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  • Sentinel-Hub NDVI description: NDVI is a simple, but effective index for quantifying green vegetation. It normalizes green leaf scattering in Near Infra-red wavelengths with chlorophyll absorption in red wavelengths. The value range of the NDVI is -1 to 1. Negative values of NDVI (values approaching -1) correspond to water. Values close to zero (-0.1 to 0.1) generally correspond to barren areas of rock, sand, or snow. Low, positive values represent shrub and grassland (approximately 0.2 to 0.4), while high values indicate temperate and tropical rainforests (values approaching 1). It is a good proxy for live green vegetation. NDVI = (NIR – Red) / (NIR + RED) Sentinel-2 NDVI = (B8 - B4) / (B8 + B4) These data have been created by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) as part of a Defra Natural Capital and Ecosystem Assessment (NCEA) project to produce a regional, and ultimately national, system for detecting a change in habitat conditions at a land parcel level. The first stage of the project is focused on Yorkshire, UK, and therefore the dataset includes granules and scenes covering Yorkshire and surrounding areas only. The dataset contains Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data derived from Defra and JNCC Sentinel-2 Analysis Ready Data. NDVI files are generated for the following Sentinel-2 granules: • T30UWE • T30UXF • T30UWF • T30UXE • T31UCV • T30UYE • T31UCA As the project continues, JNCC will expand the geographical coverage of this dataset and will provide continuous updates as ARD becomes available.

  • Sentinel-Hub NDMI description: The NDMI is a normalized difference moisture index, that uses NIR and SWIR bands to display moisture. The SWIR band reflects changes in both the vegetation water content and the spongy mesophyll structure in vegetation canopies, while the NIR reflectance is affected by leaf internal structure and leaf dry matter content but not by water content. The combination of the NIR with the SWIR removes variations induced by leaf internal structure and leaf dry matter content, improving the accuracy in retrieving the vegetation water content. The amount of water available in the internal leaf structure largely controls the spectral reflectance in the SWIR interval of the electromagnetic spectrum. SWIR reflectance is therefore negatively related to leaf water content. In short, NDMI is used to monitor changes in the water content of leaves and was proposed by Gao. NDWI is computed using the near-infrared (NIR) and the short wave infrared (SWIR) reflectances: NDMI = (NIR – SWIR) / (NIR + SWIR) Sentinel-2 NDMI = (B08 - B11) / (B08 + B11) These data have been created by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) as part of a Defra Natural Capital and Ecosystem Assessment (NCEA) project to produce a regional, and ultimately national, system for detecting a change in habitat conditions at a land parcel level. The first stage of the project is focused on Yorkshire, UK, and therefore the dataset includes granules and scenes covering Yorkshire and surrounding areas only. The dataset contains Normalised Difference Moisture Index data derived from Defra and JNCC Sentinel-2 Analysis Ready Data. NDMI files are generated for the following Sentinel-2 granules: • T30UWE • T30UXF • T30UWF • T30UXE • T31UCV • T30UYE • T31UCA As the project continues, JNCC will expand the geographical coverage of this dataset and will provide continuous updates as ARD becomes available.

  • Sentinel Hub NBR description: To detect burned areas, the NBR-RAW index is the most appropriate choice. Using bands 8 and 12 it highlights burnt areas in large fire zones greater than 500 acres. To observe burn severity, you may subtract the post-fire NBR image from the pre-fire NBR image. Darker pixels indicate burned areas. NBR = (NIR – SWIR) / (NIR + SWIR) Sentinel-2 NBR = (B08 - B12) / (B08 + B12) These data have been created by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) as part of a Defra Natural Capital & Ecosystem Assessment (NCEA) project to produce a regional, and ultimately national, system for detecting a change in habitat condition at a land parcel level. The first stage of the project is focused on Yorkshire, UK, and therefore the dataset includes granules and scenes covering Yorkshire and surrounding areas only. The dataset contains the following indices derived from Defra and JNCC Sentinel-2 Analysis Ready Data. NDVI, NDMI, NDWI, NBR, and EVI files are generated for the following Sentinel-2 granules: • T30UWE • T30UXF • T30UWF • T30UXE • T31UCV • T30UYE • T31UCA As the project continues, JNCC will expand the geographical coverage of this dataset and will provide continuous updates as ARD becomes available.

