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environment

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  • This dataset provides Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 1x1 kilometres (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2018 to 2020. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are provided for (i) moorland/short vegetation everywhere, and (ii) forest everywhere. Additionally, the grid square average over multiple land cover types (i.e. arable, grassland, forest, moorland, urban) is also calculated. The habitat-specific data are recommended for use with critical loads for the calculation of critical load exceedances. The work in generating and compiling the dataset has been funded by the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH) and various Departments for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) contracts. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/4a5a9140-96f1-4aee-b547-ef570238fdbd

  • This dataset contains calculated return rates for five seabird species from representative colonies on the Isle of May, off the East coast of Scotland. Annual return rates are measured as the number of individually colour marked individuals seen in any one year that were also observed in the previous year for the Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica), common guillemot (Uria aalge), razorbill (Alca torda), European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) and black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla). Not every individual is seen in any one year and the data set does not take into account those missed in any previous years hence these data are not to be treated as survival estimates. In the dataset, each year is represented by a single row of data, there are five columns showing the calculated return rates for each species (indicated by its common name and suffixed ‘RR’). The figure quoted in any row is the proportion of marked birds which are observed by the end of the stated breeding season. Each row also contains the number of individuals seen in that year and the number seen in the previous year, taking into account new individuals which are marked. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/1624fe45-0deb-4bcd-9f13-75578693aaae

  • This dataset consists of the 25m raster version of the Land Cover Map 2015 (LCM2015) for Great Britain. The 25m raster product consists of two bands: Band 1 - raster representation of the majority (dominant) class per polygon for 21 target habitat classes; Band 2 - mean per polygon probability as reported by the Random Forest classifier (see supporting information). The 21 target classes are based on the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Broad Habitats, which encompass the entire range of UK habitats. This dataset is derived from the vector version of the Land Cover Map, which contains individual parcels of land cover and is the highest available spatial resolution. The 25m raster is the most detailed of the LCM2015 raster products both thematically and spatially, and it is used to derive the 1km products. LCM2015 is a land cover map of the UK which was produced at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology by classifying satellite images from 2014 and 2015 into 21 Broad Habitat-based classes. LCM2015 consists of a range of raster and vector products and users should familiarise themselves with the full range (see related records, the CEH web site and the LCM2015 Dataset documentation) to select the product most suited to their needs. LCM2015 was produced at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology by classifying satellite images from 2014 and 2015 into 21 Broad Habitat-based classes. It is one of a series of land cover maps, produced by UKCEH since 1990. They include versions in 1990, 2000, 2007, 2015, 2017, 2018 and 2019. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/bb15e200-9349-403c-bda9-b430093807c7

  • This dataset includes measurements of carbon-14 transfer from plants to soil within mesh cores. Measurements were taken in roots, shoots, soil and from respiration. Mesh cores were either static or rotated to provide plus and minus mycorrhizal mycelial systems. Carbon-14 was traced through cores as respiration using KOH (Potassium hydroxide) traps. The experiment was carried out at the University of Sheffield using soil from the NERC Soil Biodiversity site in Scotland. The work was part of the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, which was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute (now the James Hutton Institute) farm at Sourhope in the Scottish Borders. During the experiment, the site was monitored to assess changes in above-ground biomass production (productivity), species composition and relative abundance (diversity). Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/39b8bd96-af67-4f61-a040-0682043df938

  • These measurements of soil microbial biomass carbon, soil basal respiration rate and metabolic quotient were taken from an experiment set up at the University of Sheffield, using soil from the NERC Soil Biodiversity site at Sourhope. The work was part of the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, which was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute (now the James Hutton Institute) farm at Sourhope in the Scottish Borders. During the experiment, the site was monitored to assess changes in above-ground biomass production (productivity), species composition and relative abundance (diversity). Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e300da0a-e0db-42b3-8986-56efef2985c2

  • This dataset consists of metal concentrations measured from soils sampled across Great Britain in 1998. The Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random sample, based on a 15 by 15 km grid of GB. Surveys have been carried out in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1998 and 2007 by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, with repeated visits to the majority of squares. The countryside is sampled and surveyed using rigorous scientific methods, allowing us to compare new results with those from previous surveys. In this way we can detect the gradual and subtle changes that occur in the UK's countryside over time. In addition to soil data, habitat areas, vegetation species data, linear habitat data, and freshwater habitat data are also gathered by Countryside Survey. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/def15f47-6aba-43db-a833-5844628a658b

  • This dataset contains water chemistry and phytoplankton cell counts collected from 3 different depths at 3 different sites in Durleigh Reservoir in Somerset, England, during 2018. Water samples were collected on 22 Feb, 5 Apr, 20 Apr, 30 May, 13 Jun, 27 Jun, 9 Jul, 24 Jul, 20 Aug, 21 Aug, 22 Aug, 23 Aug, 24 Aug, and 5 Oct 2018. The data available to download includes phytoplankton cell counts (cells/ml), turbidity (NTU), pH, Ammonia (mg/l), total oxidised nitrogen (mg/l) nitrite (mg/l), nitrate (mg/l), ammonium (mg/l), orthophosphate (mg/l), silica (mg/l), Potassium (mg/l), Calcium (mg/l), Geosmin (ng/l), 2-MIB (ng/l), total and soluble manganese, iron, copper, magnesium, zinc, and aluminium (all: mg/l). Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/f5f85f15-8f3a-474c-ae58-7cdeab2a53ca

  • The dataset contains global soil protease activities and common methodological parameters (i.e. fluorometric and colorimetric analysis) used to measure soil protease activity between 1970-2020. The dataset also includes key environmental parameters that affect protease activity i.e. soil type, soil pH, mean annual temperature, mean annual precipitation, soil organic carbon, and clay content. Full details about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/3055e8c7-fa76-4350-bbdc-9b9958f58d10

  • The dataset contains the chemical compositional changes occurred in anaerobic digestate, with and without biomass ash, simulating storage conditions during 128 days. Additionally, Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) was added to these materials to test the effectivity on preventing nitrogen loss via acidification. Experiments were carried out in the laboratory during 2016, being measured via a combination of internal and external laboratories. The dataset provides data on chemical changes, namely: dry solids, pH, Kjeldahl nitrogen and total sulphur. Full details about this nonGeographicDataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.5285/e91e8c28-0176-4c5b-9b20-611eb505ab39

  • Data from a water quality survey of streams draining rural and agricultural land to the North Sea from the Wolds region of the West Riding of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire in eastern England. These streams were monitored at baseflow during mid-August 2006.Measurements include pH, Gran Alkalinity, SRP, TDP, TP and dissolved NH4, Si, Fluoride, Cl, NO2, NO3, SO4, Na, K, Ca, Mg, B, Li, Sr, Be, Ba, Mn, Co, Fe, Zn, V, Cd, Cu, Cr, Ni, Mo, Al and Pb. The study was undertaken as a component of a research programme examining the role of agriculture and other sources of nutrient contamination to rivers with an emphasis on agriculture and the Water Framework Directive and is largely based on the Humber Basin draining to the North Sea.