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  • This dataset consists of acoustic data collected using an icListen Smart Hydrophone (model SC35-ETH) integrated into an iRobot M1 Seaglider during a campaign in the North Sea, west of Ireland. The glider was deployed from 22nd June to 25th July 2021 as the sole glider in the campaign on behalf of the EU Marine Robots (EUMR) project. The acoustics data are provided as both raw acoustic waveform (.WAV format) files, and spectral analyses of the data (as ascii .txt files). Once the glider was recovered, the acoustics data were transferred directly from the glider and so no post processing has been completed. An error in the instrument system led to an error in the timestamps on the data files. The first waveform was started at 2021-06-27 12:29:42, and this was recorded as 2010-01-01 00:02:30. The timestamps for all filenames and the timestamps of all records in the spectral files have been corrected for this time offset. All the filename name changes are provided in the timestamp_logs directory. In addition, some spectral files were not closed correctly and held multiple records. These files have been split into new files and timestamps corrected accordingly. The details of the new files generated are given in the SBF_recover.txt log file. The environmental, positional and engineering parameters collected alongside the acoustic data are available through the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) using the ERDDAP tool below.

  • The dataset is a 20 year experiment using a NEMO-based 1/12 degree grid spacing model of the Southern Ocean as part of the ORCHESTRA (Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports) LTS-M project. It uses the NEMO "extended" grid, although ice cavities are closed. The model was run on Archer, the national HPC platform. The dataset covers the full length of the model run and includes regular (5 day mean) output of the model state, as well as more frequent (1 day mean) output of surface variables and fluxes and 1 month mean of more extensive transport diagnostics. The experiment neglects the ocean surface current in the bulk formula calculations for surface fluxes, so-called absolute wind stress. It starts from the end of 1987 of JRA55IAF (Munday et al., 2021). Forced by JRA55-do, an interannually-varying forcing set (Tsujino et al., 2018). With some additional forcing as supplied by the UK Met Office (freshwater runoff, tidal friction, geothermal heating) and additional freshwater runoff to suppress polynya formation.

  • A passive source seismic dataset was acquired during RRS James Cook cruise JC152, around the Scanner Pockmark Complex in the North Sea. Data were recorded on 25 four-component ocean bottom seismometers (OBS - hydrophone and three-component geophone), deployed in and around Scanner Pockmark, recording at a sampling rate of 4 kHz. The OBS recorded continuously between deployment and recovery (28/08/2017 to 05/09/2017) including through periods of active source seismic data acquisition, indicated in the cruise report (Bull, 2017). Data are provided in miniSEED format. The receiver drop locations are provided in the associated metadata directory. The data were acquired as part of the 'Characterization of major overburden leakage pathways above sub-seafloor CO2 storage reservoirs in the North Sea' (CHIMNEY) project, funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under grant reference NE/N016130/1.

  • Monthly output from an integration of the GO6 configuration of the NEMO (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean) ocean and sea-ice model, forced by the CORE2 (Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments version 2.0) corrected inter-annual forcing (CIAF) surface field dataset. UK Global Ocean GO6 consists of version 3.6 of NEMO and version 5.2.1 of the CICE (Community Ice CodE) sea-ice model, and the present simulation is on the global eORCA025 1/4° grid. The ocean is initialised from a climatology based on the EN3 monthly objective analysis (Ingleby and Huddleston, 2007) averaged over years 2004–2008, and is integrated from 1958 to 2007. The model was run on the Archer supercomputing platform through the Rose/Cylc interface on Puma, and the run ID on the Puma system is u-ap795. The integrations were funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under the Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study (ACSIS) project (NE/N018044/1).

  • Monthly output from an integration of the UK Global Ocean, GO6, configuration of the NEMO (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean) ocean and sea-ice model, forced by the DFS5.2 (Drakkar Forcing Set: Dussin et al, 2016) surface field dataset. GO6 consists of version 3.6 of NEMO and version 5.2.1 of the CICE (Community Ice CodE) sea-ice model, and the present simulation is on the global eORCA025 1/4° grid. The ocean is initialised from a climatology based on the EN3 monthly objective analysis (Ingleby and Huddleston, 2007) averaged over years 2004–2008, and is integrated from 1958 to 2015. The sea-ice fields are only available for the period 1958 to 2008. The model was run on the Archer supercomputing platform through the Rose/Cylc interface on Puma, and the run ID on the Puma system is u-ao882. The integrations were funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under the Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study (ACSIS) project (NE/N018044/1).