  • Sentinel-Hub NDWI description: The NDWI is used to monitor changes related to water content in water bodies. As water bodies strongly absorb light in visible to the infrared electromagnetic spectrum, NDWI uses green and near-infrared bands to highlight water bodies. It is sensitive to built-up land and can result in the over-estimation of water bodies. Index values greater than 0.5 usually correspond to water bodies. Vegetation usually corresponds to much smaller values and built-up areas to values between zero and 0.2. NDWI = (GREEN – NIR) / (GREEN + NIR) Sentinel-2 NDWI = (B03 - B08) / (B03 + B08) These data have been created by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) as part of a Defra Natural Capital and Ecosystem Assessment (NCEA) project to produce a regional, and ultimately national, system for detecting a change in habitat conditions at a land parcel level. The first stage of the project is focused on Yorkshire, UK, and therefore the dataset includes granules and scenes covering Yorkshire and surrounding areas only. The dataset contains Normalised Difference Water Index (NDWI) data derived from Defra and JNCC Sentinel-2 Analysis Ready Data. NDWI files are generated for the following Sentinel-2 granules: • T30UWE • T30UXF • T30UWF • T30UXE • T31UCV • T30UYE • T31UCA As the project continues, JNCC will expand the geographical coverage of this dataset and will provide continuous updates as ARD becomes available.

  • These data have been created by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) in order to cost-effectively provide high quality, Analysis Ready Data (ARD) for a wide range of applications. The dataset contains modified Copernicus Sentinel-2 (Level 1C data processed into a surface reflectance product (Level 2)). Defra and JNCC data were processed on separate platforms using a common specification to produce complementary outputs. The majority of data captured between July 2015 and August 2017 was processed by Aberystwyth University for Defra and later updated by JNCC to the same specification as the rest of this dataset. Please see the image-level metadata for details of data lineage and processing.

  • EVI is a development on Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Sentinel-Hub EVI description: In areas of dense canopy cover, where leaf area index (LAI) is high, the blue wavelengths can be used to improve the accuracy of NDVI, as it corrects for soil background signals and atmospheric influences. The range of values for EVI is -1 to 1, with healthy vegetation generally around 0.20 to 0.80. EVI is calculated: EVI = 2.5 * ((NIR – RED) / ((NIR + (6 * RED) – (7.5 * BLUE)) + 1)) Sentinel 2 EVI = 2.5 * ((B8 – B4) / ((B8 + (6 * B4) – (7.5 * B2)) + 1)) These data have been created by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) as part of a Defra Natural Capital and Ecosystem Assessment (NCEA) project to produce a regional, and ultimately national, system for detecting a change in habitat conditions at a land parcel level. The first stage of the project is focused on Yorkshire, UK, and therefore the dataset includes granules and scenes covering Yorkshire and surrounding areas only. The dataset contains Enhanced Vegetation Index data derived from Defra and JNCC Sentinel-2 Analysis Ready Data. EVI files are generated for the following Sentinel-2 granules: • T30UWE • T30UXF • T30UWF • T30UXE • T31UCV • T30UYE • T31UCA As the project continues, JNCC will expand the geographical coverage of this dataset and will provide continuous updates as ARD becomes available.

  • These data have been created by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) in order to cost effectively provide high quality, Analysis Ready Data (ARD) for a wide range of applications. The dataset contains modified Copernicus Sentinel-1 data processed into a normalised radar backscatter product on a linear scale in dB. Products acquired from ESA are Ground-Range Detected (GRD) Interferometric Wide-swath (IW) in the dual VV+VH polarisation (DV) mode, where both VV and VH polarisations are collected. Defra and JNCC data were processed on separate platforms using a common specification to produce complementary outputs. Sentinel-1 scenes processed before July 2021 have had a strip of data clipped from their northern edge to remove an artefact caused by a deprecated processing method. Details can be found in the lineage statement of the metadata for all affected scenes.