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Network for Calibration and Validation of EO data (NCAVEO)

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  • An atmospheric water vapour profile was recorded using a UV Raman LiDAR located at Chilbolton Facility for Atmospheric and Radio Research (CFARR), during the Network for Calibration and Validation of EO data (NCAVEO) 2006 Experiment. The profile was recorded on 16th June 2006, one day before the ‘golden day’. The ground-based Raman LiDAR system at the CFARR transmits a high power Nd:YAG pulse laser beam vertically into the atmosphere at 355 nm wavelength. The LiDAR measures both elastic backscattering and water vapour profiles in the troposphere. Inelastic scattering of the laser radiation by molecules in the atmosphere, termed Raman scattering, is used to determine the atmospheric water vapour and temperature profiles. This dataset contains data for the raw (20s/7.5m) and processed (5min/22.5m) data in separate files. For further information on the parameters used during the data collection and the data's file format please see the dataset's metadata document in linked documentation.

  • Reflectance data were acquired from a fixed tripod near the north-east corner of a concrete calibration site at the Chilbolton Facility for Atmospheric and Radio Research (CFARR), as part of the Network for Calibration and Validation of Earth Observation data (NCAVEO) 2006 Field Campaign. The data was collected on the 17th June 2006 using a single beam GER3700 spectroradiometer. The nominal field-of view of the instrument was 3°, and it was mounted 1 metre above the surface.

  • This dataset contains 25m resolution raster formatted data derived from the Centre of Ecology and Hydrology's (CEH) Land Cover Map 2000 (LCM2000) data for the Harwood Forest, UK, NCAVEO calibration/validation (cal/val) test site. The NERC funded Network for Calibration and Validation of EO (NCAVEO) campaign was designed to illustrate and explain the processes involved in cal/val of earth observation data.

  • Leaf Area Index (LAI) measurements were collected using a Delta-T SunScan as part of the Network for Calibration and Validation of Earth Observation data (NCAVEO) 2006 Field Campaign. Data were collected from the following experiment fields: Rickyard (winter wheat), Fairpiece (winter oats) and Brockley (spring barley). The parameters required by the SunData program were set as follows: • Leaf Angle Distribution Parameter = 1.0 • Leaf Absorption Parameter = 0.85 Five sample points were located within tramlines in each field and their position determined using dGPS. Five 10 metre long transects were set-up, centred on each of these points and marked with coloured flags, marking the longitudinal extent of each Elementary Sampling Unit (ESU). The ‘width’ of the area sampled within the crop was determined by the reach of the instrument, around 1 metre. The geographic co-ordinates in the data file have been calculated to allow for the offset of sample measurements from the tramlines, and these should be taken as the definitive locations of the individual samples. SunScan measurements were made every metre along a 30 m transect, the central 10 m length of which coincided with the area between the coloured flags. Each of the extended ESUs was sampled in the same order in each field: Red, Green, Blue, Yellow, White flag, following a path along the tramlines shown in Figure 1. This gave a total of 165 LAI measurements per field. The geographic co-ordinates of each measurement were recorded and represented alongside the measured variables. For further details see the dataset's metadata document in linked documentation.

  • A Hemispherical Camera (Nikon Coolpix 995) was used to take photographs at sites Harewood Forest, Rickyard and Fairpiece, Chilbolton, as part of the Network for Calibration and Validation in Earth Observation 2006 Field Campaign. This dataset consists of the 19 upward-looking photos taken at Fairpiece field on the 15th June 2006.

  • This dataset contains 25m resolution raster formatted data derived from the Centre of Ecology and Hydrology's (CEH) Land Cover Map 2000 (LCM2000) data for the Chilbolton, Hampshire, UK, NCAVEO calibration/validation (cal/val) test site. The NERC funded Network for Calibration and Validation of EO (NCAVEO) campaign was designed to illustrate and explain the processes involved in cal/val of earth observation data.

  • As part of the 2006 Field Campaign of the Network for Calibration and Validation of EO data (NCAVEO), an Intergraph Z/I Imaging Digital Mapping Camera (DMC) was used to collect data in 4 spectral bands in the visible and near infrared, at a nominal ground resolution of 65cm. The Chilbolton site was flown over on the 9th June 2006 by the Ordnance Survey, resulting in 84 strips captured over the Area of Interest (2048 x 3072) with 60% overlap along the track. The data was orthorectified to the British National Grid using photogrammetric methods.

  • As part of the Network for Calibration and Validation of Earth Observation data (NCAVEO) 2006 Field Campaign, hyperspectral measurements were collected over the study area of Shrewsbury on 17th June 2006. The measurements were recorded using a Specim Airborne Hyperspectral Imaging Systems (AISA) Eagle sensor on board a Dornier 228 aircraft operated by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Airborne Research and Survey Facility (ARSF). The Eagle is a 12 bit, pushbroom, hyperspectral sensor. It covers the visible and near infra-red spectrum 400 - 970nm, has a 1000 pixel swath width and a maximum spectral resolution of 2.9nm. This dataset compromises the level 1b data which was collected by the instrument. The data was collected between 10:40 am and 12:01 pm GMT. 8 flightlines of data were acquired: 7 flown in a NW-SE azimuth and one cross-cutting flightline (08), in a SW-NE direction. A link to the record page for the level 3a dataset and CASI-2 data collected during the flight are also available in linked documentation.

  • Leaf Area Index (LAI) measurements were made in three fields near Chilbolton, as part of the Network for Calibration and Validation of Earth Observation data (NCAVEO) 2006 Field Campaign. Measurements were carried out over 14-15 June 2006 in fields Brockley (spring barley), Big Croft (oil seed rape) and Rickyard (winter wheat), each of which were planted with different crop types. LAI measurements were made with the LAI2000 instrument loaned from INRA, France (Inst. Ref: N4431), including shadow cap (180 degrees) and measurement configuration: one top of canopy reading (reading A in files) followed by one bottom of canopy (reading B in files). Within the main sensor the LAI2000 instrument has five separate silicon detectors arranged in concentric rings. When radiation is projected onto the detector each ring sees a different range of zenith angles, up to a maximum 74º field of view. There is no response at zenith angles between 74º and 90º. The sensor is filtered to respond only to radiation below 490nm to minimise the impact of leaf reflectance and transmittance on measured values. The outputs of the five detectors were measured simultaneously for each above or below canopy measurement. Five sample points were located within tramlines in each field and five 10 metre long transects were then set-up, centred on each of these points. 10 measurements were made at each flag. For further details regarding the data's collection and structure, please see the associated metadata document in linked documentation.

  • The Network for Calibration and Validation of EO data (NCAVEO) ground data collection programme included a series of transects on the River Test at Chilbolton Cow Common, an area of semi-natural wet grassland. The river survey was carried out on the 16th June between 11:15 and 13:15 at site Chilbolton 1 and 15:30-17:00 at Chilbolton 2, the day before the ‘golden day’ on which the airborne data were collected by the Environment Agency / Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). The sampling strategy used was based on the desire to capture; (1) data over the range of water depths, (2) a dense and extensive sample of data to allow for bathymetric modelling of the river regions and (3) data over a broad range of substrate types to represent all varieties within the study region (e.g. from marginal vegetation to silts and to gravels). The variables recorded included: Easting; Northing; Water depth (cm); Depth to bed (cm); Surface velocity (m/s); Dominant substrate. Surface velocity was measured using a Valeport uni-directional electro-magnetic current meter (Valeport Ltd.). For more information on the collection and processing of the data please see the dataset's metadata document, in linked documentation. A video of David Spear describing the survey is available also included in the directory.