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climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere

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  • The European AQUA Thermodynamic Experiment (EAQUATE) was a study of the atmosphere, the land surface and the ocean surface by means of a range of airborne high resolution souders, in conjunction with observations from the Aqua and Aura satellites. The EAQUATE archive held at the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) includes data collected aboard the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) Bae 146 aircraft based at Cranfield, UK, during four flights in September 2004.

  • This dataset collection contains Chemical Ablation Model version 3 (CABMOD3) simulations of metal ablation from meteoroids and Meteoric Ablation Simulator (MASI) sodium and nickel ablation experimental data. This experiment was undertaken as part of Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) First study of the global Nickel and Aluminium Layers in the upper atmosphere (NIALL) project (NE/P001815/1). This project aimed to make the first ever study of Ni and Al chemistry in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere.

  • Data for Figure 3.2 from Chapter 3 of the Working Group I (WGI) Contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). Figure 3.2 shows changes in surface temperature for different paleoclimates. --------------------------------------------------- How to cite this dataset --------------------------------------------------- When citing this dataset, please include both the data citation below (under 'Citable as') and the following citation for the report component from which the figure originates: Eyring, V., N.P. Gillett, K.M. Achuta Rao, R. Barimalala, M. Barreiro Parrillo, N. Bellouin, C. Cassou, P.J. Durack, Y. Kosaka, S. McGregor, S. Min, O. Morgenstern, and Y. Sun, 2021: Human Influence on the Climate System. In Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S.L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M.I. Gomis, M. Huang, K. Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T.K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu, and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 423–552, doi:10.1017/9781009157896.005. --------------------------------------------------- Figure subpanels --------------------------------------------------- The figure has three subpanels, the data provided for all panels in subdirectories named panel_a, panel_b, panel_c --------------------------------------------------- List of data provided --------------------------------------------------- For panel (a): - PMIP3 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - PMIP4 CMIP6 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - PMIP4 non-CMIP6 global temperature anomalies over continents and oceans reconstruction sites - Tierney 2020 reconstructions of marine temperature - Cleator 2020 reconstructions of continental temperature For panel (b): - CMIP5 temperature data for paleoclimate periods - CMIP6 temperature data for paleoclimate periods - non-CMIP temperature data for paleoclimate periods - Instrumental observational and observations from reconstructions For panel (c): - Volcanic forcing from TS17, CU12, GRA08 - CMIP6 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with TS17 volcanic forcing - CMIP5 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with CU12 volcanic forcing - CMIP5 GMST anomaly with respect to 1850-1900 modelled with GRA08 volcanic forcing --------------------------------------------------- Data provided in relation to figure --------------------------------------------------- - panel_a/temperature_anomalies_scatter_points.csv relates to the scatter points and their standard deviation for panel (a) - For panel (b) the datasets are stored as following panel_b/temperature_{color}_{marker}_{period}_{model_group}_{additional_info}.csv and relates to the scatter points for panel (b). - For panel (c) the data is stored in panel_c/gmst_changes_paleo_volcanic_forcings.csv and relates to red, green, blue and black lines on the panel as well as grey shadings. Additional information about data provided in relation to figure in files headers. CMIP6 is the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. CMIP5 is the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. PMIP4 is the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 4 PMIP3 is the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project phase 3 --------------------------------------------------- Temporal Range of Paleoclimate Data --------------------------------------------------- This dataset covers a paleoclimate timespan from 3.3Ma to 6ka (3.3 million years ago to 6 thousand years ago). --------------------------------------------------- Notes on reproducing the figure from the provided data. --------------------------------------------------- For panel (a) the error bar should be plotted as anomalies from columns 2/4 +/- standard deviation. --------------------------------------------------- Sources of additional information --------------------------------------------------- The following weblinks are provided in the Related Documents section of this catalogue record: - Link to the report component containing the figure (Chapter 3) - Link to the Supplementary Material for Chapter 3, which contains details on the input data used in Table 3.SM.1 - Link to the code for the figure, archived on Zenodo.

  • No data was collected during this flight (VIP Demonstration).

  • The World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 6 (CMIP6) data from the Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace (IPSL) IPSL-CM6A-LR model output for the "effective radiative forcing by 4xCO2" (piClim-4xCO2) experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: Amon, Lmon and day. The runs included the ensemble members: r1i1p1f1, r2i1p1f1, r3i1p1f1, r4i1p1f1 and r5i1p1f1. CMIP6 was a global climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by PCMDI (Program For Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison) on behalf of the WCRP and provided input for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 6th Assessment Report (AR6). The official CMIP6 Citation, and its associated DOI, is provided as an online resource linked to this record.

  • WCRP CMIP5: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA GISS) GISS-E2-R model output for the AMIP (amip) experiment. These data cover the following realms: aerosol, atmos, land, landIce, ocean and seaIce; at the following frequencies: 3hr, 6hr, day and mon. The runs included the ensemble members: r1i1p1, r1i1p3, r2i1p1, r2i1p3, r3i1p1, r3i1p3, r4i1p1, r4i1p3, r5i1p1, r5i1p3, r6i1p1 and r6i1p3. The WCRP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5), was a global climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by PCMDI (Program For Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison) on behalf of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) and provided input for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 5th Assessment Report (AR5).

  • The African Easterly Jet (AEJ) is part of a climatic system which is of critical importance to African and global weather and climate, but is poorly observed and not well represented in model analyses. For the JET2000 project the Met Office Met Research flight (MRF) aircraft performed four flights, involving transects along and across the jet and the baroclinic zone, to make observations of unprecedented resolution for this part of the world. 110 dropsondes were dropped along the fight path. The Meteorological Research Flight (MRF) was a Met Office facility, which flew a well-instrumented C-130 Hercules aircraft for atmospheric research purposes. This dataset contains airborne atmospheric and chemistry measurements taken on board the Met Office C-130 Hercules aircraft flight A780 for the JET2000 project. The flight was located over Niamey, Niger.

  • Airborne atmospheric measurements from core and non-core instrument suites data on board the FAAM BAE-146 aircraft collected for FAAM Test, Calibration, Training and Non-science Flights and other non-specified flight projects (Instrument) project.

  • The World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 6 (CMIP6) data from the the MIROC team MIROC6 model output for the "update of RCP6.0 based on SSP4" (ssp460) experiment. These are available at the following frequencies: Amon, LImon, Lmon, Ofx, Omon and SImon. The runs included the ensemble member: r1i1p1f1. CMIP6 was a global climate model intercomparison project, coordinated by PCMDI (Program For Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison) on behalf of the WCRP and provided input for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 6th Assessment Report (AR6). The the MIROC team team consisted of the following agencies: Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute (AORI), Centre for Climate System Research - National Institute for Environmental Studies (CCSR-NIES) and Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute (AORI). The official CMIP6 Citation, and its associated DOI, is provided as an online resource linked to this record.

  • Oxidant and Particle Photochemical Processes above a South-East Asian tropical rain forest (OP3-Danum-08) is a 3-year Consortium Grant of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), beginning 1 October 2007. The objectives of the OP3 project are (i) to understand how emissions of reactive trace gases from a tropical rain forest mediate the production and processing of oxidants and particles in the troposphere, and (ii) to better understand the impact of these processes on local, regional and global scale atmospheric composition, chemistry and climate.