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  • Radiation belts are hazardous regions found around several of the planets in our Solar System. They consist of very hot, electrically charged particles that are trapped in the magnetic field of the planet. At Saturn the most important way to heat these particles has for many years been thought to involve the particles drifting closer towards the planet. This paper adds to the emerging idea at Saturn that a different way to heat the particles is also possible where the heating is done by waves, in a similar way to what we find at the Earth. This work is reported in the paper "Rapid electron acceleration in low density regions of Saturn''s radiation belt by whistler mode chorus waves" by E.E. Woodfield et al., 2019. The data provided here enable reconstruction of all the figures in the paper. The research leading to these results has received funding from: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK, grants NE/R016038/1 and NE/R016445/1 Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), UK, grants ST/I001727/1 and ST/M00130X/1. NASA grants NNX11AM36G and NNX16AI47G. The research at the University of Iowa was supported by NASA through Contract 1415150 with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. European Council (EC) grant H2020 637302.

  • Turbulent velocity fluctuations in the ice shelf-ocean boundary layer beneath Larsen C Ice Shelf were observed using two turbulence instrument clusters (TICs) deployed 2.5 m and 13.5 m beneath the ice shelf base in December 2011. Each TIC sampled the velocity fluctuations at a rate of 5 Hz, and were operated in burst mode with 15 minutes of data being collected every two hours. 4600 bursts were collected over a period of 392 days. 320 bursts failed the quality control checks, and were removed from the dataset. The TICs were deployed as part of the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Sub Ice Shelf Boundary Layer Experiment. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/H009205/1.

  • This dataset contains all datasets used in Yang et al. ACP (2019), especially the model-data comparison data and pTOMCAT''s model experimental results. The data include pTOMCAT model output of sea salt aerosol (SSA) and the cruise data from the Weddell Sea, they include blowing snow particles and aerosol number density and regrouped size spectrum over open ocean, marginal sea ice zone and packed sea ice. It also contains monthly sea salt aerosol sodium concentrations at eight polar sites in both northern and southern hemispheres: Alert, Barrow, Summit, Palmer, Neumayer, Halley, Kohnen and Concordia (Dome C). The Weddell Sea particle data (both blowing snow and aerosol) are from 29m above the sea level (not including near surface data). The data period only covers 13 June-26 July 2013. To get access to a full cruise dataset, see the companion paper by Frey et al. (2019) and the DOI link. This study was supported by NERC-funded BLOWSEA project (NE/J023051/1) and the German RV Polarstern.

  • Two netcdf files are provided that contain daily precipitation amounts for January 1979 - July 2017 from the RACMO version 3p2 limited area, atmosphere-only model. The model is described in van Wessem, J. M., C. H. Reijmer, M. Morlighem, J. Mouginot, E. Rignot, B. Medley, and E. van Meijgaard, (2014) Improved representation of East Antarctic surface mass balance in a regional atmospheric climate model, Journal of Glaciology, 60, 761-770. The model was run over a 262 by 240 grid point domain covering Antarctica and parts of the Southern Ocean. The model was forced at the lateral boundaries by data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) Interim reanalysis (ERA-Interim). Flags are provided for extreme precipitation events. A precipitation day was taken as a daily total of precipitation of greater than 0.02 mm. Extreme precipitation events were then taken as days when daily precipitation amount was greater than the 90th percentile of the daily precipitation values over the period 1979 - 2016.

  • The database contains fasta sequences from UniProt and associated metadata for molluscan shell matrix proteins (SMPs). The database only contains SMPs that have been experimentally validated to be present in molluscan shell matrices (based on the publication(s) attached to the UniProtID). Metadata includes information on functional domains present in the sequence, as detected by InterproScan. With the advent of Next Generation Sequencing technologies, it is computationally resource intensive to run sequence similarity algorithms on all published data. Moreover, it is impractical to sort through hundreds of sequence similarity search results when working with non-model organisms, since pre-established functional annotations of sequences are generally not available. Therefore, this database was created in order to provide a targeted molluscan biomineralization dataset for sequence similarity algorithms (such as BLAST). Database created as part of doctoral research, funded under Marie Curie Innovative Training Networks (ITN) - Calcium in the Changing Environment (CACHE - Grant agreement 605051).

  • Daily outputs on a 7.5 km horizontal resolution grid covering the Greenland Ice Sheet from MARv3.6.2, which is a regional climate model developed for the Polar regions that solves the regional climate and ice sheet surface mass balance. MAR was forced by ERA-Interim re-analysis data.

  • These data are (1) porewater extractions of cores of the permafrost and active layer of Adventdalen, Svalbard, (2) solid-phase extractions of the same cores, and (3) in-situ porewater sampling from the end of the summer, 2017. The aqueous parameters are: major ions (Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl-, NO3-, SO42-), Fe(aq), Mn(aq), aqueous CH4 and CO2 concentrations, delta 13C- CH4, acetate, propionic acid, isobutyric acid, butyric acid, isovaleric acid, valeric acid, isocaproic acid, caproic acid, heptanoic acid, pH, oxidation-reduction potential, dissolved oxygen and alkalinity. The solid parameters are: organic carbon, nitrogen, acid volatile sulphur (AVS), chromium-reducible sulphur (CRS), amorphous and nanoparticulate iron (oxyhydr)oxides, crystalline iron (oxyhydr)oxides, iron bound in carbonates, and magnetite. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/M019829/1.

  • UTLs were used to determine whether whole animal acclimation had occurred in R. perrieri on heated settlement panels in the Antarctic. The panels were placed at 15m depth at two sites (South Cove and North Cove) near Rothera Research Station, Adelaide Island, Antarctic Peninsula (67.06861 S, 68.125 W). Heated and non-heated panels (one each of control, +1, +2) from the South Cove and North Cove sites colonised by R. perrieri were transferred to a 60 L jacketed tank with aerated sea water at the same temperature as the ambient sea water (0 degrees Celsius) and connected to a thermocirculator (Grant Instruments Ltd, Cambridge, UK). The temperature was raised at 1 degree Celsius h-1 with the temperature limit of each animal noted when they no longer responded to tactile stimuli. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/J007501/1.

  • Zooplankton faecal pellet abundance, volume and flux were determined from samples collected at three stations in the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean during cruise JR304. Samples were collected at six depths within the 0 - 400 m epi- to upper mesopelagic using Niskin bottles attached to a CTD unit and were preserved in a formalin-based solution. Fluorescence data were collected during the same deployments. Sampling was performed by C. Liszka and G. Tarling on board RRS James Clark Ross. Sample analysis was performed by C. Liszka at British Antarctic Survey in Cambridge.

  • Adventdalen is a medium-sized (513 km2) catchment in continuous permafrost zone of central Spitsbergen. It is an important study area, but the river is highly unsuitable for monitoring runoff on account of the high sediment yield and extremely unstable channel sections in the large delta. This necessitates the estimation of runoff volume through the application of a suitable model. Daily runoff was therefore simulated using daily precipitation and temperature data series (1991-2016) and the HBV model. Daily water temperature and electrical conductivity were also monitored at the point of interest to provide basic water quality parameters alongside the runoff quantity data. Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/M019829/1.