level 1B Data. This method differs from that used to produce the Gridded Surface Temperature (GST) products. This product also includes the ATSR Saharan Dust index (ASDI) and the clear-sky probability estimated by the ARC cloud detection algorithm.

  • Sentinel 5 Precursor (S5P) was launched on the 13th of October 2017 carrying the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI). TROPOMI on the Sentinel 5 Precursor (S5P) satellite observes the CO global abundance exploiting clear-sky and cloudy-sky Earth radiance measurements in the 2.3 µm spectral range of the shortwave infrared (SWIR) part of the solar spectrum. TROPOMI clear sky observations provide CO total columns with sensitivity to the tropospheric boundary layer. For cloudy atmospheres, the column sensitivity changes according to the light path. Carbon monoxide (CO) is an important atmospheric trace gas for our understanding of tropospheric chemistry. In certain urban areas, it is a major atmospheric pollutant. The main sources of CO are the combustion of fossil fuels, biomass burning, and atmospheric oxidation of methane and other hydrocarbons. Whereas fossil fuel combustion is the main source of CO at Northern mid-latitudes, the oxidation of isoprene and biomass burning play an important role in the tropics.

  • The European Space Agency's Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instruments have been flown on board ERS-1, ERS-2 and the Advanced SAR (ASAR) on board Envisat. The ERS-1, ERS-2 and Envisat satellites, launched in 1991, 1995 and 2002 respectively, are ESA multi-payload, Earth observation satellites. This dataset contains Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar(ASAR) data from the European Remote Sensing satellites ERS-1 and ERS-2, and Advanced SAR data from Envisat. The ERS-1 mission began in 1991 and ended in 2000, and ERS-2 and Envisat are still ongoing. SAR provides high resolution images, ocean wave spectra data and wind direction vector data. They are available through the NEODC to UK based students only.

  • Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) mission was funded jointly by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change External Link (DECC) and the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research External Link (DIISR). This dataset contains the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer on ESA ERS-2 satellite (ATSR-2) Gridded Surface Temperature (GST) Product. These data are the Level 2 full spatial resolution (approximately 1 km by 1 km) geophysical product derived from Level 1B product and auxiliary data. The contents of the pixel fields, which are a mixture of Top of Atmosphere (TOA) and surface brightness temperature/radiance, are switch-able depending on the surface type. The third reprocessing was done to implement updated algorithms, processors, and auxiliary files.