  • The dataset is a 37 year control run of a NEMO-based 1/12 degree grid spacing model of the Southern Ocean as part of the ORCHESTRA LTS-M project. It uses the NEMO "extended" grid, although ice cavities are closed. The model was run on Archer, the national HPC platform. The dataset covers the full length of the model run (excluding a three year spinup period) and includes regular (5 day mean) output of the model state, as well as more frequent (1 day mean) output of surface variables and fluxes and 1 month mean of more extensive transport diagnostics. Forced by the GFDL (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory) CORE2 (corrected normal year forcing version 2.0) normal year forcing. With some additional forcing as supplied by the UK Met Office (freshwater runoff, tidal friction, geothermal heating) and additional freshwater runoff to suppress polynya formation. Initialised from January of a climatology of ECCOv4r2 (Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean) in nominal year 1948.

  • The dataset is a 40 year control run of a NEMO-based 1/12 degree grid spacing model of the Southern Ocean as part of the ORCHESTRA (Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports) LTS-M project. It uses the NEMO "extended" grid, although ice cavities are closed. The model was run on Archer, the national HPC platform. The dataset covers the full length of the model run and includes regular (5 day mean) output of the model state, as well as more frequent (1 day mean) output of surface variables and fluxes and 1 month mean of more extensive transport diagnostics. This is the second of two control runs and was initialised from the end of the 30th year (nominally 1978) of CORE2NYF (Munday et al., 2021), a 3+37 year control run forced with CORE2 (corrected normal year forcing version 2.0) normal year forcing. Forced by JRA55-do, an interannually-varying forcing set (Tsujino et al., 2018). With some additional forcing as supplied by the UK Met Office (freshwater runoff, tidal friction, geothermal heating) and additional freshwater runoff to suppress polynya formation.

  • Monthly output from an integration of the UK Global Ocean, GO6, configuration of the NEMO (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean) ocean and sea-ice model, forced by the JRA-55 (Japanese 55-year atmospheric reanalysis: Tsujino, 2018) surface field dataset. GO6 consists of version 3.6 of NEMO and version 5.2.1 of the CICE (Community Ice CodE) sea-ice model, and the present simulation is on the global eORCA025 1/4° grid. The ocean is initialised from a climatology based on the EN3 monthly objective analysis (Ingleby and Huddleston, 2007) averaged over years 2004–2008, and is integrated from 1958 to 2020. The sea-ice fields are only available for the period 1989 to 2001. The model was run on the Archer supercomputing platform through the Rose/Cylc interface on Puma, and the run ID on the Puma system is u-ba494. The integrations were funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under the Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study (ACSIS) project (NE/N018044/1).

  • ACSIS (the North Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study) was an integrated programme of sustained observations, synthesis, and numerical modelling designed to address the overarching objective of enhancing the UK's capability to detect, attribute and predict changes in the North Atlantic (NA) Climate System, comprising: the North Atlantic Ocean, the atmosphere above it including its composition, and interactions with Arctic Sea Ice and the Greenland Ice Sheet. ACSIS was a partnership between six NERC centres (NCAS, NOC, BAS, NCEO, CPOM, PML) and the UK Met Office, exploiting the partners' unique capabilities in observing and simulating the atmosphere including its composition, the ocean, the cryosphere, and the fully coupled climate system. This collection includes global ocean simulations generated within the project. ACSIS was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) through National Capability Long Term Science Multiple Centre (NC LTS-M) grant NE/N018028/1

  • ORCHESTRA is a NERC-funded Long Term Science programme that involves scientists from many NERC Centres. This 5 year project began in spring 2016 and will use a combination of data collection, analyses and computer simulations to radically improve our ability to understand and predict the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate, with particular emphasis on the way that the Southern Ocean absorbs and stores heat and carbon. This Collection provides the outputs of innovative model runs of the 1/12 degree Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean (NEMO) model of the Southern Ocean carried out within the project