10000 urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001

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  • This dataset consists of mid-infrared (MIR) spectra measured on 427 archived soil samples from arable and grassland habitats across Great Britain in 2007. Data on diffuse reflectance spectra were obtained from subsamples of finely ground soil, recorded as absorbance values for wavenumber range 4000–400 cm-1. The soil samples were collected as part of the Countryside Survey monitoring programme, a unique study or ‘audit’ of the natural resources of the UK’s countryside. The analyses were conducted as part of study aiming to quantify how soil quality indicators change across a gradient of agricultural land management and to identify conditions that determine the ability of different soils to resist and recover from perturbations. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE) and momentum (τ) measured at UKCEH eddy covariance flux observation sites during summer 2019. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations made at each site. Eddy covariance (EC) and micrometeorological observations were collected using open-path eddy covariance systems. Flux, meteorological and soil physics observations were collected and processed using harmonised protocols across all sites. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset includes measured DOC concentration, and modelled DOC concentration derived from UV-visible absorbance spectra. We also include measured chlorophyll concentration, pH and conductivity. The natural water samples were collected from freshwater ecosystems in the UK, and site names and locations. Samples were also collected at set intervals throughout the year, from mesocosm experiments simulating natural lake ecosystems. Data on measured and modelled DOC concentration, chlorophyll concentration, pH and conductivity for the mesocosms sampled, are also included. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset includes soil mass, organic phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen concentrations for light and heavy fractions, obtained from soils collected from UK habitats. The dataset includes 20 soils, collected from the Ribble, Avon and Conwy catchments in the North West, South and North Wales respectively. Samples were split into light and heavy fractions using a physicochemical fractionation method. The dataset also includes recoveries of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus as a measure of the efficacy of the fractionation method. Extra data on sampling location, catchments conditions and bulk soil texture are also included in this dataset. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • The dataset contains abundance trends for 432 species of moths (mostly macro-moths) estimated using the data collected by Rothamsted Insect Survey (RIS) from their light-trap network between the years 1968 and 2016. The trends were calculated using a Generalized Abundance Index (GAI) model. The trends are presented as year coefficients from the statistical model, Annual Growth Rates (AGR), and the total percentage changes over the time series for each species. For each trend metric 95% and 90% confidence intervals are provided. Two versions of the trends are presented: one using data from all traps in the Britain & Ireland over the period of 1968-2016 and a second dataset restricted to traps in Great Britain over the period of 1970-2016. Data acquisition was partially funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) under research programme NE/N018125/1 Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems (ASSIST). ASSIST is an initiative jointly supported by NERC and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The Rothamsted Insect Survey is funded by the BBSRC under the Core Capability Grant BBS/E/C/000J0200. The research builds upon model development supported by NERC award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • Data on resilience of wheat yields in England, derived from the annual Defra Cereals and Oilseeds production survey of commercial farms. The data presented here are summarised over a ten-year time-series (2008-2017) at 10km x10km grid cell (hectad) resolution. The data give the mean yield, relative yield, yield stability and resistance to an extreme event (the poor weather of 2012), for all hectads with at least one sampled farm holding in each year of the time-series (i.e. the minimum data required to calculate the resilience metrics). These metrics were calculated to explore the impact of landscape structure on yield resilience. The data also give the number of samples per year per hectad, so that sampling biases can be explored and filtering applied. No hectads are included that contain data from <9 holdings across the time series (the minimum level required by Defra to maintain anonymity is <5). The data were created under the ASSIST (Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems) project by staff at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology to enable exploration of the impacts of agriculture on the environment and vice versa, enabling farmers and policymakers to implement better, more sustainable agricultural practices. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset comprises seven ensembles of hydrological model estimates of monthly mean and annual maximum river flows (m3s-1) on a 0.1° × 0.1° grid (approximate grid of 10 km × 10 km) across West Africa for historical (1950 to 2005) and projected future (2006 to 2099) periods. This dataset is the output from the Hydrological Modelling Framework for West Africa, or “HMF-WA” model. The ensembles correspond to historical and three projected future climate scenarios (RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5) with two future scenarios of water use. The scenarios of water use are (i) future water use that varies in line with projected population increases, and (ii) future water use is the same as present day. This dataset is an output from the regional scale hydrological modelling study from African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis-2050 (AMMA-2050) project. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This data set consists of measurements of lengths of linear landscape features and associated attributes from sites across Wales, collected between 2013 and 2016. Data are presented as lengths of features such as hedges ('woody linear features'), fences, walls, banks and streams, with associated species and condition measures where applicable. Features were surveyed within a set of up to 300 x 1km squares across Wales (not all sites contained linear features), collected as part of the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (GMEP). The monitoring programme was set up by the Welsh Government in 2013 to monitor the effects of the Glastir agri-environment scheme on the environment and ran from 2013 to 2016. The field survey element was based on a stratified random sampling design of 300 x 1km square sites across Wales, and was managed by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • Data were collected in 2017, to provide information on spatial patterns of dune migration rates and associated water flow characteristics, at locations on the South Saskatchewan River, Canada. Dune migration rates were measured using repeat aerial imagery. Bedform crests were digitised in individual images, and average dune migration rates were calculated from the mean migration distance between image pairs, divided by the time between image collection. Water depth and velocity data were collected using a Sontek M9 acoustic Doppler current profiler (aDcp) mounted on a small zodiac boat. The position of the aDcp was recorded using a RTK dGPS system. Data were collected on 12th June 2017 as part of NERC project NE/L00738X/1 Full details about this dataset can be found at

  • This dataset reports the responses of annual river flow to forestation in 43 catchments and contains 770 data points. Data shows the change in river flow following forestation at annual time scales, along control river flow measurements and associated metadata from primary and secondary sources. Data collection, processing and interpretation were performed by Laura Bentley and David A. Coomes between January 2018 and October 2019. Forestation was defined as a change in land cover from a stable, non-forested state to a forested one, independent of the long-term history of forest cover. Paired measurements of annual river flow following forestation (mm) and river flow under control land cover conditions (mm) are provided for each year that the catchment dataset satisfied our inclusion criteria. River flow response is provided as both an absolute difference (mm) and as a percentage of control flow in the same year. Estimates of catchment annual precipitation, annual potential evapotranspiration, forest age, forest area, and the year of study are provided for each river flow response data point. Metadata are provided concerning catchment land cover history, land use history, catchment area, forest type, average climate and the method of forest establishment. The dataset contains catchments that were planted with trees and catchments in which forest cover regenerated without planting. Historical forest cover was reported in some catchments, and not reported in others. The 43 catchments a distributed unevenly across the globe, in 13 countries. The length of time series for each catchment varies from 2 years to 57 years, with and average duration of 19 years. Full details about this dataset can be found at